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Short Answer

  1. Cesare Lombroso developed a theory of crime based on the physical characteristics of the offender. How has this search for the physical difference between offenders and non-offenders progressed since Lombroso’s time? Has modern science gotten any closer to finding a physical marker in offenders?

  2. Cesare Beccaria and Jeremy Bentham are credited with developing the classical school of criminology. What does the perspective treat as the proper focus of criminology, the crime or the offender? How does the classical school of criminology still affect the criminal justice system?

  3. The Chicago school of sociology contributed the basis for several theories of criminology. Explain how its emphasis on the social disorganization of urban life influenced the study of criminal behavior.

  4. Compare and contrast Merton’s strain theory of crime with Hirschi’s social control theory. What factors do each of these theories deem to be problematic?

  5. To what extent does the modern feminist movement help society address crime? Has it increased opportunities for females as either offenders or practitioners in the criminal justice system?

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