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Multiple Choice Quiz

  1. Which of the follow sets of information must a reporter conducting interviews for a news story about a crime or city council action discover?
      a. Facts and details, including dates, names, locations and costs.
      b. A chronology showing the unfolding of events.
      c. Relationships among the people or interests involved.
      d. Anecdotes that illuminate events or issues and make them more dramatic and understandable for readers or viewers.
      e. All of the others.
  2. When interviewing for a personality profile or other feature, reporters often
      a. complete their interviews in 30 minutes or less.
      b. spend many hours with the subject of the profile.
      c. conduct their interviews over the telephone.
      d. avoid visiting the subject so as not to prejudice their views of that person.
  3. Which of the following is NOT part of the planning process for interviews?
      a. Devising ways to trick the interview subject.
      b. Defining the purpose of the interview
      c. Identifying areas of inquiry.
      d. Anticipating possible answers to questions.
  4. In seeking the best available source to interview for a news story, the reporter primarily is looking for a person who
      a. has a knack for saying things that are controversial.
      b. will look good on video or in a photograph.
      c. knows enough about a topic to bluff his or her way through an interview.
      d. has relevant expertise or experience and is articulate.
  5. In deciding how many sources are enough for a particular story, the reporter must take into account these four factors:
      a. deadline pressures, the expertise of the sources, the degree of controversy raised by a topic and the complexity of the topic.
      b. deadline pressures, the complexity of the story, the minimum required by the editor and the interest of the reader.
      c. the complexity of the story, the ignorance of the readers, the minimum required by the editor and the degree of controversy raised by the topic.
      d. the expertise of the sources, the probable apathy of most readers, the complexity of the story and the reporter’s own boredom with the topic.
  6. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons reporters should perform background research before they interview a source?
      a. They are more likely to have documented all relevant facts.
      b. They will not waste time by asking about issues that have already been widely publicized.
      c. Sometimes they can write the story without having to waste time on an interview.
      d. They will not embarrass themselves by appearing to the source to be ignorant of the topic.
  7. Which of the following is NOT one of characteristics of a good question to ask during an interview?
      a. The question is likely to elicit an anecdote.
      b. The question encourages the source to provide details.
      c. The question starts a subject talking about her or his experiences.
      d. The question encourages the subject to respond with a “yes” or “no.”
  8. The best location for interviewing a source is
      a. in the person’s home or office.
      b. in the reporter’s newsroom.
      c. in a restaurant.
      d. in a place where there is lots of background noise.
  9. When asking questions of interview subjects, reporters often
      a. randomize their questions so that the source will never know what will be asked next.
      b. organize their questions by topic to make it easier for the interview to move from one topic to the next.
      c. try to think up their questions during the interview so as to encourage spontaneity.
      d. read questions verbatim from a prepared list.
  10. One way of organizing questions for an interview is called the funnel, which arranges questions
      a. from the most specific to the most general.
      b. from the most general to the most specific.
      c. from the most personal to the most impersonal.
      d. from the most impersonal to the most personal.
  11. A good way to get a reluctant source to speak is for the reporter to
      a. threaten the source with embarrassment if she or he fails to respond.
      b. trick the source into thinking the interview is about a completely innocuous topic.
      c. try to discover the reason for the source’s anxiety and try to overcome it.
      d. insist on the public’s right to know whatever information the source has.
  12. Telephone interviews are best for
      a. getting a few pieces of information quickly from a source.
      b. talking to a person who is the target of an investigative story.
      c. conducting a long interview on a complicated topic.
      d. getting information from the subject of an in-depth personality profile.
  13. In regard to taking notes and recording interviews, most reporters recommend
      a. recording the interview on tape or digitally and dispensing with note taking.
      b. relying on one’s memory rather than bothering with notes or recordings.
      c. taking notes of names, dates and amounts but relying on memory for direct quotations.
      d. taking detailed notes and recording the interview on tape or digitally.
  14. Which of the following is NOT among the generally accepted ways of getting an interview subject to answer a difficult or embarrassing question?
      a. Attribute the point of view implied in the question to a third party.
      b. Sugar-coat the question by asking it in a less direct fashion.
      c. Ask interviewees what their supporters or critics might say about them.
      d. Threaten to turn your information over to police or prosecuting attorneys.
  15. Interviews conducted by broadcast reporters differ from those conducted by print reporters because
      a. the broadcast interview is the story, not just part of the story.
      b. the broadcast interview is just part of the story, not the entire story.
      c. the broadcast interview should never go into as much depth as a print interview.
      d. the broadcast interview should always make the subject of the story look good.
  16. A major disadvantage to email interviews is that
      a. the source can respond with long, thoughtful answers.
      b. the reporter can’t see the source’s facial expression and body language or hear his vocal inflections.
      c. many sources are more accessible through email than over the phone.
      d. the reporter has an exact record of what the source said.
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