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J. J. C. Smart, "Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism"

  1. Which of the following statements would an extreme utilitarian accept?
      a. Classes of actions are to be judged for their consequences.
      b. No action is to be judged for its consequences.
      c. Individual actions are to be judged for their consequences.
      d. Actions are to be judged for the intentions that motivate them.
  2. Which of the following statements would NOT count as a "rule of thumb"?
      a. Don't break your promises.
      b. Don't kill innocent people.
      c. Help those less fortunate.
      d. Don't frame this innocent man.
  3. Why doesn't Smart like restricted utilitarianism?
      a. It is a sort of rule-worship.
      b. Its rules of thumb provide bad moral guidance.
      c. It doesn't provide a way of deciding what to do in situations where one needs to act quickly.
      d. It focuses on actions rather than rules.
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