Why does Carritt think that the utilitarian need not be able to precisely quantify pleasure?
a. Because all that is required are the notions of more and less pleasure.
b. Because pleasure is irrelevant to the rightness of an action.
c. Because it is impossible to precisely quantify pleasure.
d. Because utilitarianism doesn't actually consider the intensity of particular pleasures.
Why does Carritt think that utilitarianism cannot account for justice?
a. Because it tells us that we should lock up an innocent person if that is what will maximize happiness.
b. Because it is indifferent to how happiness is distributed.
c. Because it cannot account for the legitimacy of punishment.
d. Because it fails to recognize that other things besides happiness are intrinsically valuable.
Which of the following scenarios does Carritt use to illustrate why utilitarianism cannot account for the concept of a right?
a. Punishing a criminal
b. Rewarding a hero
c. Having an abortion
d. Breaking a promise