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Multiple Choice Quiz

  1. Science seeks to acquire knowledge and understanding of reality through the formulation, testing, and evaluating of...
      a. Deductive reasoning
      b. Theories
      c. Technology
      d. Scientific method
  2. The scientific method cannot be identified with any particular set of experimental or observational...
      a. Parameters
      b. Goals
      c. Formulas
      d. Procedures
  3. Scientific inquiry begins with...
      a. A problem to solve or a question to answer
      b. Observation
      c. Laboratory tests
      d. A checklist of procedures
  4. To test a hypothesis, scientists must...
      a. Not reason deductively
      b. Accurately predict the outcome of tests
      c. Ignore test implications of the hypothesis
      d. Derive a test implication from the hypothesis
  5. In double-blind experiments...
      a. Test results are unacceptable
      b. Neither the subjects nor experimenters know who receives the real treatment
      c. Only the experimenters know who receives the real treatment
      d. Placebos are not used
  6. The criterion of conservatism is a measure of...
      a. How well a theory fits with existing knowledge
      b. The amount of diverse phenomena explained
      c. The number of novel predictions made
      d. The number of assumptions made
  7. Something is logically impossible if...
      a. It violates a law of science
      b. It violates a principle of logic
      c. It cannot be tested
      d. It is difficult to understand
  8. Something is physically impossible if...
      a. It violates a law of science
      b. It violates a principle of logic
      c. It has never before been observed
      d. It is weird
  9. Generally eyewitness testimony pertaining to paranormal phenomena is...
      a. Reliable
      b. Scarce
      c. Unreliable
      d. Valid
  10. The conditional argument that expresses the logical pattern of disconfirming a hypothesis is called…
      a. Modus ponens
      b. Denying the antecedent
      c. Affirming the consequent
      d. Modus tollens
  11. The standards used to judge the worth of scientific theories are known as…
      a. The criteria of evaluation
      b. The criteria of adequacy
      c. The scientific method
      d. The rules of consistency
  12. Compared to Ptolemy's geocentric theory, Copernicus's heliocentric theory was…
      a. More conservative
      b. Superior in scope
      c. Simpler
      d. More complicated
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