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Chapter Quiz 1

  1. Business and trade associations are examples of ____________ interest groups.
      a. citizen activist
      b. public sector
      c. economic
      d. foreign nation
  2. The U.S. Conference of Mayors and the Council of State Governments are examples of _____________ interest groups.
      a. citizen activist
      b. public sector
      c. economic
      d. government
  3. A factor that is important in evaluating the potential success of an interest group is:
      a. Size
      b. Unity
      c. Leadership
      d. All of the above
  4. Free riders are:
      a. Individuals who get free membership in an interest group
      b. Individuals who benefit from the action of interest groups without spending time or money to aid them
      c. Individuals who volunteer to work for an interest group
      d. Individuals who are denied membership in an interest group
  5. Lobbying by rank-and-file interest group members using letter-writing or hardline tactics is called:
      a. Grassroots pressure
      b. Litigation pressure
      c. Electioneering
      d. Wholesale politics
  6. According to federal law, PACs can contribute no more than ______________ per candidate in a congressional election.
      a. $1,000
      b. $3,000
      c. $5,000
      d. $10,000
  7. In __________, it was argued that the rise of factions is inevitable in a democracy.
      a. Federalist No. 10
      b. Federalist No. 51
      c. the Declaration of Independence
      d. the Articles of Confederation
  8. _________________ argued that the rise of factions is inevitable in a democracy, and although he believed that factions could destroy the policymaking process, he did not want to prohibit them.
      a. George Washington
      b. Thomas Jefferson
      c. John Adams
      d. James Madison
  9. Which of the following entities lobby members of Congress?
      a. Colleges and universities
      b. Religious organizations
      c. Corporations
      d. All of the above
  10. A majority of the public rates the ethical standards of lobbyists as:
      a. Low or very low
      b. Moderate
      c. High to very high
      d. None of the above
  11. In 2012, employees from which of the following universities contributed the most amount of money to candidates for federal office?
      a. University of Michigan
      b. Stanford University
      c. Columbia University
      d. University of California
  12. Which of the following is not categorized as an economic interest group?
      a. Google
      b. The AFL-CIO
      c. The Association of Trial Lawyers of America
      d. The National Association of Counties
  13. According to your textbook, many lobbyists are:
      a. Hired into the field out of college or university
      b. Former employees of federal or state agencies
      c. Currently working for members of Congress or in the executive branch
      d. None of the above
  14. Lobbyists spend a plurality of their time:
      a. Working with congressional staff
      b. Mobilizing public opinion
      c. Building relationships
      d. On research and analysis
  15. During the 2011-12 election cycle, which of the following political action committees contributed the highest amount of money to candidates for federal office?
      a. The Natural Beer Wholesalers Association
      b. AT&T, Inc.
      c. Blue Cross/Blue Shield
      d. The National Auto Dealers Association
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