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Chapter Exam

  1. President Barack Obama signed the Affordable Care Act into law in:
      a. 2008
      b. 2010
      c. 2012
      d. 2014
  2. All of the following groups advocated various positions on health care in the 1800s except the:
      a. American Medical Association
      b. American Federation of Labor and Business
      c. National Conference of Charities and Correction
      d. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
  3. Which of the following policy proposals did the American Association for Labor Legislation advance during the 1800s?
      a. Pregnancy leave
      b. The minimum wage
      c. The ten-hour workday
      d. All of the above
  4. By the mid-1950s, what percentage of Americans were covered under a nongovernmental health care plan?
      a. 30%
      b. 50%
      c. 70%
      d. 90%
  5. Franklin Delano Roosevelt's proposed “Economic Security Policies” included:
      a. An increased minimum wage
      b. Paid vacations for all full-time workers
      c. National health insurance that would provide health coverage for all Americans
      d. Guaranteed employment for all who wanted a job
  6. The main group that opposed many major health care reforms until the 1990s was the:
      a. American Medical Association
      b. American Health Care Association
      c. Massachusetts Medical Society
      d. American Hospital Association
  7. All of the following presidents have attempted major health care overhauls except:
      a. Franklin Delano Roosevelt
      b. Harry Truman
      c. Jimmy Carter
      d. Bill Clinton
  8. The Hill-Burton Act:
      a. Created a nationalized health care system
      b. Provided expanded medical benefits to poor people
      c. Funded the construction of hospitals in rural, underserved areas
      d. Provided expanded medical benefits to elderly people
  9. The Social Security Amendments Act of 1965 created:
      a. Medicaid
      b. Social Security
      c. Unemployment insurance
      d. All of the above
  10. All of the following are commonly held sentiments about interest groups EXCEPT the belief that they:
      a. Are driven by self-interest
      b. Are dishonest
      c. Constantly attempt to “buy” members of Congress
      d. Provide useful information to politicians
  11. Approximately what percentage of the public believes that lobbyists have too much power?
      a. 30%
      b. 50%
      c. 70%
      d. 90%
  12. All of the following are examples of public interest groups EXCEPT:
      a. The National Rifle Association
      b. NARAL Pro-Choice America
      c. Common Cause
      d. The Association of Trial Lawyers of America
  13. All of the following are examples of public sector interest groups EXCEPT the:
      a. National Rifle Association
      b. National League of Cities
      c. National Association of Counties
      d. National Governors' Association
  14. Political action committees were the result of which of the following laws?
      a. The Hatch Act
      b. The Federal Election Campaign Act
      c. The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act
      d. The Shays-Meehan Act
  15. The Federal Election Campaign Act did all of the following EXCEPT:
      a. Established a rigid reporting system covering money raised for and spent on campaigns
      b. Restricted campaign contribution.
      c. Prohibited corporations and labor unions from giving directly to candidates for federal office
      d. Banning negative advertisements within ninety days of a federal election
  16. An example of a unified interest group is:
      a. The American Association of Retired People
      b. The American Federation of Labor
      c. The Children's Defense Fund
      d. None of the above
  17. An example of an interest group with effective leadership is:
      a. The American Association of Retired People
      b. The American Federation of Labor
      c. The Children's Defense Fund
      d. None of the above
  18. Interest groups employ which of the following strategies to circumvent the free rider problem?
      a. Bribing members of Congress
      b. Providing information to the public
      c. Distributing free publications
      d. All of the above
  19. What effect do countervailing forces have on the power that interest groups have?
      a. None
      b. Small
      c. Moderate
      d. Large
  20. The majority of lobbyists do all of the following activities EXCEPT:
      a. Write speeches
      b. Present research or technical information
      c. Draft legislation
      d. Bribe elected officials
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