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Chapter Quiz 1

  1. The most important steps toward ending racial segregation in the United States came with the passage of which three amendments?
      a. The First, Second, and Third
      b. The Fifth, Seventh, and Tenth
      c. The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth
      d. The Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth
  2. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 outlawed segregation in public accommodations because it:
      a. Disrupts the flow of interstate commerce
      b. Violates the Fourteenth Amendment
      c. Violates the Thirteenth Amendment
      d. Contradicts the rulings in the Civil Rights Cases of 1883
  3. The ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson:
      a. Established standards for integrating public schools
      b. Established the separate but equal doctrine
      c. Prohibited all racial segregation
      d. Prohibited Jim Crow laws
  4. Brown v. Board of Education ruled that:
      a. Segregation in public education violated the Fourteenth Amendment
      b. Segregation in public accommodations was unconstitutional
      c. Denying an individual the right to vote on the basis of race was unconstitutional
      d. Segregation was constitutional so long as separate but equal facilities were provided
  5. The Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution:
      a. Gives women the right to vote
      b. Guarantees equal rights for women
      c. Ensures equal protection under the laws
      d. Provides for the use of affirmative action programs
  6. Gender discrimination cases, like those concerning admission of women into military academies, have been raised as constitutional issues under the:
      a. Fourth Amendment's exclusionary rule
      b. Fifth Amendment's due process clause
      c. Ninth Amendment's sexual freedom article
      d. Fourteenth Amendment's equal protection clause
  7. The Lilly Ledbetter Act was passed to:
      a. Guarantee women equal opportunities to participate in college athletics
      b. Overturn a Supreme Court decision limiting the ability of women to sue for wage discrimination
      c. Modify a Supreme Court decision on sexual harassment
      d. Guarantee equal housing opportunities for women
  8. The Defense of Marriage Act of 1996 established:
      a. That same-sex marriages were legal
      b. A definition of marriage that specifically excluded same-sex marriages
      c. That states with laws prohibiting same-sex marriages must recognize those marriages performed in other states
      d. That gay and lesbian individuals could not serve in the armed forces
  9. A practice in which decisions about whether to enforce a law are based on the race or ethnicity of any individual, rather than on any suspicious or illegal act, is known as:
      a. Racial preferencing
      b. Racial profiling
      c. Racial segregation
      d. Affirmative action
  10. Which amendment to the Constitution banned slavery?
      a. The Thirteenth Amendment
      b. The Fourteenth Amendment
      c. The Fifteenth Amendment
      d. The Sixteenth Amendment
  11. Which amendment declares that no state can deny equal protection under the law to any person?
      a. The Thirteenth Amendment
      b. The Fourteenth Amendment
      c. The Fifteenth Amendment
      d. The Sixteenth Amendment
  12. Which amendment gave African American males the right to vote?
      a. The Thirteenth Amendment
      b. The Fourteenth Amendment
      c. The Fifteenth Amendment
      d. The Sixteenth Amendment
  13. The Civil Rights Act of 1875:
      a. Forbade the separation of racial groups in places of public accommodation
      b. Was declared unconstitutional in a series of Supreme Court decisions
      c. Was enacted by Congress because this body assumed that the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment authorized this act
      d. All of the above
  14. All of the following were enacted under the Jim Crow laws except:
      a. Bans on interracial marriage
      b. Separate burial grounds based on race
      c. Mandatory enslavement of African Americans
      d. Bans on African Americans and whites playing checkers or dominoes together
  15. Which organization was the driving force for ending segregation in American society?
      a. The Rainbow Coalition
      b. The National Action Network
      c. The Black Panther Party
      d. The NAACP
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