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Chapter Exam

  1. The Supreme Court overturned segregation in K–12 schools in:
      a. Plessy v. Ferguson
      b. Sweatt v. Painter
      c. Brown v. Board of Education
      d. Gideon v. Wainwright
  2. The practice by which some state and local governments routinely ignored court-ordered desegregation or complied marginally with these measures is known as:
      a. White flight
      b. Racial profiling
      c. Massive resistance
      d. Affirmative action
  3. Segregation mandated by law or statute is known as:
      a. De facto segregation
      b. De jure segregation
      c. De novo segregation
      d. De bonis non segregation
  4. Segregation not officially established by law is known as:
      a. De facto segregation
      b. De jure segregation
      c. De novo segregation
      d. De bonis non segregation
  5. The Civil Rights Act of 1964:
      a. Barred racial discrimination in hotels, restaurants, and gas stations
      b. Barred racial discrimination in employment
      c. Was enacted on the basis of Congress's power to regulate interstate commerce
      d. All of the above
  6. Anti-miscegenation laws:
      a. Made interracial marriage a criminal offense
      b. Made racial profiling illegal
      c. Made affirmative action mandatory
      d. Desegregated public schools
  7. The Voting Rights Act of 1965:
      a. Made voting qualifications that were based on race illegal
      b. Sent federal registrars to states and localities with discriminatory voting practices to enroll all applicants who met state requirements to vote
      c. Identified states and subdivisions with a history of discriminatory voting practices and made them seek preclearance from the federal government prior to implementing any changes linked to voting
      d. All of the above
  8. ________ was tried and convicted for illegally voting in the election of 1872 to protest women not having the right to vote.
      a. Lucy Stone
      b. Elizabeth Cady Stanton
      c. Susan B. Anthony
      d. Gloria Steinem
  9. In _________, the Supreme Court accepted sex-based discrimination if it is used as a means of protecting women.
      a. Goesaert v. Cleary
      b. United States v. Virginia
      c. Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company
      d. National Organization for Women v. California State University
  10. In _________________, the Supreme Court ruled that publicly supported colleges and universities must admit both men and women.
      a. Goesaert v. Cleary
      b. United States v. Virginia
      c. Sweatt v. Painter
      d. National Organization for Women v. California State University
  11. The first law that President Obama signed into law was:
      a. The Affordable Care Act
      b. The USA PATRIOT Act Extension
      c. The Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act
      d. The Drone Procurement Act
  12. Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 provides that no person shall be subject to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance on the basis of:
      a. Sex
      b. Race
      c. Sexual orientation
      d. Class
  13. The Supreme Court ruled that state laws prohibiting homosexual sodomy are constitutional in:
      a. Bowers v. Hardwick
      b. Romer v. Evans
      c. United States v. Windsor
      d. Hollingsworth v. Perry
  14. The Supreme Court ruled that an amendment to the Colorado constitution that prohibited any law that protected homosexuals from discrimination was unconstitutional in:
      a. Bowers v. Hardwick
      b. Romer v. Evans
      c. Goesaert v. Cleary
      d. Hollingsworth v. Perry
  15. In California, Proposition 8 banned:
      a. Gay marriage
      b. Affirmative action
      c. Property tax increases without the consent of voters
      d. Bilingual education
  16. In _________, the Supreme Court ruled that the provision of the Defense of Marriage Act prohibiting couples legally married in any state from receiving federal benefits violated the Fifth Amendment.
      a. Bowers v. Hardwick
      b. Romer v. Evans
      c. United States v. Windsor
      d. Hollingsworth v. Perry
  17. The Welfare Reform Act of 1996:
      a. Allowed state governments to eliminate welfare benefits if they chose to do so
      b. Terminated Supplemental Security Income and Medicaid benefits to immigrants not in the United States legally
      c. Expanded the federal government's role in administering social welfare programs
      d. Failed to reform welfare programs and was repealed by the Work Act in 2005
  18. In California, Proposition _________ required many state and local government officials to verify the immigration status of persons with whom they came into contact.
      a. 8
      b. 187
      c. 209
      d. 227
  19. Which president has deported more immigrants than any other president since 1950?
      a. Ronald Reagan
      b. Bill Clinton
      c. George W. Bush
      d. Barack Obama
  20. In ___________, the Supreme Court declared numerical quotas for college and university admissions to be unconstitutional.
      a. University of California v. Bakke
      b. Grutter v. Bollinger
      c. Schuette v. Coalition to Defend Affirmative Action
      d. Lawrence v. Texas
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