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Chapter Quiz 2

  1. The case of ______ made the Eighth Amendment's protection against the imposition of cruel and unusual punishment applicable to the states.
      a. Robinson v. California
      b. Brown v. Board of Education
      c. Baker v. Carr
      d. Federal Election Commission v. National Conservative Political Action Committee
  2. The Supreme Court prohibited the death penalty from being applied to those under 18 years of age in:
      a. Gideon v. Wainwright
      b. Furman v. Georgia
      c. Roper v. Simmons
      d. Kennedy v. Louisiana
  3. The Supreme Court legalized abortion in:
      a. Roe v. Wade
      b. Webster v. Reproductive Health Services
      c. Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey
      d. Gonzales v. Carhart
  4. In Gonzales v. Carhart (2007), the Supreme Court upheld the:
      a. Abortion Elimination Act
      b. Partial Birth Abortion Ban Act
      c. Defund Abortion Act
      d. Medical Necessity Abortion Act
  5. The myth of America's vulnerability states that:
      a. Other countries want to take all economic resources from the United States because they are jealous.
      b. Other countries despise the United States because of the freedoms that its Constitution guarantees to its people.
      c. The United States is always under a political and economic threat from a variety of external forces.
      d. All of the above
  6. The USA PATRIOT Act of 2001 did all of the following except:
      a. Loosened the requirements for surveillance of Americans
      b. Gave considerable power to immigration and customs personnel in their treatment of individuals at U.S. borders
      c. Mandated that all U.S. citizens between the ages of 18 and 25 serve at least two years in a branch of the U.S. military
      d. Imposed requirements on commercial transactions among individuals.
  7. Prior restraint happens when the government:
      a. Determines that material is obscene
      b. Prevents the publication of material
      c. Jails persons who might commit crimes before those acts are carried out
      d. None of the above
  8. In Near v. Minnesota, the state wanted to prohibit Jay Near from publishing a newspaper because it contained:
      a. Statements that criticized the state of Minnesota
      b. Anti-Semitic and pro–Ku Klux Klan sentiments
      c. Statements that advocated the violent overthrow of the federal government
      d. Messages that supported ISIL, ISIS, and Al Qaeda
  9. The government can limit speech when it:
      a. Offends someone
      b. Might lead to negative consequences
      c. Is likely lead to immediate illegal activity
      d. Inconveniences other people
  10. Which of the following actions is NOT an example of protected symbolic speech?
      a. Wearing a black armband at school to protest the War on Terror
      b. Refusing to stand to salute the American flag during class because of a religious objection to doing so
      c. Blockading the entrance to an abortion clinic
      d. Wearing a wristband that says “I [heart] boobies” to promote breast cancer awareness
  11. Which statement best describes the difference between libel and slander?
      a. Libel is written, while slander is spoken.
      b. Libel is spoken, while slander is written.
      c. Libel is written, while slander happens when someone posts an offensive picture online.
      d. Libel is spoken, while slander happens when someone posts an offensive picture online.
  12. The Supreme Court outlined the legal test that determines whether material is obscene in:
      a. Roe v. Wade
      b. Miller v. California
      c. Robinson v. California
      d. Baker v. Carr
  13. Someone who believes that states can support religion, provided all religions are treated equally believes in the:
      a. Wall of separation
      b. Accommodationist approach
      c. Miller test
      d. Lemon test
  14. Someone who believes that religion should be completely separate from government believes in the:
      a. Wall of separation
      b. Accommodationist approach
      c. Miller test
      d. Lemon test
  15. The Supreme Court held that the right to bear arms is an individual right in:
      a. Miller v. California
      b. Lawrence v. Texas
      c. Heller v. District of Columbia
      d. Kennedy v. Louisiana
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