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Chapter Quiz 1

  1. Article I of the U.S. Constitution is important because:
      a. It establishes a bicameral Congress
      b. It contains a list of the basic powers delegated to the national government
      c. It forbids the suspension of the writ of habeas corpus
      d. All of the above
  2. Article I, Section 8, paragraph 18 of the Constitution is often called the ______ clause.
      a. implied powers
      b. necessary and proper
      c. elastic
      d. All of the above
  3. In designing the Constitution, the Framers were greatly influenced by the writings of:
      a. Baron de Montesquieu
      b. Alexis de Tocqueville
      c. Immanuel Kant
      d. Adam Smith
  4. The Framers' concerns about democracy were reflected in the adoption of the principle of:
      a. Rule of law
      b. Republicanism
      c. Separation of powers
      d. Checks and balances
  5. Among current members of the U.S. Supreme Court, the “originalism” approach is most closely associated with the views of Justice ________ .
      a. Antonin Scalia
      b. Sonia Sotomayor
      c. Anthony Kennedy
      d. John Roberts
  6. The principle of “national supremacy” is based on:
      a. The Preamble
      b. The Declaration of Independence
      c. The Federalist Papers
      d. Article VI of the Constitution
  7. Which of the following was NOT the result of a constitutional amendment?
      a. Abolition of slavery
      b. Direct election of U.S. senators
      c. Prohibition of ex post facto laws
      d. Establishment of the right to bear arms
  8. The Federalist Papers was written by:
      a. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke
      b. James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay
      c. John Jay, Benjamin Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson
      d. George Washington, John Locke, and George Wilson
  9. Which of the following is NOT a potential flaw in the original Constitution that your text identifies?
      a. Equal representation for states in the Senate, even though states have vastly different populations.
      b. The continuation of the slave trade until 1808.
      c. A system of government that mixes a strong national government with that of robust state governments.
      d. Senators were not directly elected but were appointed by state legislatures.
  10. Which of the following documents was America's first constitution?
      a. The Articles of Confederation
      b. The Declaration of Independence
      c. The Magna Carta
      d. The Federalist Papers
  11. Which branch of government was the only one that existed under the Articles of Confederation?
      a. Legislative
      b. Judicial
      c. Executive
      d. Bureaucracy
  12. Which of the following were political crises at the time of the Constitutional Convention?
      a. The British had not relinquished control of the Northwest Territories along the Great Lakes, despite having been mandated to do so by the Treaty of Paris.
      b. Native American tribes were harassing settlers along the new nation's frontier.
      c. The economy was suffering from rampant inflation and high numbers of people going bankrupt and losing their farms.
      d. All of the above were political crises during this time period.
  13. Which of the following were economic problems at the time of the Constitutional Convention?
      a. Inflation
      b. The concentration of wealth in the hands of a few
      c. Corruption
      d. Limited production of goods and services for the global marketplace
  14. Which of the following individuals were notably absent from the Constitutional Convention?
      a. George Washington
      b. James Madison
      c. Thomas Jefferson
      d. Benjamin Franklin
  15. Which of the following were works that influenced the ways in which those who designed the Constitution thought about government?
      a. A Modest Proposal
      b. The Spirit of the Laws
      c. Declaration of the Rights of Women and the Female Citizen
      d. Candide
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