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Chapter Exam

  1. Which president advocated restrictions on the national government and then enlarged government when he became president?
      a. George Washington
      b. Thomas Jefferson
      c. Abraham Lincoln
      d. Theodore Roosevelt
  2. When was the first election in which the majority of Electoral College delegates were elected by popular vote in the states?
      a. 1800
      b. 1828
      c. 1860
      d. 1876
  3. Which president called for a “new engagement” between the president and Congress?
      a. John F. Kennedy
      b. Richard Nixon
      c. George H. W. Bush
      d. Bill Clinton
  4. All of the following are legislative accomplishments that happened under Barack Obama's presidency EXCEPT:
      a. Health care reform
      b. Passage of the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (START)
      c. A balanced budget
      d. Repeal of “Don't Ask, Don't Tell”
  5. Which of the following was a policy failure of both George W. Bush and Barack Obama?
      a. Health care reform
      b. Income tax reduction
      c. Welfare reform
      d. Immigration reform
  6. When a president exercises his or her power to pardon someone convicted of a crime, he or she is acting in the capacity of:
      a. Chief of staff
      b. Head of state
      c. Chief executive
      d. Chief legislator
  7. On which of the following issues is the Constitution silent?
      a. Removal of presidential appointees
      b. Powers of the national government
      c. Terms of office for Supreme Court justices
      d. All of the above
  8. Which of the following is an example of a president exercising executive privilege?
      a. Richard Nixon withholding documents from the independent counsel during the Watergate investigation
      b. Bill Clinton withholding documents from the independent counsel during the Whitewater investigation
      c. Barack Obama withholding documents from Congress during the investigation of “fast and furious”
      d. All of the above
  9. Which president stopped the practice of obtaining the advice of the Senate during treaty negotiations?
      a. George Washington
      b. Thomas Jefferson
      c. James Madison
      d. Andrew Jackson
  10. When the president nominates an ambassador to North Korea, he or she is engaging in the role of:
      a. Chief executive
      b. Chief diplomat
      c. Chief legislator
      d. Head of state
  11. Which branch of government has the power to declare war?
      a. Legislative
      b. Executive
      c. Judicial
      d. None of the above
  12. All of the following presidents have committed soldiers to foreign countries without first getting a declaration of war from Congress EXCEPT:
      a. Harry Truman
      b. John F. Kennedy
      c. George W. Bush
      d. James Madison
  13. The War Powers Resolution:
      a. Allows the president to send soldiers into battle for up to sixty days before having to get the consent of Congress
      b. Allows Congress to send soldiers into battle for an indefinite period of time
      c. Mandates that the president get permission from the Supreme Court before sending soldiers into battle
      d. None of the above
  14. As chief legislator, the president has all of the following powers EXCEPT:
      a. Convening one or both houses of Congress in a special session
      b. Giving the State of the Union address to Congress
      c. Recommending measures to Congress that are necessary and expedient
      d. Impeaching a Supreme Court justice
  15. Under ______, the president presents a proposed federal budget for congressional consideration.
      a. the Constitution
      b. the Budget and Accounting Act of 1921
      c. the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974
      d. the Line-Item Veto Act of 1996
  16. In Clinton v. City of New York, the Supreme Court declared which action unconstitutional?
      a. The legislative veto
      b. Signing statements
      c. The line-Item veto
      d. Executive privilege
  17. Which president has been the most aggressive about using signing statements?
      a. Abraham Lincoln
      b. Richard Nixon
      c. Ronald Reagan
      d. George W. Bush
  18. As president, Barack Obama elevated all of the following positions to the cabinet level EXCEPT:
      a. Administrator for the Environmental Protection Agency
      b. Director of Immigration and Customs Enforcement
      c. White House Chief of Staff
      d. Director of the Office of Management and Budget
  19. The Office of Management and Budget performs all of the following functions EXCEPT:
      a. Preparing the president's proposed budget
      b. Coordinating budget requests for the upcoming fiscal year from different federal agencies
      c. Advising the president on the full range of economic issues
      d. Requiring agencies that propose regulations with projected costs exceeding $100 million to justify the expense
  20. A situation in which the president's political capital decreases as his or her term progresses is known as:
      a. The “cycle of decreasing influence”
      b. Accumulation of precedent
      c. The “second-term blues”
      d. None of the above
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