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Study Guide Practice Quiz

  1. Gradual deterioration of high-level cognitive function is symptomatic of:
      a. Epilepsy
      b. Bipolar disorder
      c. Dementia
      d. Multiple Scelrosis
  2. Researchers combined fMRI and PET imagining to compare _____ in areas affected by amyloid plaques.
      a. Brain structure
      b. Functional connectivity
      c. Neurotransmitter function
      d. Brain oscillations
  3. Alzheimer's disease risk can be lowered through:
      a. Social activity
      b. Physical activity
      c. Mental Activity
      d. All of the above
  4. Semantic dementia involves the loss of:
      a. Concrete word knowledge
      b. Abstract conceptual knowlsedge
      c. Episodic memory
      d. Short-term memory
  5. Abstract conceptual knowledge can be disrupted in _____ dementia.
      a. Early-onset
      b. Behavioral variant frontotemporal
      c. Semantic
      d. Alzheimer's
  6. Huntington's disease often does not manifest until a person is in the late:
      a. 50s
      b. 70s
      c. Teens
      d. 30s
  7. Huntington's disease can produce personality changes, similar to ______ dementia.
      a. Frontotemporal
      b. Early-onset
      c. Semantic
      d. Alzheimer's
  8. The effect size (predictive value) of a single genetic mutation for determining if an individual will develop specific neurological deficits is similar to the effect size of:
      a. Traumatic brain injuries
      b. Heredity
      c. Diet and exercise
      d. All of the above
  9. Tourette syndrome is classified as primarily a _____.
      a. Speech disorder
      b. Dementia
      c. Language Disorder
      d. Movement disorder
  10. Tourette syndrome often arises during:
      a. Childhood
      b. Early adulthood
      c. Middle age
      d. Older adulthood
  11. Some individuals can develop lasting symptoms of Tourette syndrome or obsessive-compulsive disorder through exposure to:
      a. Streptococcus pneumoniae
      b. Group B streptococcus
      c. Group A streptococcus
      d. All of the above
  12. Treatment for Tourette syndrome includes educating the ____ about the nature of the disorder.
      a. Patient
      b. Patient's family
      c. Patient's friends
      d. All of the above
  13. Typical obsessions in individuals with OCD are related to _____ fears.
      a. Common
      b. Rational
      c. Irrational
      d. Straightforward
  14. Brain images collected during an MRI scan can be processed to determine the size of various structures using a technique called:
      a. Microdialysis
      b. Lesion tracing
      c. Resting state analysis
      d. Voxel-based morphometry
  15. Exposure and response prevention is most appropriate for treating individuals with:
      a. Alzheimer's disease
      b. Obsessive-compulsive disorder
      c. Frontotemporal dementia
      d. Semantic dementia
  16. Perceptual disturbances, which can be auditory, visceral, olfactory, or visual, are called:
      a. Psychosis
      b. Thought disorder
      c. Hallucinations
      d. Delusions
  17. Dramatic thinking of grey matter in the cortex is associated with which disorder?
      a. Major depressive disorder
      b. Huntington's disease
      c. Hallucinations
      d. Schizophrenia
  18. Which of the following is observed in those with schizophrenia?
      a. Demyelination in the frontal lobes
      b. Reduced hippocampal volumes
      c. Reduced grey matter in the visual cortex
      d. Enlarged amygdalas
  19. What type if medication, other than lithium, is also effective at treating bipolar disorder?
      a. Antidepressants
      b. Benzodiazepines
      c. Anti-seizure medications
      d. Anxiolytics
  20. What percentage of the global population, at any given time, meets the criteria for a diagnosis of depression?
      a. 10%
      b. 8%
      c. 2%
      d. 5%
  21. According to the study by Caspi et al. (2003), which combination of the 5HT transporter allele, mixed with stressful life events, is correlated with higher probability of depression?
      a. Long/long
      b. Short/short
      c. Short/long
      d. The 5HT transporter allele is not correlated with depression
  22. In the context of depression, what is the job of the subgenual cingulate?
      a. It allows communication between the hippocampus and the cortex
      b. It allows communication between the thalamus and the cortex
      c. It allows communication between the amygdala and the thalamus
      d. It allows communication between the amygdala and the cortex
  23. Cognitive behavioral therapy is usually about as effective as:
      a. No treatment
      b. Placebos
      c. Medication
      d. Somatic therapy
  24. The oldest class of drugs for treating depression is:
      a. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
      b. selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
      c. Lithium
      d. Dopamine agonists
  25. The large variation in the mechanisms affected by different antidepressants suggests large variation in:
      a. The ability of drug companies to patent medications
      b. Patients access to a particular drug
      c. The underlying cause of the neurological disorder in individuals
      d. All of the above
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