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Chapter 05

Using illustrations: notated music, pictures, tables, and other visual representations

This chapter raises the questions you should ask yourself in deciding whether and how to use illustrations in your writing or in a spoken presentation. It addresses the issues that arise with different types of illustrations, and gives advice on signaling and labeling them.

To see a sample from this chapter, click here.

Cross references from Music in Words

Just one issue is cross referenced from this chapter - the difficult question of copyright.

Copyright law applies differently to different media (print, recorded music, film, and so on). Furthermore the regulations sometimes change because of new legislation or agreements between international copyright organisations. This is a complex area, but the US Copyright Office, the Canadian Intellectual Property Office, and the European Copyright Office have constructed clear and helpful sets of guidelines on their websites.

US Copyright Office

Canadian Intellectual Property Office

European Copyright Office

Helpful external Web sites

The Library of Congress provides links to a wide range of photographs and other images, especially relating to American culture.

The Smithsonian Institution is the world's largest museum and has several research centres which include music. It is a rich resource for images. Typing 'music' in the search box will take you to a selection of relevant sites.

The ongoing RIdIM project is dedicated to identifying images relevant to music, cataloguing them, and establishing a framework for investigating and understanding them. The RIdIM site provides a number of useful links for music iconography.

Chapter bibliography

Evans, H., and M. Evans, compilers. Picture Researcher's Handbook: An International Guide to Picture Sources and How to Use Them. 7th ed. Leatherhead, UK: Pira International, 2001.

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