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World Architecture

A Cross-Cultural History

Second Edition

Richard Ingersoll

Publication Date - 09 July 2018

ISBN: 9780190646455

1008 pages
8-1/2 x 11 inches

In Stock

A chronological and geographic introduction to the world's greatest architecture.


Richard Ingersoll's World Architecture: A Cross-Cultural History, Second Edition, provides the most comprehensive and contemporary survey in the field. Each chapter within the text's chronological organization focuses on three unique architectural cultures, giving instructors the flexibility to choose which traditions are the most relevant to their courses. The text also provides students with numerous pedagogical tools, including timelines, comparative maps, a glossary, and text boxes devoted to social factors and specific issues in technology and philosophy. The result is a compendious method for understanding and appreciating the history, cultural significance, beauty, and diversity of architecture from around the world.

New to this Edition

  • An enhanced visual program features 235 new images and photographs, including interior shots and improved maps and building plans
  • An extended box program explores new contextual topics like gender and folklore in addition to the prior edition's coverage of religion, philosophy, culture, and technology
  • An expanded open-access Companion Website including an array of popular learning resources like chapter summaries, self exams, and Google Maps links to key structures
  • A list of UNESCO world heritage sites referenced in the book


  • Stunning full-color visuals: More than 800 color photographs, hundreds of original graphics, architectural drawings, and maps, and meticulous diagrams demonstrate how classic buildings were created
  • Helpful learning and study tools: New timelines, chapter introductions, text boxes with fascinating case studies, bibliographies, review questions, and a glossary help students identify key information and better prepare them for exams and class assignments

About the Author(s)

Richard Ingersoll teaches courses in Renaissance and contemporary art, architecture, and urbanism at Syracuse University in Florence, Italy.


"This book offers a rigorous and multicultural understanding of the chronological time frame. It has a great value, especially in the way it historically addresses the importance of both vernacular and indigenous architectural production." --Pasquale De Paola, Louisiana Tech University

"World Architecture, Second Edition, is the first text to offer both the required global coverage and the rigor that I apply in the classroom. It allows me to teach the class along roughly chronological lines without imposing a western narrative on the entire history of architecture." --Julia Walker, Binghamton University

Table of Contents


    Chapter 1 Prehistory
    1.1 ARCHITECTURE as a SECOND NATURE: Sacred Caves and Primitive Huts
    1.2 VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE: A Language of Mud, Logs, Hides, and Stones
    1.3 MEGALITHS and STONE CIRCLES: Building as Memory

    Chapter 2 3000-1500 bce
    2.1 CITIES of MESOPOTAMIA: Mud, Gods, and Urbanism
    2.2 OLD KINGDOM EGYPT: Architecture for the Afterlife
    2.3 THE INDUS VALLEY: Cities without Monuments

    Chapter 3 1500-750 bce
    3.1 THE AEGEAN in the BRONZE AGE: Labyrinths and Cyclopean Walls
    3.2 NEW KINGDOM EGYPT: Axial Temples and Colossal Statues
    3.3 BIBLICAL JERUSALEM: Architecture and Memory

    Chapter 4 700-200 bce
    4.1 SOUTHWEST ASIA and ACHAEMENID PERSIA: A Cycle of Empires
    4.2 THE GREEK CITY-STATE: Classical Architecture at the Acropolis and the Agora
    4.3 MAURYAN INDIA: Emblems of Peace in Stone

    Chapter 5 200 bce-300 ce
    5.1 ANCIENT ROME: Governing through Architecture
    5.2 ANCIENT CHINA: The Pivot of the Cosmos in Mud and Wood
    5.3 ANCIENT MEXICO: Pyramids and Sacrifice

    Chapter 6 300-600
    6.1 EARLY CHRISTIAN ITALY: The Inward Orientation of the Church
    6.2 BYZANTIUM: The Dome as an Act of Faith
    6.3 GUPTA INDIA: Rock-Cut Architecture and the Art of Subtraction

    Chapter 7 600-800
    7.1 THE SPREAD of ISLAM: Hypostyle Mosques and Soaring Minarets
    7.2 TANG CHINA and EAST ASIA: Gridded Capitals and Lofty Pagodas
    7.3 THE MAYA of CENTRAL AMERICA: Reproducing the Mountain of Creation

    Chapter 8 800-1200
    8.1 SOUTHEAST ASIA and SOUTHERN INDIA: Lived-in Models of Cosmic Order
    8.2 ISLAMIC SPAIN and MOROCCO: Interlacing Forms in al-Andalus and the Maghreb
    8.3 WESTERN EUROPE after the ROMAN EMPIRE: Monks, Knights, and Pilgrims

    Chapter 9 1200-1350
    9.1 THE MERCANTILE MEDITERRANEAN: New Facades for Old Cities
    9.2 GOTHIC EUROPE: The Fabric of the Great Cathedrals
    9.3 SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA: Living Architecture

    Chapter 10 1350-1500
    10.1 HUMANIST ITALY: Public Spaces and Private Palaces of the Renaissance
    10.2 EASTERN EUROPE: From the Spirit of Wood to the Conventions of Masonry
    10.3 PRE-CONTACT AMERICA: Empires of the Sun

    Chapter 11 1500-1600
    11.1 CHINA after 1000: The Mandate of Heaven Made to Last
    11.2 THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE: A Culture of Local Symmetries
    11.3 PAPAL ROME: The Fountainhead of Renaissance Classicism

    Chapter 12 1600-1700
    12.1 ISLAMIC REALMS in CENTRAL ASIA: The Dome of Power, the Garden of Paradise
    12.2 CATHOLIC EUROPE: The Settings of Absolutism
    12.3 EDO JAPAN: Isolation from the World, Integration with Nature

    Chapter 13 1700-1750
    13.1 PROTESTANT EUROPE: An Architecture of Essentials
    13.2 THE DIFFUSION of the BAROQUE: Life as Theater
    13.3 THE AMERICAN COLONIES: Domination and Liberty on the Grid

    Chapter 14 1750-1800
    14.1 THE PICTURESQUE: Landscapes of the Informal, the Exotic, and the Sublime
    14.2 ENLIGHTENMENT EUROPE: Theory, Revolution, and Architecture
    14.3 INDUSTRY AND PUNISHMENT: Factories and Warehouses, Prisons and Workhouses

    Chapter 15 1800-1850
    15.1 AFTER the REVOLUTION: The Ideological Uses of Neoclassicism
    15.2 THE GOTHIC REVIVAL: Antimodern and Proto-Nationalist
    15.3 THE NEW IRON AGE: The Spread of Metal and Glass Technologies

    Chapter 16 1850-1890
    16.1 THE RISE of the METROPOLIS: Urbanism and the New Scale of Architecture
    16.2 LIFESTYLES and HOUSE FORM: Apartments, Row Houses, Bungalows, and Utopias
    16.3 THE BEAUX-ARTS: Eclecticism and Professionalism

    Chapter 17 1890-1920
    17.1 ARTS and CRAFTS: Design and the Dignity of Labor
    17.2 THE TWILIGHT of WESTERN IMPERIALISM: Monuments to the White Man's Burden
    17.3 ART NOUVEAU and the SEARCH for MODERN FORM: Architecture without Precedents

    Chapter 18 1920-1940
    18.1 AMERICAN SKYSCRAPERS and AUTOMOBILES: Mass Production Meets Individualism
    18.2 EUROPEAN MODERNISMS: A Dialogue between Form and Function
    18.3 TOTALITARIAN SETTINGS in MODERN EUROPE: Architecture as Propaganda

    Chapter 19 1940-1970
    19.1 THE INTERNATIONAL STYLE and the ADVENT of the WELFARE STATE: Modernism Becomes Conventional
    19.2 THE BIRTH of the THIRD WORLD: Experiments in Postcolonial Architecture
    19.3 THE EXPRESSIONIST RESURGENCE: Hybrids amid Mass Culture

    Chapter 20 After 1970
    20.1 POSTMODERN MOVEMENTS: Populism, Radicalism, and Irony
    20.2 MULTINATIONAL PRATICE: Globalization, High Tech, and Hypertecture
    20.3 TOWARD an ECOLOGICAL WORLDVIEW: Architecture and the Anthropocene