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Edited by Lawrence Freedman

Publication Date - 26 May 1994

ISBN: 9780192892546

400 pages


War, despite its indisputably horrific nature, has shaped the international system, prompted social and technological change, and inspired the arts. This insightful book captures fully the ubiquitous and multifaceted character of war, featuring accounts by generals, soldiers, historians, strategists, and poets, who consider conflicts from the Napoleonic Wars to Bosnia. Firsthand accounts vividly evoke the French infantry experience at Waterloo, a Union-Confederate skirmish at Gettysburg, the reflections of a German seaman at Jutland, one civilian's impressions of the Blitz, the trials of a Japanese doctor in the wake of the Atom Bomb's obliteration of Nagasaki, the confusion of Vietnam, and more. A broad range of questions are addressed: What are the causes of war? Which strategic as well as moral principles guide its conduct, and how have these changed? Has total war become unthinkable? What is the nature of contemporary conflict? How is war experienced by those on the front line? With contributions by leading scholars, and edited by one the most oft-quoted and prolific of military experts, this reader offers a deeper and more comprehensive understanding of one of humankind's oldest and most controversial preoccupations.

About the Author(s)

Lawrence Freeman is Professor of War Studies, Kings College, London. He is frequently interviewed about war issues and writes regularly for The Times.

Table of Contents

    General Introduction, Law
    A. The Experience of War
    Introduction, Michael Dockrill
    1. A Royal Naval Rating at the Battle of Trafalgar, 1805
    2. A French Infantryman at Waterloo, 18 June 1815
    3. A Union-Confederate Infantry Skirmish at Gettysburg, 1863
    4. A British Soldier Fighting the Mahdists in the Sudan, 1885
    5. A German Seaman at the Battle of Jutland, June 1916
    6. An Infantry Officer at the Battle of the Somme, July 1916, B. H. Liddell Hart
    7. A Spanish Republican Official at the Siege of Madrid, November 1936, Arturo Barea
    8. The Collapse of the Franco-British-Belgian Armies in Belgium, May 1940, Sir Henry Pownall
    9. Living Through the Blitz, 1940, Tom Harrison
    10. The Destruction of Two U-Boats, March 1941, Donald MacIntyre
    11. Defeat In The Battle of Alamein, November 1942, Field Marshall Rommel
    12. The End of the Warsaw Ghetto, January 1943
    13. Bombing Duisburg, October 1944, Miles Tripp
    14. A Doctor at Nagasaki, August 1945, Tatsuichiro Akizuki
    15. China Enters the Korean War, November 1950, Max Hastings
    16. President Kennedy and the Cuban Crisis
    17. The Fresh Kill, Vietnam 1967, Davidson Loehr
    18. Attacking the Sir Galahad, June 1982, Pablo Carballo
    19. On the Sir Galahad, Martin Middlebrook
    20. Covering Grenada, Ed Cody
    21. A Soviet Soldier Defects, Afghanistan 1983, Artyom Borovik
    22. The Start of Desert Storm, January 1991
    23. Ethnic Cleansing in Bosnia, June 1992, Vanessa Vasic Janekovic
    B. The Causes of War
    Introduction, Efraim Karsh
    24. Definitions of War, Quincy Wright
    25. Man, the State, and War, Kenneth Waltz
    26. Biological and Psychological Roots, Raymond Aron
    27. Geopolitics, Saul B. Cohen
    28. WHy Men Fight, Martin Van Creveld
    29. Four Kinds of War, Ibn Khaldun
    30. Wars of Gain, Fear, and Doctrine, Martin Wright
    31. Hegemonic War and the International Change, Robert Gilpin
    32. Socialism and War, Vladimir Lenin
    33. Structural Factors, Seyom Brown
    34. Liberal States and War, Michael W. Doyle
    C. War and the Military Establishment
    Introduction, Christopher Dandeker
    35. States and Military Power in Social Theory, A. Giddens
    36. The Bureaucratization of Force, C. Dandeker
    37. The Military Professional, M. Janowitz
    38. The Military and Politics, A. Vagts
    39. Mass Armed Forces in Decline, Philippe Manigart
    40. Feminism's War with War, Jean Blshtain
    41. Armed FOrces in a Warless Society, Charles C. Moskos
    42. Desertion in the American Civil War, Brian Holden Reid and John White
    43. Undermining German Morale, Edward Shils and Morris Janowitz
    44. Military Cohesion, N. Kinzer Stewart
    D. The Ethics of War
    Introduction, Barrie Paskins
    45. Two Poems, Wilfred Owen, Herbert Read
    46. The Pacifism of Absolute Principle, John Yodor
    47. Pacific-ism, Martin Ceadel
    48. Six Principles of Political Realism, Hans Morgenthau
    49. Why Bush Went to War, Lawrence Freedman and Efraim Karsh
    50. Sieges, Michael Walzer
    51. The Trial of Adolf Eichmann, Hannah Arendt
    52. Barrie Paskins The Responsiblities of Defense Scientists
    53. Just-War Doctrine and Revolutionary War, W. V. O'Brien
    54. Intervention, J. E. Hare and Carey B. Joynt
    55. Vietnam and Nuremburg, Paul C. Warnke
    E. Strategy
    Introduction, Beatrice Heuser and Lawrence Freedman
    56. The Logic of Strategy, Edward Luttwak
    57. The Dimensions of Strategy, Michael Howard
    58. The Strategy of Conflict, Thomas Schelling
    59. Key Concepts, Carl Von Clausewitz
    60. Strategy and Grand Tactics, Baron De Jomini
    61. Maxims, Napoleon
    62. Doctrines of War, Helmuth Von Moltke
    63. Moral Elements in Battle, Charles Ardant Du Picq
    64. Command of the Sea, Julian Corbett
    65. Command of the Air, Giulio Douhet
    66. The Indirect Approach, B. H. Liddell Hart
    67. Blitzkrieg, F. Miksche
    68. Soviet Strategy, V. D. Sokolovsky
    69. A Strategy of Deterrence, A. Beaufre
    70. The Threat that Leaves Something to Chance, Thomas Schelling
    F. Total War and the Great Powers
    Introduction, Brian Holden Reid and Lawrence Freedman
    71. The Military Revolution, Geoffrey Parker
    72. Total War, Ian F. W. Beckett
    73. Crimean Illusions, Andrew Lambert
    74. Restraints on Land War, Geoffrey Best
    75. The Tactical Offensive in France, Douglas Porch
    76. The Secrets of Overlord, Stephen E. Ambrose
    77. The Image of the Japenese, Christopher Thorne
    78. The Strategy of Blockade, Colin Gray
    79. The Evolution of Air Power, David Macisaac
    80. US Objectives with Respect to Russia
    81. Disarmament and the Balance of Power, Hedley Bull
    82. Instability in Europe After the Cold War, John Mearsheimer
    G. Limited War and Developing Countries
    Introduction, Martin Navias and Timothy Moreman
    83. Small Wars, C. E. Calwell
    84. Imperial Policing, Charles W. Gwynn
    85. Savage Warfare, L. J. Shadwell
    86. Mao's Military Principles
    87. The Character of Guerilla Warfare, Walter Laqueur
    88. General Giap on Dien Phu and Tet, Stanley Karnow
    89. The Failure of the Multi-National Force: Lebanon, 1983-4, John Mackinlay
    90. Limited War and Korea, Robert E. Osgood
    91. Pacification and Attrition in Vietnam, Richard A. Hunt
    92. Surprise in October 1973, Michael Handel
    93. Limited War and Korea, Robert E. Osgood
    94. The Impact of Arms Sales, Andrew Pierre
    95. Nuclear Weapons: More May Be Better, Kenneth Waltz
    96. The Future of Low-Intensity War, Martin Van Creveld
    97. Weak States and the West, Lawrence Freedman
    Select Bibliography
    Biographical Notes

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