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Understanding Rheology

Faith A. Morrison

Publication Date - February 2001

ISBN: 9780195141665

560 pages
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

Retail Price to Students: $214.99


Rheology--the study of the deformation and flow of matter--deals primarily with the stresses generated during the flow of complex materials including polymers, colloids, foams, and gels. A rapidly growing and industrially important field, it plays a significant role in polymer processing, food processing, coating and printing, and many other manufacturing processes.

Designed as a main text for advanced undergraduate- or graduate-level courses in rheology or polymer rheology, Understanding Rheology is also an ideal self-teaching guide for practicing engineers and scientists who find rheological principles applicable to their work. Covering the most important aspects of elementary modern rheology, this detailed and accessible text opens with an introduction to the field and then provides extensive background chapters on vector and tensor operations and Newtonian fluid mechanics. It continues with coverage of such topics as:

* Standard Flows for Rheology
* Material Functions
* Experimental Observations
* Generalized Newtonian Fluids
* Generalized Linear-Viscoelastic Fluids
* Nonlinear Constitutive Equations
* Rheometry, including rheo-optics

Understanding Rheology incorporates helpful pedagogical aids including numerous problems for each chapter, many worked examples, and an extensive glossary. It also contains useful appendices on nomenclature, mathematical tools, predictions of constitutive equations, and birefringence.

Table of Contents

    1. Introduction: How Much Do I Need to Learn about Rheology?
    1.1. Shear Thinning/Shear Thickening
    1.2. Yield Stress
    1.3. Elastic/Viscoelastic Effects
    1.4. Rheology as Spectroscopy
    1.5. Process Modeling
    2. Vector and Tensor Operations
    2.1. Scalars
    2.2. Vectors
    2.3. Tensors
    2.4. Differential Operations with Vectors and Tensors
    2.5. Curvilinear Coordinates
    2.6. Vector and Tensor Integral Theorems
    2.7. Problems
    3. Newtonian Fluid Mechanics
    3.1. Conservation of Mass
    3.2. Conservation of Momentum
    3.3. The Newtonian Constitutive Equation
    3.4. The Navier-Stokes Equation
    3.5. Example Flow Problems: Incompressible Newtonian Fluids
    3.6. Problems
    4. Standard Flows for Rheology
    4.1. Introduction
    4.2. Simple Shear Flow
    4.3. Simple Shear-Free (Elongational) Flows
    4.4. Forms of the Stress Tensor in Standard Flows
    4.5. Measuring Stresses in Standard Flows
    4.6. Problems
    5. Material Functions
    5.1. Introduction and Definitions
    5.2. Shear Flow
    5.3. Elogational Flow
    5.4. Problems
    6. Experimental Data
    6.1. Steady Shear Flow
    6.2. Unsteady Shear FLow
    6.3. Steady Elongational Flow
    6.4. Unsteady Elongational Flow
    6.5. Summary
    6.6. Problems
    7. No Memory: Generalized Newtonian Fluids
    7.1. Constitutive Constraints
    7.2. The GNF Constitutive Equation
    7.3. Material Function Predictions
    7.4. Example Flow Problems: Power-Law Generalized Newtonian Fluid
    7.5. Limitations on GNF Models
    8. Memory Effects: Generalized Linear-Visoelastic Fluids
    8.1. Memory Effects
    8.2. The Maxwell Models
    8.3. The GLVE Constitutive Equation
    8.4. Example Flow Problems: GLVE Fluid
    8.5. Limitations on the GLVE Model
    8.6. Problems
    9. Introduction to More Advanced Constitutive Modeling
    9.1. Finite Strain Measures
    9.2. Lodge Equation
    9.3. Convected Derivatives
    9.4. Other Constitutive Approaches
    9.5. Problems
    10. Rheometry
    10.1. Shear Flow
    10.2. Elongational Flows
    10.3. Flow Birefringence
    10.4. Summary
    10.5. Problems
    A. Nomenclature
    B. Glossary
    C. Mathemats
    C1. Math Hints
    C2. Differential Operations in Curvlinear Coordinates
    C3. Projection of a Plane
    C4. Finite Deformation Tensors in Curvlinear Coordinates
    C5. Coordinate Transformations of Orthonormal Bases
    C6. Finding Principal Values
    C7. Contravariant/Covariant Transformations of Tensors
    C8. Problems--Mathematics Appendix
    D. Predictions of Constitutive Equations
    E. Optics of Birefringence
    E1. Light in a Vacuum
    E2. Light in an Isotropic Medium
    E3. Light in an Anisotropic Medium
    E4. Summary
    E5. Problems

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