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Cover

Themes in Roman Society and Culture

An Introduction to Ancient Rome

Second Edition

Edited by Matt Gibbs, Milorad Nikolic, and Pauline Ripat

Publication Date - January 2021

ISBN: 9780199029976

544 pages
Paperback

Description

Focused on the period 200 BCE to 200 CE, this contributed volume provides a thematic introduction to the social aspects of ancient Rome - its composition, institutions, structures, and cultural products - and challenges students to consider Roman society as more than a series of chronological events.

Features

  • Innovative thematic approach introduces students to Rome's vibrant social and cultural history while also challenging them to consider its complex relationships, dynamics, structures, and beliefs outside of a chronological timeline.
  • Written and edited by Canadian researchers and scholars, offering students a relevant assessment of current Roman scholarship.
  • Historical timelines at the beginning of select chapters ensure students have a grasp of Rome's chronological history before exploring topics thematically.
  • Distinctive coverage of non-traditional topics-such as gender and sexuality, technology, and economy-asks students to consider aspects of Roman history not typically covered in other textbooks.
  • Primary Source boxes provide excerpts of translated documents from the period, offering students an enriched perspective on a variety of topics.
  • Political History boxes outline political events and their effect on Roman society and culture in relation to chapter themes.

About the Author(s)

Matt Gibbs, Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities, MacEwan University,Milorad Nikolic, Associate Professor, Department of Classics, Memorial University of Newfoundland,Pauline Ripat, Associate Professor, Department of Classics, University of Winnipeg

Matt Gibbs is an assistant professor in the Department of Humanities at MacEwan University.

Milorad Nikolic is an associate professor in the Department of Classics at Memorial University.

Pauline Ripat is an associate professor in the Department of Classics at the University of Winnipeg.

Table of Contents

    Preface and Acknowledgements to the Second Edition
    Contributors
    A Note to the Reader
    Introduction
    1. The Development of Roman Social History
    Pauline Ripat
    Introduction
    The Development of Social History
    Social History and Classics
    Social History and the Classics: Debates and Problems
    Social History and This Volume
    Summary
    Questions for Review and Discussion
    Suggested Reading
    Notes
    2. A Summary of Roman History
    Matt Gibbs, Milorad Nikolic, and Andrew Sherwood
    Introduction
    Early Rome: Legends and Kings
    The Early Republic (508-287 BCE)
    The Middle Republic (287-133 BCE)
    The Late Republic (133-31 BCE)
    Augustus
    The Julio-Claudians (14-68 CE)
    The Flavians (69-96 CE)
    From Nerva to the Antonines (96-192 CE)
    The Severans (193-235 CE)
    "Military Anarchy," or "Crisis of the Third Century" (235-284 CE), and Tetrarchy (293-313 CE)
    Summary
    Questions for Review and Discussion
    Suggested Reading
    Notes
    3. Roman Government in the Republic and Early Empire
    John Vanderspoel
    Introduction
    The Voting Assemblies
    The Senate and Senators
    The Elected Officials of the State
    The Imperial Period and Beyond
    Summary
    Questions for Review and Discussion
    Suggested Reading
    Note
    4. The Roman Army
    Conor Whately
    Introduction
    The Composition of the Roman Army
    Professionalization and the Roman Army
    Warfare
    War: The Aftermath
    The Army and Society
    The Army as Distinct Society
    Summary
    Questions for Review and Discussion
    Suggested Reading
    Notes
    5. Class and Status
    Pauline Ripat
    Introduction
    Terms
    Class and Status: Changes over Time
    Mobility
    Did Class and Status Matter?
    The Persistence of Hierarchy
    Summary
    Questions for Review and Discussion
    Suggested Reading
    Notes
    6. The Roman Household
    Alison Jeppesen-Wigelsworth
    Introduction
    Terms, Concepts, and the Shape of the Roman Family
    Household Members and Relationships
    The Physical House
    Summary
    Questions for Review and Discussion
    Suggested Reading
    Notes
    7. Roman Slavery
    Leslie J. Shumka
    Introduction
    Definitions
    The Roman Slave Supply
    The Lives of Slaves
    The Longevity of Roman Slavery
    Summary
    Questions for Review and Discussion
    Suggested Reading
    Notes
    8. Roman Sexuality and Gender
    Kelly Olson
    Introduction
    Literary Sources
    Prudery and Expurgation
    Terminology
    Gender Identity versus Sexual Orientation
    The Phallus
    Female Sexuality
    Sexual Scenes
    Same-Sex Couplings: Men
    Same-Sex Couplings: Women
    Sexuality and the Law: Stuprum and Rape
    Summary
    Questions for Review and Discussion
    Suggested Reading
    Notes
    9. Education in the Roman World
    Fanny Dolansky
    Introduction
    "Letters are a Good Start to Life."
    Beyond the Basics: Grammaticê, Rhetoric, and Vocational Training
    "A proper education is the source and root of all goodness."
    Summary
    Questions for Review and Discussion
    Suggested Reading
    Notes
    10. Latin Literature
    Luke Roman
    Introduction
    Defining "Literature"
    Chronology
    Greece and Rome
    Literature and the Roman Elite
    Tradition, Intertextuality, and Decline
    Summary
    Questions for Review and Discussion
    Suggested Reading
    Notes
    11. Art and Architecture
    Beth Munro
    Introduction
    Defining "Roman-ness"
    Augustan Rome: Image of an Empire
    Imperial Dynasties and Dominance
    Responses to Economic and Social Change
    Summary
    Questions for Review and Discussion
    Suggested Reading
    Notes
    12. Religion at Rome
    Andreas Bendlin
    Introduction
    Practice, Belief, and Divinity: Some Salient Features of Religion at Rome
    Civic Religion
    From Roman Religion to Religion at Rome
    Summary
    Questions for Review and Discussion
    Suggested Reading
    Notes
    13. Crime, Criminal Law, and Order
    Benjamin Kelly
    Introduction
    "Crime" in the Roman World
    Courts, Justice, and Terror
    Roman "Policing Officials"
    Self-Help
    Summary
    Questions for Review and Discussion
    Suggested Reading
    Notes
    14. Entertainment in the Roman World
    Michael Carter
    Introduction
    Public Entertainment
    The Political Importance of Entertainment Spectacles
    Summary
    Questions for Review and Discussion
    Suggested Reading
    Notes
    15. Health and Well-Being in the Roman World
    Tana Allen
    Introduction
    Designing Healthy Cities
    Food and Nutrition
    Disease and Illness
    Patterns of Disease
    Greek Medicine and Medical Treatments in Rome
    Baths and Bathing in Roman Life
    Concerning Demography
    Summary
    Questions for Review and Discussion
    Suggested Reading
    Notes
    16. The Economy
    Matt Gibbs
    Introduction
    Evidence and Theory
    The Transformation of the "Roman Economy"
    Public and Private Economies?
    Slaves and Freedpersons in Roman Economies
    Land and Property
    Taxation
    Production and Trade
    Summary
    Questions for Review and Discussion
    Suggested Reading
    Notes
    17. Roman Technology and Engineering
    Milorad Nikolic
    Introduction
    Terminology and Transfer of Knowledge
    Technology Assimilated
    Roads and Bridges
    Water Transport
    Concrete
    Water Supply
    Instruments
    Sources of Energy
    The People behind the Works
    Summary
    Questions for Review and Discussion
    Suggested Reading
    Notes
    18. The Reception of the Roman World
    Craig Maynes
    Introduction
    Continuity and the "Classical Tradition"
    Republicanism, Imperialism, Fascism
    Popular Reception of the Roman World
    The Romans on Film
    The Romans on Television
    The Romans in Video Games
    Summary
    Questions for Review and Discussion
    Suggested Reading
    Notes
    Conclusion
    Appendix: Resources for Students
    Glossary
    Index