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Cover

The Visual Arts of Africa

Gender, Power, and Life Cycle Rituals

Second Edition

Fred T. Smith and Judith Perani

Publication Date - May 2022

ISBN: 9780190601676

480 pages
Paperback
7 x 10 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $89.95

A comprehensive introduction to African art, from ancient roots through contemporary expression

Description

The Visual Arts of Africa: Gender, Power, and Life Cycle Rituals presents a broad geographical coverage of the rich, diverse art traditions found on the vast continent of Africa. It is designed for single-semester survey courses on African Art, and can also be used as part of a survey of global art course. Beginning with North Africa and the Sahara and ending with South Africa, the book introduces students to major art traditions ranging from important ancient, archaeological finds to the work of artists active today, both those working with received traditions as well as those trained in Western institutions.

The book's organization is based on a geographical approach, allowing for art works to be situated within the particular historical and cultural contexts of the different geographical regions of Africa. For each major geographical region, a selection of early documented art works to more recent art traditions are examined. Throughout the text the authors give special attention to the important themes of gender, power, and life cycle rituals that frequently intersect with one another to inform an understanding of the arts of Africa.

New to this Edition

  • "New Directions" section at the end of every chapter that discusses 20th-c. African artists
  • Chapter 13 on Contemporary African Art, by contributor Joseph Underwood, explores the various ways in which changes in material, concepts, and media have affected African artists in the 21st century
  • New chapter on Northern Africa (Chapter 1). This means that now the book covers the entire continent of Africa.
  • Revised and updated Chapter 5 on the Asante People of the Ivory Coast and Ghana by a new contributor, Martha J. Ehrlich
  • A lot more women artists and their works are represented in this edition.

Features

  • Compact but comprehensive: coverage from early documented works to contemporary expressions in a variety of media, including sculpture, pottery, architecture, wall and body painting, textiles, beadwork, leatherwork, and basketry
  • Full color reproductions of artworks
  • Geographical organization
  • Examines important themes of gender, power, and life cycle rituals

About the Author(s)

Judith Perani, Professor Emerita, taught Art History at Ohio University, where she was also a member of the African Studies program.

Fred T. Smith, Professor Emeritus of Art History at Kent State University holds an MA in Anthropology from UCLA and a PhD in Art History from Indiana University, Bloomington.

Reviews

"This is a lucid text, very reader friendly for the college student who does not want overtly dense material but still wants to be richly and adequately educated on the art traditions of the continent." - Aderonke Adesanna, James Madison University

"The Visual Arts of Africa touches on the most important points that my course addresses succinctly but with enough information to generate discussion on a range of issues that are essential to the beginning student of African art." - Elisabeth L. Roark, Chatham University

Table of Contents

    Contents

    Preface
    Acknowledgments
    Map of Africa
    Timeline


    INTRODUCTION
    Africa
    Pre-Colonial and Colonial Periods
    Geography
    People
    Kinship
    Social and Religious Associations
    Cosmology and Religion
    Sacred Space
    Systems of Government in Africa
    The Slave Trade and Colonialis
    m
    The Study of African Art
    Style
    Creativity and Aesthetics
    Masquerade
    Dress

    The Artist
    Art Patrons
    Color, Painting and Pigments
    Cloth, Textiles and Weaving
    Design Techniques, Dyes and Patterns
    Artistic Techniques

    Pottery
    Mud Architecture
    Leather Working
    Iron Working
    Lost Wax Techniques
    Wood Carving
    Basketry

    Ecology and the African Landscape: African Artists Respond to Natural and Man-made Change
    The Northern and Southern Hemispheres
    Examples of Global Warming and Deforestation in Africa
    African Artists Respond

    Postcolonial African Art
    Contemporary African Art

    Contemporary African Embroidery and Tapestry
    Power, Race, and Protest: African American Voices



    CHAPTER 1 Northwest Africa and the Sahara
    Introduction
    Saharan Rock Art
    The Phoenician or Punic Tradition
    Roman North Africa
    Islam

    Islamic North Africa
    Berbers
    North African Crafts
    The Tuareg
    Contemporary Developments

    Nja Mahdaoui
    Ali Omar Ermes
    Farid Belkahia



    CHAPTER 2 Western and Central Sudanic Societies
    Introduction
    The Emergence of State Societies in The
    Western and Central Sudan
    Islamic Architecture of the Western Sudan

    Inland Niger Delta Figurative Ceramics
    Hausa Art Traditions of the Central Sudan
    Architecture
    Dress
    The Fulani
    Ceramic Vessel Production in Kano Nigeria

    Ceramic Sculpture Traditions of the Central Sudan
    Nok
    Sao
    Gongola Valley



    CHAPTER 3 Western Sudanic Village Based Societies
    Introduction
    Characteristics of Western Sudan Sculptural Styles

    Voltaic Speaking Peoples
    Early History
    Origin Myth, Belief and Figurative Sculpture
    Dogon Masquerades
    Architecture

    The Upper Volta River Basin
    Mossi
    Bwa-Nuna
    Frafra Funerary Ritual
    Frafra Architecture and Wall Painting

    Senufo
    Poro Masquerades
    Poro Figurative
    Sculpture
    Mande-Speaking People
    Bamana Blacksmiths
    Bamana Mud Cloth
    Religious Associations: Masquerades and Figurative Sculpture

    Women and Pottery Production in the Western Sudan
    Female Potters and Male Blacksmiths
    Recent Developments
    Glass Painting in Senegal
    Photography in Mali
    Filmmaking



    CHAPTER 4 The Western Guinea Coast
    Introduction to the Region
    Early Sculpture Traditions: Nomoli, Pomdo and Afro-Portuguese Ivories
    Baga Masks and Headdresses
    Regalia of Sierra Leone Paramount Chiefs: Ivory Trumpets and Cloth

    Male and Female Secret Associations
    Poro
    Sande

    Dan-We Art of Southeastern Liberia and Western Ivory Coast
    Guro
    Early Photography in Africa
    George A.G. Lutterodt and Albert George Lutterodt
    Alphonso Lisk-Carew
    Jonathon Adagogo Green
    Continuity and Change in the Krio Kaba Sloht Dress

    Expanding the Fancy and the Fierce: The Sculpture of John Goba
    History
    Secret Societies and Masquerades
    The Postcolonial Period in Africa
    New Art in Africa and John Goba's Sculpture


    CHAPTER 5 The Arts of the Akan of the Ivory Coast and Ghana (by Martha Ehrlich, PhD)
    Introduction
    The Baule

    Baule Masks
    Baule Figures
    Baule Personal Ornaments

    History of Asante and the Akan Peoples of Ghana
    Kumasi and Leadership Regalia
    Ceremonial and Royal Dress
    Cloth
    Wood and Sculpture
    Clay Sculpture: Funerary Heads

    The Fante
    New Directions in Akan Art



    CHAPTER 6 Eastern Guinea Coast: The Yoruba, Nupe, and Fond and Their Influence
    Introduction
    Leadership: Yoruba City States

    Ancient Ife
    Esie Sculpture
    Owo

    Oyo and Ancient Nupe
    Beaded Regalia
    Ogboni and Oro Associations
    Palace Architecture
    Religion

    The Nupe
    Narrow Band Weaving
    Nupe Woodworking
    Nupe Masquerades
    Nupe and Gwari Pottery

    The Fon Kingdom of Dahomey
    Religion
    Leadership Arts
    Ancestor Worship
    The Yoruba Diaspora
    The Fon Diaspora
    New Directions in Yoruba Art

    Lamidi Fakeye
    Uli Beier and Suzanne Wenger
    Twins Seven-Seven
    Jimoh Buraimoh
    Nike Olaniyidavis Davies
    "Shain-Shain" Cloth



    CHAPTER 7 Benin and the Lower Niger River Basin
    Benin

    State Organization
    Royal Shrines and Commemorative
    Heads
    Palace Architecture and Decoration

    The Lower Niger River Basin
    Igbo
    Idoma and Northern Edo Masquerades
    Ibibio Masks
    Ijo

    Cross River Region
    Early History
    Stone Monoliths
    Insibidi Indigenous Visual Performed and Art Language Systems
    Skin Covered Masks

    Contemporary Directions in Southeastern Nigerian Art
    Uche Okeke
    Bruce Onobrakpeya
    Sokari Douglas Camp


    CHAPTER 8 Cameroon Grasffields, Ogowe River Basin, and the Northern Equatorial Forest
    Introduction
    Cameroon Grassfields Kingdoms

    Figurative Sculpture
    Dress
    Indigo Dyed Cloth
    Decorated Horns
    Tobacco Pipes
    Wooden Stools and Royalt
    Regulatory Associations

    Ogowe River Basin
    Masquerades
    Reliquary Cults

    The Northern Equatorial Forest
    Lega
    Bwami

    Mbole
    The Azande and Mangbetu



    CHAPTER 9 The Congo River Basin
    Introduction

    Early History: Bantu Migration
    The Emergence of Bantu Kingdoms

    Western Region
    Kongo Kingdom
    Western Region: Divination and Healing
    Kongo
    Yombe

    Central Region
    Yaka
    Suku
    Kuba
    Pende
    The Kuba Kingdom
    Dengese
    Salampasu
    Choke

    Ovimbundu
    Southeastern Region
    Luba
    Songye Masquerades
    Hemba Figurative Sculpture

    Eastern Region: Masks
    Songye
    Luba
    Initiation

    Western and Central Pende Masquerades
    New Directions in Urban Art



    CHAPTER 10 State Societies of Northeastern Africa
    Egypt

    Predynastic and Early Dynastic
    Dynastic Period
    Old
    Kingdom
    Middle Kingdom
    New Kingdom
    Late Period

    Ancient Nubia
    Kush
    Ethiopia

    Contemporary Art in Egypt, the Sudan and Ethiopia
    Egypt
    Sudan
    Ethiopia


    CHAPTER 11 Eastern Africa
    Eastern Africa
    East African Pastoralists

    Artists and Artistry
    Containers
    Headrests
    Coiffures
    Costume and Ornament
    Male Dress
    Female Dress
    Ornament and Gender Difference
    Architecture of the Pastoralists

    The Swahili Coast
    Architecture
    Dress

    Woodcarving Traditions
    Funerary Sculpture
    Initiation and Leadership Sculpture
    Kamba and Zaramo Figurative Sculpture
    Makonde Figurative Sculpture

    East Africa: New Directions
    Margaret Trowell
    Elimo Njau
    Magdalene Odundo
    Sane
    Wadu


    CHAPTER 12 Southern Africa
    Introduction

    Rock Art
    Lyndenburg Terra Cotta Heads
    Shona Kingdoms
    Southeastern Africa

    New Directions in South African Art
    Zimbabwe
    Namibia
    South Africa
    Post-Apartheid Art



    CHAPTER 13 Trends in Contemporary Art from Africa and its Diaspora (by Joseph L. Underwood)
    Introduction
    Gender

    Mehdi-Georges Lahlou
    Zanele Muholi
    Njideka Akunyili Crosby
    Toyin Ojih Odutola
    Joël Andrianomearisoa
    Ghana Amer

    Power
    Mary Sibande
    Kudzanai Chiurai
    Massinissa Selmani
    Emeka Ogboh
    Aïda Muluneh
    Wim Botha
    Nandipha Mntambo

    Cycles
    Theo Eshetu
    Viyé Diba
    Houda Ghorbel
    Wangechi Mutu
    Lina Iris Viktor
    Dawit Petros
    Bofa Da
    Cara
    Conclusion


    Notes
    Bibliography
    Author Bios
    Index