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The Twentieth-Century World and Beyond

An International History since 1900

Sixth Edition

William R. Keylor

Publication Date - May 2011

ISBN: 9780199736348

656 pages
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $164.99

Provides the most international coverage of the 20th century of any text available


The Twentieth-Century World and Beyond: An International History since 1900 explores the history of modern relations between the U.S., Europe, Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East. The book's unique analytical framework--which focuses on the relationships between and among countries rather than on individual histories--helps students easily examine how the nations of the world have interacted since the beginning of the last century. The Twentieth-Century World and Beyond, Sixth Edition, is ideal for undergraduate and graduate courses in twentieth-century world history, and courses in international relations and international studies.

New to this Edition

  • Reflects the latest scholarship, addressing such issues as refugees and stateless persons, human rights, the environment, the war on terrorism, military action in Iraq, and the causes and consequences of globalization
  • Significantly more photos and maps
  • More material on the non-Western world: Africa, the Middle East, and Asia
  • An expanded discussion of NGOs, nuclear proliferation, environmental issues, human rights, and global warming
  • An improved design, with the narrative organized into more manageable units

About the Author(s)

William R. Keylor is Professor of International Relations and History at Boston University.

Previous Publication Date(s)

November 2005
October 2000
February 1996


"The Twentieth Century World is the best single volume survey of international history, and it is even better in this new edition. Clear, comprehensive, and beautifully balance, it has been a consistent favorite among my students. I don't remember any textbook getting the same kind of uniformly enthusiastic reviews."--James Sheehan, Stanford University

"A leading text on international history since 1900, now updated to include more coverage of the non-Western world, NGOs, humans rights, and environmental issues. Judicious, authoritative, and comprehensive, this work is highly recommended."--Erez Manela, Harvard University

"This fine synthesis adroitly combines regional, national, and transnational levels of analysis into a coherent narrative of twentieth century history. It provides an excellent guide to both the violence that marked this period in history as well humanity's efforts to cope with it."--Emily S. Rosenberg, University of California, Irvine

"The clearest and most useful text on world politics since 1900. My students consistently give it a thumbs up, and so do I."--Charles Lipson, University of Chicago

Table of Contents


    Prologue: The Global Context of International Relations at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century
    The Europeanization of the World
    The Emergence of Japanese Power in East Asia
    The Rise of American Power in the Western Hemisphere and the Pacific
    A Shrinking Earth and the Geopolitical Worldview
    The First Age of Globalization

    Chapter 1: Germany's Bid for European Dominance (1914-1918)
    The Road to Armageddon
    Stalemate and Slaughter
    Revolutionary Russia leaves the War
    Causes and Consequences of the American Intervention

    Chapter 2: The Peace of Paris and the New International Order
    The Messiah from the New World
    The Dominance of the "Big Four"
    France's Peace Aims
    Britain's Peace Aims
    America Goes Home
    Civil War and Allied Intervention in Russia
    The Making of the Modern Middle East
    Verdict on Versailles

    Chapter 3: The Western World in the Twenties: The Era of Illusions
    The Illusion of Economic Restoration
    The Illusion of Continental Security

    Chapter 4: The Western World in the Thirties: The Illusions Dispelled
    The Collapse of the World Economic Order
    The Collapse of the European Security System

    Chapter 5: Germany's Second Bid for European Dominance (1939-1945)
    Poland's Demise and the "Phony War"
    The European War
    The World War
    Allied Plans for Liberated Europe
    The Destruction of the European Jews

    Chapter 6: The Confirmation of United States Supremacy in Latin America
    The Era of Direct Domination (1914-1932)
    The Era of Indirect Hegemony (1933-1945)

    Chapter 7: The Rise and Fall of Japan's Supremacy in East Asia
    The Period of Peaceful Penetration (1914-1930)
    The Period of Military Expansion (1931-1941)
    The War in Asia (1941-1945)


    Chapter 8: The Formation of the Bipolar World in the Truman-Stalin Era (1945-1953)
    The Political Division of Europe
    Superpower Conflicts on the Periphery
    The Consolidation of the Two Blocs
    The Rearmament of the West

    Chapter 9: Coexistence and Confrontation (1953-1962)
    Deepening Ideological Divisions
    The Era of Peaceful Coexistence
    The Pursuit of Non-Alignment in the "Third World"
    The End of American Invulnerability
    The Anomaly of Berlin
    The Formation of an Inter-American Security System

    Chapter 10: Detente and Multipolarity (1962-1975)
    The Quest for Nuclear Superiority
    France's Challenge to American Leadership
    The Political Settlement in Europe
    The Middle East as Perennial Hot Spot

    Chapter 11: The Rise of China and the Cold War in Asia
    The Communist Victory in the Chinese Civil War
    America's Reengagement in the Far East
    The U.S.S.R. and China: From Partnership to Rivalry
    Indochina's Thirty Years War
    The Development of the Sino-American Rapprochement (1969-1975)

    Chapter 12: The Resurgence of East-West Tension (1975-1985)
    The Prospects for Pluralism and Interdependence
    The Renewal of the Nuclear Arms Race
    Turmoil in South Asia
    Conflict and Compromise in the Middle East

    Chapter 13: Latin America's Quest for Development and Independence
    Washington's Containment Policy in the Western Hemisphere
    Prospects for Economic Growth
    The Latin American Debt Crisis
    A Mini-Cold War in the Caribbean

    Chapter 14: Africa: From Independence to Dependency
    Decolonization and Dreams of Unity and Development
    The Persistence of "Neo-Imperialism"
    The Curse of Economic Stagnation
    The Cold War Reaches the Continent
    The Last Stand of the White Settler Regimes

    Chapter 15: The Far East: The Road to the New Co-Prosperity Sphere
    The Miracle of Japan
    The Rise of the East Asian Tigers
    China Awakens: The Deng Revolution in China


    Chapter 16: Moscow, Washington, and the End of the Soviet Empire
    Gorbachev: Glasnost, Perestroika, and Arms Control
    East Bloc Dissolution and German Reunification
    Soviet Disengagement and Collapse
    Ethnic Conflict in the Successor States
    Russia's Turbulent Transition to Capitalism and Democracy

    Chapter 17: Europe: Integration and Disintegration
    The Relaunching of the European Idea
    The Balkan Tragedy

    Chapter 18: Asia at the Crossroads
    Economic Growth and Security Dilemmas in East Asia
    Tensions on the Indian Sub-Continent

    Chapter 19: Africa on Its Own: Ethnic Conflict, Autocracy, and Underdevelopment
    Ethnic Turmoil on the Horn
    Genocide and Civil War
    Nigeria's Role as the Gendarme of West Africa
    The End of Apartheid in South Africa
    Islamism and Regional Identity in the Maghreb
    The Adverse Consequences of the End of the Cold War
    China, the New Imperial Power in Africa
    The Scourge of AIDS

    Chapter 20: The Middle East: The Elusive Quest for Peace, Prosperity, and Stability
    The Gulf War and Its Aftermath
    From Political Reform to Nuclear Ambitions in Iran
    The Revival of the Israeli-Palestinian Peace Process
    The Peace Process Derailed

    Chapter 21: Latin America: Democracy, Free Markets, and Regional Security
    High Hopes for the "Washington Consensus
    The Progress of Democratization
    The Rise of Populism and the Collapse of the "Washington Consensus"

    Chapter 22: From the Old to the New Century
    The Quest for International Cooperation after the Cold War
    The Management of the Global Economy
    The Mixed Record of Arms Control
    The Expanding Role of International Nongovernmental Organizations
    Globalization and Its Discontents
    Washington's Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq

    Glossary of International Economics Terminology
    Glossary of Nuclear Weapons Terminology