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Cover

The Social Construction of Difference and Inequality

Race, Class, Gender, and Sexuality

Eighth Edition

Author Tracy Ore

Publication Date - March 2022

ISBN: 9780197618967

558 pages
Paperback
7 1/2 x 9 1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $86.99

An engaging anthology on race, class, gender, and sexuality, with an explicit emphasis on the social construction of inequality

Description

The Social Construction of Difference and Inequality: Race, Class, Gender, and Sexuality, Eighth Edition, surveys how and why the categories of race, class, gender, and sexuality are constructed, maintained, experienced, and transformed. This popular anthology moves beyond simply discussing various forms of stratification and the impact on members of marginalized groups by providing a thorough discussion of how such systems of stratification are formed, perpetuated, and interconnected. Each reading ends with critical-thinking questions to help students relate content to their own lives and understand how their attitudes, actions, and perspectives may serve to perpetuate a stratified system.

Features

  • Fifteen new readings, several with a more empirical focus. The new readings include articles discussing issues of immigration and documentation; updated discussions of the relationship between the growing racial wealth gap and social policy in the United States; examinations of health and educational inequalities, particularly in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic; structural racism and its maintenance through the institutions such as education and the criminal justice system; and the increasing role of hate crimes and other forms of violence in marginalizing and silencing already oppressed groups. As with the seventh edition, I have selected readings that are engaging for students and that
  • Fifteen new readings, several with a more empirical focus. These readings include articles discussing issues of immigration and documentation; updated discussions of the relationship between the growing racial wealth gap and social policy in the United States; examinations of health and educational inequalities, particularly in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic; structural racism and its maintenance through the institutions such as education and the criminal justice system; and the increasing role of hate crimes and other forms of violence in marginalizing and silencing already oppressed groups
  • Updated all relevant statistics

About the Author(s)

Tracy E. Ore is Professor of Sociology at St. Cloud State University.

Table of Contents

    ** Indicates New Reading

    Preface

    Part I: Constructing Differences
    Examining what categories are constructed, how this is done, and why such categories of difference are constructed.

    Race and Ethnicity

    1. Racial Formations
    Michael Omi and Howard Winant
    2. Optional Ethnicities: For Whites Only?
    Mary C. Waters
    3. Learning to be Illegal: Undocumented Youth and Shifting Legal Contexts in the Transition to Adulthood
    Roberto G. Gonzales

    Social Class
    **4. The Asset Value of Whiteness: Understanding the Racial Wealth Gap
    Amy Traub, Laura Sullivan, Tatjana Meschede, & Tom Shapiro
    5. Media Magic: Making Class Invisible
    Gregory Mantsios
    **6. Latinos are Each of Us: Fair and Just Immigration Policies for All
    Noreen M. Sugrue & Sylvia Puente

    Sex and Gender
    7. The Social Construction of Gender
    Judith Lorber
    **8. Giving sex: Deconstructing Intersex and Trans Medicalization Practices
    Georgiann Davis, Jodie M. Dewey, Erin L. Murphy
    9. Transgender and intersex student athletes in women's collegiate sports
    Pat Griffin

    Sexuality
    10. naming all the parts
    Kate Bornstein
    11. "if you don't kiss me, you're dumped": boys, boyfriends and heterosexualised masculinities in the primary school
    Emma Renold
    12. what's so cultural about hookup culture?
    Lisa Wade

    Part II: Maintaining Inequalities: Systems of Oppression and Privilege
    Examining what elements of social structure work to maintain systems of stratification based on constructions of difference.

    Social Institutions: Family
    13. why won't african americans get (and stay) married? why should they?
    Shirley A. Hill
    **14. "Willing to Do Anything for My Kids": Inventive Mothering, Diapers, and the Inequalities of Carework
    Jennifer Randles
    15. illegality as a source of solidarity and tension in latino families
    Leisy J. Abrego
    16. marriage and family: lgbt individuals and same-sex couples
    Gary J. Gates

    Social Institutions: Education
    **17 Mind the Gap: COVID-19 and Learning Loss-Disparities Grow and Students Need Help
    Emma Dorn, Bryan Hancock, Jimmy Sarakatsannis, and Ellen Viruleg
    18. civilize them with a stick
    Mary Crow Dog and Richard Erdoes
    **19 Black Girls and School Discipline: The Complexities of Being Overrepresented and Understudied
    Subini Ancy Annamma, Yolanda Anyon, Nicole M. Joseph, Jordan Farrar, Eldridge Greer, Barbara Downing, and John Simmons

    Social Institutions: Work and Economy
    20. black men and the struggle for work: social and economic barriers persist
    James M. Quane, William Julius Wilson, and Jackelyn Hwang
    21 racializing the glass escalator: reconsidering men's experiences with women's work
    Adia Harvey Wingfield
    **22 The Threat of Poverty Without Misery
    Alyosha Goldstein

    Social Institutions: The State and Public Policy
    23. jezebel at the welfare office: how racialized stereotypes of poor women's reproductive decisions and relationships shape policy implementation
    N. Tatiana Masters, Taryn P. Lindhorst, and Marcia K. Meyers
    **24. Race, Place, and Effective Policing
    Anthony A. Braga, Rod K. Brunson, and Kevin M. Drakulich
    25. the treacherous triangle: justice, immigration enforcement, and child welfare
    Seth Freed Wessler

    Social Institutions: Media
    26. the digital reproduction of inequality
    Eszter Hargittai
    27. winnebagos, cherokees, apaches, and dakotas: the persistence of stereotyping of american indians in american advertising brands
    Debra Merskin
    **28. Asian American Media Representation: A Film Analysis and Implications for Identity Development
    Tiffany Besana, Dalal Katsiaficas, and Aerika Brittian Loyd
    Language and Culture
    29. how the right made racism sound fair - and changed immigration politics
    Gabriel Thompson
    **30. "Strong Black Woman": African American Women with Disabilities, Intersecting Identities, and Inequality
    Angel Love Miles
    31. the florida state seminoles: the champions of racist mascots
    Dave Zirin

    Violence and Social Control
    32. climate of fear
    Southern Poverty Law Center
    33. ruling out rape
    Lisa Wade, Brian Sweeney, Amelia Seraphia Derr, Michael A. Messner, and Carol Burke
    34. cyberbullying, school bullying, and psychological distress: a regional census of high school students
    Shari Kessel Schneider, Lydia O'Donnell,
    Ann Stueve, and Robert W. S. Coulter

    Part III: Experiencing Difference and Inequality in Everyday Life
    Examining the impact of constructions of difference and maintaining inequalities on members of society.

    35. making systems of privilege visible
    Stephanie M. Wildman with Adrienne D. Davis
    36. you may know me from such roles as terrorist #4
    Jon Ronson
    **37. Dying to Be Competent
    Tressie McMillan Cottom
    38. the story of my body
    Judith Ortiz Cofer
    **39. Two Hate Notes: Deportations, COVID-19, and Xenophobia against Hmong Americans in the Midwest
    Kong Pheng Pha
    40. "gee, you don't seem like an indian from the reservation"
    Barbara Cameron
    41. the transgender crucible
    Sabrina Rubin Erdely
    42. nickel-and-dimed: on (not) getting by in america
    Barbara Ehrenreich
    43. not poor enough
    Susan Sheehan
    **44. The Miseducation of the American Boy
    Peggy Orenstein

    Part IV: Resistance and Social Change
    Examining how people working within individual and institutional contexts transform difference from a system of inequality to a system of liberation.

    45. Toward a New Vision: race, class, and gender as categories of analysis and connection
    Patricia Hill Collins
    **46. #FeministAntibodies: Asian American Media in the Time of Coronavirus
    Rachel Kuo, Amy Zhang, Vivian Shaw, & Cynthia Wang
    47. seeing more than black & white: latinos, racism, and the cultural divides
    Elizabeth Martinez
    48. reform or transformation?: the pivotal role of food justice in the u.s. food movement
    Eric Holt-Giménez and Yi Wang
    49. voices of a new movimiento
    Roberto Lovato
    **50. the next civil rights movement?
    Fredrick C. Harris