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Cover

The Revolutionary Atlantic

Republican Visions, 1760-1830: A Documentary History

Edited by Rafe Blaufarb

Publication Date - March 2017

ISBN: 9780199897964

528 pages
Paperback
6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $39.99

The first book to bring together primary sources on the four major revolutions that comprised the Age of Atlantic Revolutions

Description

The Revolutionary Atlantic: Republican Visions, 1760-1830: A Documentary History is the first book to bring together primary sources on the four major revolutions--American, French, Haitian, and Spanish--that comprised the Age of Atlantic Revolutions. There are primary sourcebooks on all of these revolutions, but never before have documents from all four revolutions been brought together within a single volume so that the revolutionary republican movement can be examined as a whole. Unlike the selections found in other texts, the documents in The Revolutionary Atlantic do not skimp on length, allowing instructors and students to delve deeply into major issues of republican revolution. Combining classic, foundational texts, like Madison's 10th Federalist essay, and more obscure sources, such as archival peasant accounts of the Great Fear, The Revolutionary Atlantic is an indispensable resource for teaching Atlantic history.

About the Author(s)

Rafe Blaufarb is Ben Weider Eminent Scholar Chair in Napoleonic History and Director of the Institute on Napoleon and the French Revolution at Florida State University. He is the author of several books, including The Great Demarcation: The French Revolution and the Invention of Modern Property (OUP, 2016), and Inhuman Traffick: The International Struggle against the Transatlantic Slave Trade: A Graphic History (OUP, 2014).

Reviews

"Encompassing the major rebellions that transformed the Atlantic world in the Age of Revolutions, The Revolutionary Atlantic is a major achievement. Blaufarb's collection of documents records the voices of elites and masses alike, and is remarkably coherent thanks to its focus on political ideas, not events. Highly recommended for students and scholars."--Willem Klooster, Clark University

"This is a fascinating and comprehensive collection of primary sources on the Age of Revolutions, ranging from Enlightenment political theory to empire and slavery. Blaufarb treats the U.S., French, Haitian, and Latin American Revolutions as a common movement. His chronological coverage is truly impressive, spanning from the Seven Years' War to the 1820s. This will be tremendously useful to instructors seeking to connect the different Atlantic Revolutions."--Alyssa Sepinwall, California State University-San Marcos

"The Revolutionary Atlantic is an essential resource for anyone interested in the political upheavals that culminated in the American, French, Haitian, and Latin American Revolutions of the late-eighteenth and early-nineteenth centuries. Through its concise chapter introductions and vast array of documents focused on the period's new political ideas, The Revolutionary Atlantic reveals the connections among notions of republicanism and equality that sprang up around the Atlantic World. It also reveals the host of actors--elite European descended men, indigenous peoples, women, slaves, serfs, and the urban poor--who gave local meaning and form to those ideals through their words and deeds. The Revolutionary Atlantic is a most welcome addition to the literature on the Age of Revolutions."--Rebecca Hartkopf Schloss, Texas A & M University

"Blaufarb's compilation and translation of political documents from the Age of Revolutions provides an excellent reader for scholars and students who seek to compare the precepts and arguments in favor of democracy, equality, and independence that emerged during the French and Haitian revolutions with key texts from North American and Napoleonic-era Latin American independence movements."--Jordana Dym, Skidmore College

Table of Contents

    Acknowledgements
    About the Author
    Map 1: The Atlantic in 1763
    Map 2: The Atlantic in 1830

    INTRODUCTION

    CHAPTER ONE: THE ENGLIGHTENMENT


    The Giants
    John Locke, Two Treatises of Government (1689)
    Montesquieu, The Spirit of the Laws (1748)
    Denis Diderot, "Political Authority" (1751)
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Social Contract (1762)

    History and Political Theory

    Henry de Boulainvillier, History of the Ancient Government of France (1727)
    Nicholas Moreau, Lessons in Morality, Politics and Public Law drawn from
    the History of Our Monarchy (1773)
    Gabriel Bonnot de Mably, Observations on the History of France (1765)

    Enlightenment and Revolution

    Guillame-Joseph Saige, The Citizen's Catechism (1788)

    CHAPTER TWO: THE STRAINS OF EMPIRE

    Spain

    Alexander Von Humboldt on New Spain (Mexico) (1814)
    Economic Complaints (1828)
    Exploitation and Corruption: The View from the Top (1768)
    Exploitation and Corruption: The View from Below (1781)
    First Stirrings of Revolution (1799)

    France

    Taxing Saint-Domingue (1763-4)

    Great Britain

    Royal Proclamation on the Western Territories (1763)
    Grievances of Western Settlers (1764)
    Reaction to the Quebec Act (1775)
    Adam Smith on Colonial Taxation (1776)
    A New Colonial Order (1764)
    Resistance: New York Petition to the House of Commons (1764)
    Resistance: The Irish House of Commons (1763)
    Resistance: The Jamaican House of Assembly (1769-83)

    CHAPTER THREE: ORIGINS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

    Repealing the Stamp Act (1766)

    Parliamentary Debate over the Withdrawal of the Stamp Act (1766)
    Parliamentary Testimony of Benjamin Franklin (1766)

    Conflict Intensifies (1766-1774)

    Samuel Adams, The Rights of the Colonists (1772)
    A Climate of Paranoia (1773)
    More Paranoia (1774)

    On the Brink (1774-75)

    The Continental Congress's Declaration and Resolves (1774)
    Edmund Burke, Speech on Conciliation with America (1775)

    Imperial Shockwaves

    The View from Jamaica (1774)
    The View from Ireland (1776)

    The Breaking Point (1775-76)

    Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms (1775)
    Thomas Paine, Common Sense (1776)
    Charles Inglis, The True Interest of America Impartially Stated (1776)
    Declaration of Independence (1776)
    Loyalist Declaration of Dependence (1781)

    CHAPTER FOUR: WINNING AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE

    Race, Slavery, and the War

    Lord Dunmore's Proclamation (1775)
    John Laurens Recommends Recruiting Slaves (1778)
    Alexander Hamilton's Response to the Idea (1779)
    George Washington's Reaction (1779)
    Slave Petition for Freedom to the Massachusetts Legislature (1777)
    Pennslyvania Abolishes Slavery (1781)

    Native Americans and the American Revolution

    Oneida Declaration of Neutrality (1775)
    Continental Congress Seeks Iroquois Neutrality (1775)

    Loyalists

    Lafayette describes the American Revolution as a Civil War (1776-1790)
    Loyalist Song: "The Rebels"
    Show the Loyalists No Mercy (1779)

    A Government for Independent America

    John Adams, Thoughts on Government (1776)
    Articles of Confederation (1777)

    The Constitution of 1787

    James Madison, Vices of the Political System of the United States (1787)
    The Problem of Slavery and Representation (1787)
    The Constitution (1787)

    Ratifying the Constitution

    James Madison, Federalist Number 10 (1787)
    Antifederalist Number 17 (1788)
    Virginia Declaration of Rights (1776)
    Bill of Rights (1791)
    George Washington's Farewell Address (1796)

    CHAPTER FIVE: ORIGINS OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION

    Resistance to the Parelments

    Remonstration of the Parlement of Paris Against the Acts of Violence
    Committed Against the Different Parlements (1763)
    They Royal Session Known as the "Session of Flagellation" (1766)
    Remonstrations Leading to the Maupeou Coup (1770-71)
    Remonstration of the Cour des Aides (1775)

    Alternate Pathways to Reform

    Marquis de Mirabeau, Memoire sur les Etats Provinciaux (1750)
    Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot, Memoir on Municipalities (1787)
    Jacques Necker, Account Given to the King (1781)

    The Pre-Revolution (1787-88)

    The Assembly of Notables (1787)
    Parlement's Remonstration against the Stamp Tax (1787)

    Radicalization and the Shifting Alignment of Political Conflict

    Deliberation to be Taken by the Third Estate in all the Municipalities of the
    French Kingdom (1788)
    Parlement's Denunciation of the Deliberation to be Taken (1788)
    Abbé Sieyes, What is the Third Estate? (1789)
    Memoir of the Princes (1788)
    Result of the Council on the Composition of the Estates-General (1788)

    The Nation Speaks

    Cahier of the Clergy of Rouen (1789)
    Cahier of the Nobility of Rouen (1789)
    Cahier of the Third-Estate of Rouen (1789)
    Cahier of the Barrel-Makers of Rouen (1789)
    La Val de la Haye (1789)

    CHAPTER SIX: THE FRENCH REVOLUTION

    From Estates-General to the National Assembly

    Arthur Young, Travels in France (1789)

    Dismantling the Old Regime

    A Wigmaker Recounts the Great Fear at Cremieu (1789)
    The Marquis d'Agoult Describes the Night of August 4th (1789)
    Decree of 10 August 1789

    The New Regime...and Its Limits

    Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen (1789)
    Olympe de Gouges, The Rights of Women (1791)
    Maximillian Robespierre, Speed Against Property Qualifications to Exercise
    the Full Rights of Citizenship (1791)
    Abbé Grégoire, Motion in Favor of the Jews (1789)

    The Church's Place in the New Regime

    The Constitutionality of Corps: Le Chapellier (1789)
    The Clerical Position: Archbishop Boisgelin (1789)
    The Civil Constitution of the Clergy (1790)

    Reaction to the Revolution

    Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790)
    Thomas Paine, The Rights of Men (1791)

    Revolution and Counterrevolution

    The Jacobin Crusade (1792)
    The King's Flight (1791)

    War

    The Declaration of War (1792)
    The Brunswick Manifesto (1792)
    The Marseillaise (1792)
    The Levy en Masse (1793)

    The Republican Revolution

    Saint-Just, Republican Institutions (1794)
    Maximillian Robespierre, The Principles of Political Morality (1794)
    Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (1793)

    The Directory

    Drafting the Directorial Constitution (1795)
    Inaugural Message of the Directory to the French People (1795)
    Doctrine of Gracchus Babeuf (1794)

    The Brumaire Coup and Consulate

    Consular Address to the French People (1799)
    The Concordat (1802)
    The Civil Code (1804)

    The Empire

    The Motion to Make Bonaparte a Hereditary Ruler (1804)
    Napoleon's New Nobility (1807)
    Why the French Submitted to Napoleon's Rule

    The Restoration

    Louis XVIII's Constitutional Charter (1814)
    Reactionary Europe (1820)
    Great Britain and European Reaction (1820)

    CHAPTER SEVEN: TOWARD THE HAITIAN REVOLUTION

    Abolitionist Sentiment in Pre-Revolutionary France

    The Society of the Friends of the Blacks (1788)

    The Beginning of the French Revolution

    The Planter's Fears of Revolutionary Radicalism (1789)
    Planter Grievances and Aspirations (1789)
    A Planter Pamphlet (1789)
    Divisions Among Whites (1789)
    The Atlantic Merchants Weigh In (1789)
    The Colonial Order Rips Itself Apart (1791)

    Free People of Color

    The Free People of Color Enter the Scene (1789)
    The Abbé Grégoire Intervenes (1789)

    The Assembly Debates Equality for the Free People of Color

    The Colonial Committee's Initial Approach (1790)
    Abbé Grégoire, Letter to the Lovers of Humanity (1790)
    The Debate Over Race and Citizenship (1791)
    The Jamaicans React (1791)
    The French Reaction: The Political Right (1791)
    The French Reaction: The Political Left (1791)

    CHAPTER EIGHT: EMANCIPATION AND INDEPENDENCE

    Emancipation

    Sonthonax's Emancipation Proclamation (1793)
    The National Convention Ratifies Emancipation (1794)

    Post-Emancipation

    Polverel's Labor Regulations (1794-94)
    Toussaint Louverture's Labor Regulations (1800)
    Toussaint's Constitution (1801)

    Napoleon's Expedition

    The Fate of Louisiana (1802)
    The Fate of the French Expedition (1801)

    Defining the Meaning of Independence

    Declaration of Independence and Abjuration of the French Nation (1804)
    A Black Republic (1804)
    Foreign Reactions to Haitian Independence (1804)
    African American Reactions (1827)

    Independent Haiti

    Haiti in 1807
    Haiti in 1826
    Colonial Fears of Haiti (1812)
    Haiti As Sanctuary (1817)

    CHAPTER NINE: THE STRUGGLES FOR LATIN AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE

    Forerunners of Independence

    Count de Aranda's Secret Report to King Carlos III
    Juan Pablo Viscardo y Guzman, Letter to the Spanish Americans (1810)
    Francisco de Miranda, Draft Constitution for Spanish America (late 1790s)

    The Napoleonic Wars and Latin American Indpendence

    Proclamation of King Joseph to the Spanish Americans (1809)
    Francisco Martinez Marina, Theory of Cortes (1813)
    Colonial Representation in the Cortes (1810)
    Manifesto to the Mexican People from Their Representatives to the Cortes
    (1813)

    Declaring Independence

    Venezuelan Declaration of Independence (1811)
    Argentinian Independence Implied (1811)
    Mexican Declaration of Independence (1813)

    Mexican Independence (1810-1815)

    Excommunications fo Hidalgo (1810)
    Hidalgo's Manifesto against His Excommunication (1810)
    Morelos, Sentiments of the Nation (1813)

    The Rise, Fall, and Rebirth of Latin American Independence

    Bolivar's Proclamation of War to the Death (1813)
    Bolivar's Jamaica Letter (1815)
    Bolivarian Naval Dominance (1818)
    Roussin, "Report on Venezuela and New Granada" (1820)
    State of Revolution in South America (1818)

    CHAPTER TEN: THE CONTOURS OF INDEPENDENCE

    A New World of Republics?

    Bolivar, "Angostura Address" (1819)

    Mexico Achieves Independence

    Address of Colonel Quiroga to Ferdinand VII (1820)
    Plan of Iguala (1821)

    Brazilian Independence

    Manifesto of the Prince Regent to the People of Brazil (1822)

    Latin American Independence and the Atlantic Powers

    Circular of Spain to the European Government (1817)
    Canning's Memorandum to the Cabinet on Spanish American Policy (1822)
    The "Polignac Memorandum" (1823)
    Monroe Doctrine (1823)
    Latin American Criticism of the Monroe Doctrine
    Bernardo Monteagudo, "Essay on the Need for a General Federation between
    the Hispano-American States" (1824)

    CONCLUSION

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