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Cover

The Psychology of Criminal and Violent Behaviour

David R. Lyon and Andrew Welsh

Publication Date - April 2017

ISBN: 9780199010080

416 pages
Paperback

Retail Price to Students: $79.99

Drawing on relevant research, real-world examples, and gripping case studies, this text applies theory to provide deep insight into criminal behaviour

Description

This indispensable introduction to the psychological theories of criminality and violence examines how both psychology and biology play a role in understanding what may drive individuals to commit crime. Drawing on relevant research, real-world examples, and gripping case studies, The Psychology of Criminal and Violent Behaviour applies theory to provide deep insight into criminal behaviour.

FEATURES

A theoretical approach helps students identify and understand key psychological theories and concepts

Accessible content: While theoretical in approach, the material is presented in a way that meets the needs of both psychology and criminology students

Coverage of both psychological and biological factors on a range of topics--including reactive and instrumental violence, aggression, psychopathy, social cognition, and more--explores how and why criminal and violent behaviour occur

"Researching Criminal and Violent Behaviour" boxes discuss important research and topics in the field, including the Danish adoption study, the Bobo doll experiments, the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide, attachment theory, threat/control-override symptoms, and cyberstalking

Diverse case studies on such notorious figures as Phineas Gage, Charles Whitman, Richard Ramirez, the Manson Family, Karla Homolka, and Ethan Couch provide real-world examples of criminal and violent behaviour and help students apply theory to real life

Chapters on homicide and interpersonal violence provide piercing insight into topics like aggression and violent behaviour, serial murder, school shootings, stalking, intimate partner violence, and sexual violence

Features

  • A theoretical approach helps students identify and understand key psychological theories and concepts
  • Accessible content: While theoretical in approach, the material is presented in a way that meets the needs of both psychology and criminology students
  • Coverage of both psychological and biological factors on a range of topics--including reactive and instrumental violence, aggression, psychopathy, social cognition, and more--explores how and why criminal and violent behaviour occur
  • "Researching Criminal and Violent Behaviour" boxes discuss important research and topics in the field, including the Danish adoption study, the Bobo doll experiments, the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide, attachment theory, threat/control-override symptoms, and cyberstalking
  • Diverse case studies on such notorious figures as Phineas Gage, Charles Whitman, Richard Ramirez, the Manson Family, Karla Homolka, and Ethan Couch provide real-world examples of criminal and violent behaviour and help students apply theory to real life
  • Chapters on homicide and interpersonal violence provide piercing insight into topics like aggression and violent behaviour, serial murder, school shootings, stalking, intimate partner violence, and sexual violence

About the Author(s)

David R. Lyon is Associate Professor in the Department of Criminology at Kwantlen Polytechnic University in Canada.

Andrew Welsh is Associate Professor and Associate Dean of the Faculty of Human and Social Sciences at Wilfrid Laurier University, Brantford, Canada.

Table of Contents

    Each chapter includes learning objectives, a chapter-opening case study, an introduction, bolded key terms, a marginal glossary, "Researching Criminal and Violent Behaviour" boxes, a summary, review questions, and additional reading.
    Preface
    Acknowledgments
    1. Introduction
    Case Studies
    What Is Criminal Behaviour?
    The Sociological Construction of Crime
    Case Study: Robert Bardo
    Violent Behaviour
    Theoretical Perspectives
    Scientific Theories
    Organization of This Book
    2. Genetics and Evolution
    Case Study: Jeffrey Landrigan
    Behavioural Genetics
    Case Study: The Kray Brothers
    Putting It All Together: Genetic Predispositions and Behavioural Destiny
    Evolution
    Case Study: Christopher Rocancourt
    Sex Differences
    Age-Crime Curve
    3. Biology
    Case Study: Chris Benoit
    The Structure of the Brain
    Brain Injury and Criminal Behaviour: General Evidence
    Brain Plasticity and Early Head Injury
    Specific Brain Regions and Criminal Behaviour
    Case Study: Phineas Gage
    Case Study: Charles Whitman
    Putting It All Together: The Prefrontal Cortex and Limbic System
    Lateralized Hemispheric Dysfunction
    Putting It All Together: The Findings on Lateralization
    Neurochemistry and Criminality
    Putting It All Together: Neurotransmitters and Aggression
    Psychophysiology and Crime
    4. Developmental Pathways
    Case Study: Ethan Couch
    The Stability of Criminal Behaviour
    Major Developmental Theories
    Early Childhood Factors and Delinquency
    Parental Practices and Delinquency
    Peer and School Factors
    5. Personality
    Case Study: Dr. Amy Bishop
    The Nature of Personality
    Psychodynamic Theories of Personality
    Attachment and Personality
    Case Study: Aileen Wuornos
    The Trait Perspective
    Personality Disorders
    Case Study: Rorschach
    6. Psychopathy
    Case Study: Clifford Robert Olson
    The Clinical Description of Psychopathy
    Case Study: Adremy Dennis
    Assessing Psychopathy
    Empirical Links between Psychopathy and Criminal Behaviour
    Case Study: "Dave"
    Psychopathy and Gender
    Case Study: Joanna Dennehy
    Psychopathy and Crime across the Lifespan
    Psychopathy across Culture
    Theoretical Explanations of the Psychopathy-Crime Link
    Putting It All Together: A "Perfect Storm" for Crime
    7. Learning
    Case Study: Devalon Armstrong
    Classical Conditioning
    Case Study: Richard Ramirez
    Operant Conditioning
    Observational Learning
    The Effects of Violent Media
    Differential Association-Reinforcement Theory
    Case Study: Henry Hill
    Putting It All Together: DA-Reinforcement Theory in Action
    8. Social Cognition
    Case Study: Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab
    Moral Reasoning
    Moral Disengagement
    Criminal Thinking
    Hostile Thoughts and Affect
    Social Interactions
    Case Study: Lynndie England and US Military Personnel at Abu Ghraib
    Social Information Processing Theories
    Enactment of Antisocial and Violent Behaviours
    Case Study: George Zimmerman and Trayvon Martin
    Putting It All Together: The General Aggression Model
    9. Mental Disorder
    Case Study: Rene Poole
    Systems for Classifying Mental Disorders
    Major Mental Disorders
    Mental Disorder and Crime
    Putting It All Together: The Relationship of Mental Disorder and Crime in Context
    The Criminalization of Mental Disorder
    Putting It All Together: Making Sense of Criminalization
    Symptom-Based Theories of Crime
    Case Study: Margaret Mary Ray
    Case Study: Vincent Li
    Factors Influencing the Relationship between Mental Disorder and Crime
    Mental Disorder Creates "Tense Situations" That Lead to Violence
    10. Substance Use
    Case Study: Robert Osborne
    Drug Use and Its Effects
    Major Classes of Drugs
    Goldstein's Tripartite Model
    Case Study: Pablo Escobar
    Putting It All Together: Making Sense of Psychopharmacological Violence
    Theories of the Alcohol-Violence Relationship
    Case Study: Shia LaBeouf
    Putting It All Together: Integrating Theories of Alcohol-Related Aggression
    11. Homicide
    Case Study: The Manson Family Murders
    Theoretical Models of Homicide
    Case Study: The La Loche Shooter
    Homicide in the Family
    Multiple Murder
    Case Study: The Green River Killer
    Case Study: The Jonestown Massacre
    Case Study: Adam Lanza and the Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting
    12. Interpersonal Violence
    Case Study: Ray Rice
    Stalking
    Intimate Partner Violence
    Theories of Stalking and Intimate Partner Violence
    Sexual Violence
    13. Assessment and Treatment
    Case Study: Karla Homolka
    Risk of Offending
    Risk Assessment of Offenders
    The Clinical Versus Actuarial Debate
    Putting It All Together: Good Risk Assessment Practices
    Treatment of Offenders
    Case Study: Darnell Pratt and Brendan Sarginson
    How Effective Are Offender Treatment Programs?
    Putting It All Together: Effective Programs in Practice
    Glossary
    References
    Index

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