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Cover

The Neurobiology of Learning and Memory

Third Edition

Jerry W. Rudy

Publication Date - July 2020

ISBN: 9781605359342

456 pages
Hardcover
7 1/2 x 9 1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $133.95

Offers a clear presentation of the integration of psychological concepts of learning and memory and the mechanisms of synaptic plasticity and systems neuroscience

Description

To understand how the brain learns and remembers requires an integration of psychological concepts and behavioral methods with mechanisms of synaptic plasticity and systems neuroscience. The Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, Third Edition, provides a synthesis of this interdisciplinary field. Each chapter makes the key concepts transparent and accessible to a reader with minimal background in either neurobiology or psychology and is extensively illustrated with full-color photographs and figures depicting important concepts and experimental data. The goal of this book remains the same as it was for the previous editions-to present a story of how memories are made. The story has three major parts, which have been expanded to include new chapters or reorganized to incorporate new findings and concepts.

Part One explores the molecular basis of the synaptic changes that support memory. It begins with an overview of memory from the perspective of the brain. It next describes the long-term potentiation methodology used to study how synapses are modified and concepts needed to understand the organization of synapses. The remaining chapters are organized around the idea that the synaptic changes that support long-term potentiation evolve in four overlapping stages referred to as (a) generation, (b) stabilization, (c) consolidation, and (d) maintenance. The goal of each chapter is to reveal that each stage depends on unique molecular processes and to describe what they are. There are now separate chapters on the generation and stabilization of long-term memory and the chapter Consolidating LTP: Specific Mechanisms has been extensively revised to give proper treatment to the local events in the dendritic spine region that consolidate memories.

Part Two builds on this foundation to show how molecules and cellular processes that have been identified from studies of synaptic plasticity also participate in the making of memories. It discusses some of the basic conceptual issues researchers face in trying to relate memory to synaptic molecules and describes some of the behavioral and neurobiological methods that are used. The chapters describing the processes involved in memory formation and consolidation have been extensively modified to provide a more detailed account of the molecular events that are engaged to ensure that established memories endure. The chapter Maintaining Long-Term Potentiation has been revised to provide a broader view of the topic. New chapters focus on recent advances in the neurobiology of forgetting (The Yin and Yang of Memory: Forgetting versus Maintenance) and the search for engrams (Hunting for Engrams). The Fate of Retrieved Memories chapter has been significantly revised to emphasize the importance of memory destabilization processes and how they combine with memory integration processes to allow new information to be incorporated into the retrieved memory.

Part Three is organized around the multiple memory systems view-that different neural systems have evolved to store the content contained in our experience. Three chapters are aimed at issues that surround how the medial-temporal hippocampal system supports episodic memory. The first begins with a discussion of Brenda Milner's research on H.M. that directed researchers to the hippocampus. The Hippocampus Index and Episodic Memory chapter has been significantly revised to include new findings, based on modern molecular techniques, that support Teyler and DiScenna's hippocampus index theory. A separate chapter, When Memories Age, is devoted to issues that emerge when researchers confront what happens as memories grow old. Next the cortical-striatal system and its relationship to what are called behavioral actions and habits is described, and the book ends with a discussion of neural systems involved in the acquisition and removal of emotional memories.

New to this Edition

  • An Enhanced eBook exclusively featuring the following student resources: Learning Objectives at the chapter level; Animations based on key textbook figures; a variety of multiple-choice self-assessment questions at the section level; and a complete set of flashcards to reinforce the key terms presented in each chapter
  • Many chapters have been extensively revised to accommodate new findings and provide more coherent views of their subjects. There are now separate chapters on the generation and stabilization of long-term memory; Consolidating LTP: Specific Mechanisms has been reconstructed to give proper treatment to the local events in the dendritic spine region that consolidate memories; and Maintaining Long-Term Potentiation has been revised to provide a broader view of the topic.
  • New chapters focus on recent advances in the neurobiology of forgetting (The Yin and Yang of Memory: Forgetting versus Maintenance), the search for engrams (Hunting for Engrams), and what happens to memories over time (When Memories Age)

About the Author(s)

Jerry W. Rudy is College Professor of Distinction in the Department of Psychology and Neuroscience at the University of Colorado at Boulder. He received his Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Virginia in 1970, and joined the CU Boulder faculty in 1980. He served as Department Chair for ten years and was instrumental in creating the undergraduate Neuroscience degree and served as the Director of that program for several years. The author of over 150 peer-reviewed research papers and book chapters, Dr. Rudy has served on the editorial boards of the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, Psychobiology, Developmental Psychobiology (Editor in Chief), Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, Learning and Memory, and Neurobiology of Learning and Memory (Associate Editor). He also served on the governing board and as President of the International Society for Developmental Psychobiology. He has received grant support from the National Science Foundation, the National Institute of Mental Health, and the National Institute of Health. Professor Rudy's research interests center on learning and memory processes. His research focused primarily on memory development and understanding the complementary contributions the hippocampus and neocortex make to learning and memory. Professor Rudy retired in June 2019.

Reviews

"I really appreciate the conversational tone in which Dr. Rudy writes, he manages to unpack a great deal of information while giving the feeling that he is in the room having a chat. This makes it very accessible to students."--Sondra Bland, University of Colorado Denver

"The Neurobiology of Learning and Memory provides a cogent framework of organization and includes a comprehensive bibliography for those seeking historically significant references."--Michael Ferragamo, Gustavus Adolphus College

"The Neurobiology of Learning and Memory does an exceptional job of simplifying difficult concepts so that students from various backgrounds can understand."--Roberto Galvez, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

"This book is accessible for newcomers to neuroscience, yet maintains the sophistication that is necessary to challenge more advanced neuroscience students."--Richard Hyson, Florida State University

"The Neurobiology of Learning and Memory does a great job of presenting the field as a developing story. I appreciate the approach of introducing the major investigators of the field as key players in an ongoing story."--Laura Harrison, Tulane University

Table of Contents

    Chapter 1. Introduction: Fundamental Concepts and Historical Foundations

    PART 1: Synaptic Basis of Memory

    Chapter 2. Memory and the Brain: Central Concepts
    Chapter 3. Generating Long-Term Potentiation
    Chapter 4. Stabilizing Long-Term Potentiation
    Chapter 5. Consolidating LTP: Translation and Transcription
    Chapter 6. Consolidating LTP: Specific Mechanisms
    Chapter 7. Maintaining Long-Term Potentiation
    Chapter 8. Bringing It All Together

    PART 2: Molecules and Memory

    Chapter 9. Making Memories: Conceptual Issues and Methodologies
    Chapter 10. Memory Formation: Early Stages
    Chapter 11. Memory Consolidation
    Chapter 12. Memory Modulation Systems
    Chapter 13. The Yin and Yang of Memory: Forgetting versus Maintenance
    Chapter 14 . Hunting for Engrams
    Chapter 15. The Fate of Retrieved Memories

    PART 3: Neural Systems and Memory

    Chapter 16. Memory Systems and the Hippocampus
    Chapter 17. The Hippocampus Index and Episodic Memory
    Chapter 18. When Memories Age
    Chapter 19. Actions, Habits, and the Cortico-Striatal System
    Chapter 20. Learning about Danger: The Neurobiology of Fear Memories

    Glossary
    Subject Index