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The Ethics of Reproductive Technology

Edited by Kenneth D. Alpern

Publication Date - November 1992

ISBN: 9780195074352

376 pages
6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

Retail Price to Students: $109.99


This timely anthology helps students examine the normative and conceptual issues raised by recent innovations in human reproduction, including in vitro fertilization, embryo transfer, and surrogate motherhood. Broad-based and interdisciplinary, it gathers together essays of remarkable depth and philosophical sophistication by legal scholars, health care professionals, scientists, and theologians as well as philosophers, paying particular attention to women's perspectives and to issues that concern women. Organized around issues rather than techniques and featuring unusually clear introductions to current ethical and legal debates, the text sets the conceptual framework for addressing issues of prudence, morality, and public policy while providing the broadest possible context for the readings and teasing out the connections among them.

Designed for a wide range of courses and for students at many levels, the anthology provides both a firm grounding in the basics--the biology of human reproduction, the specific procedures involved in various reproductive techniques, and the psychology of infertility--and a broad range of readings that provide the depth for more advanced thinking. Other unique features are a section on professional responsibilities that will appeal to more scientifically oriented students, a detailed study of the Baby M case that raises profound questions about the legal treatment of reproduction, and an annotated reading list that guides students past today's welter of popular ephemera to many important but lesser-known sources.

Table of Contents

    I. Biological, Technological, and Psychological Background
    Reproduction and Reproduction-Aiding Technologies, Lawrence J. Kaplan and Carolyn M. Kaplan
    Emotional Reactions to Infertility, Miriam D. Mazor
    II. Conflicting Perspectives: Issues, Positions, and Arguments
    Surrogate Motherhood: Not So Novel after All John A. Robertson
    Surrogate Motherhood Arrangements from the Perspective of the Child, Herbert T. Krimmel
    Fertilization of Human Eggs In Vitro: A Defense R. G. Edwards
    Instruction on Respect for Human Life in Its Origin and the Dignity of Procreation, Vatican, Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith
    The Meaning of Life--In the Laboratory, Leon Kass
    Progeny, Progress, and Primrose Paths, Samuel Gorovitz
    III. Why Have Children?: Meaning and Significance
    On the Relationship of Parents and Children, Aristotle
    The Mother, Simone de Beauvoir
    Genetic Puzzles and Stork Stories: On the Meaning and Significance of Having Children, Kenneth D. Alpern
    IV. Making and Selling People: Production and Commerce
    Market-Inalienability, Margaret Radin
    Begotten or Made?, Oliver O'Donovan
    V. Reproductive Technology and Women: Opportunity or Oppression?
    Surrogate Motherhood, The Challenge for Feminists, Lori B. Andrews
    The Mother Machine, Gena Corea
    The Ethics of Sex Preselection, Mary Anne Warren
    VI. Constitutional Rights, Law, and Public Policy
    Non-Coital Reproduction and Procreative Liberty, John A. Robertson
    Equal Protection for Whom?, George P. Smith III and Roberto Iraolo
    Legal Problems of Surrogate Motherhood, Noel P. Keane
    The Overdue Death of a Feminist Chameleon: Taking a Stand on Surrogacy Arrangements, Rosemarie Tong
    VII. Professional Responsibilities
    Ethical Considerations on In Vitro Fertilization, Ethics Committee of the American Fertility Society
    Social Responsibility Demands Treating All Patients in Need, Leonard J. Weber
    Responsible Stewardship Requires Not Cooperating with Surrogacy, Ann Neale
    VIII. Case Studies
    The Case of Baby M: Parenting through Contract When Everyone Wants the Child
    Parenting through Contract When No One Wants the Child
    Property or Persons? The Status of Embryos in In Vitro Fertilization
    Suggestions for Further Reading

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