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Cover

The Christian Tradition

A Historical and Theological Introduction

Peter Feldmeier

Publication Date - July 2016

ISBN: 9780199374380

400 pages
Paperback
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $67.95

Connects the historical and theological development of the Christian tradition across the globe

Description

Featuring an exceptionally lucid writing style and a holistic, integrated approach, The Christian Tradition: A Historical and Theological Introduction traces the history of Christianity across the world from its earliest origins up to the present. By connecting theological practices to historical developments, it helps students understand and appreciate how theological values and perspectives have grounded major figures and movements.

Revealing the many ways that tradition, history, doctrine, and practice are in constant dialogue, The Christian Tradition offers a fascinating and balanced introduction to Christianity.

PEDAGOGICAL FEATURES:

Numerous visual aids, including more than fifteen maps, keep students engaged

A master timeline at the beginning of the book and chapter-specific timelines provide historical context

"What to Expect" segments give students a preview of the major concepts covered in each chapter

Text boxes throughout offer in-depth looks at specific events, figures, and ideas

Key terms are bolded at their first appearance, listed at the end of each chapter, and reviewed in a comprehensive glossary at the end of the book

"Conclusions" sections at the end of each chapter remind students of the most important parts of the material they've just read

Features

  • Connects the historical and theological development of the Christian tradition across the globe
  • Shows students how theological values and perspectives have grounded major figures and movements
  • PEDAGOGICAL FEATURES:
  • Numerous visual aids, including more than fifteen maps, keep students engaged
  • A master timeline at the beginning of the book and chapter-specific timelines provide historical context
  • "What to Expect" segments give students a preview of the major concepts covered in each chapter
  • Text boxes throughout offer in-depth looks at specific events, figures, and ideas
  • Key terms are bolded at their first appearance, listed at the end of each chapter, and reviewed in a comprehensive glossary at the end of the book
  • "Conclusions" sections at the end of each chapter remind students of the most important parts of the material they've just read
  • End-of-chapter summary questions, discussion questions, and bibliographies provide students with additional support

About the Author(s)

Peter Feldmeier is the Murray/Bacik Endowed Chair of Catholic Studies at the University of Toledo and the author of several books about Christian theology, including The God Conflict (2014), Encounters in Faith (2011), and The Path of Wisdom (2011).

Reviews

"Peter Feldmeier is definitely to be commended for his writing style, which is accessible and presents complex subject matters well. I have no doubt that this book will soon become a standard in the field. It is very informative and reliable, global in scope, and provides a wealth of information."--Christian Eberhart, University of Houston

"The author has done a masterful job in gathering an enormous number of facts about the Christian tradition. Especially noteworthy are his efforts to discuss the entire tradition in common, east and west, and across cultures."--Frederick Parrella, Santa Clara University

Table of Contents

    List of Timelines
    Preface
    Master Timeline
    Chapter One: Introduction
    I. Introducing Christianity
    II. Christian Sources: The Wesleyan Quadrilateral
    III. The Bible as Authority
    A. Approaches to the Bible
    B. Themes of the Bible
    Chapter Two: The Old Testament
    I. Introduction
    II. The Bible and History
    III. Genesis and the Creation of the World
    A. Genesis 2:4.b-11:9: Adam and Eve
    B. Genesis 1:1-2:4a
    C. Making Sense of the Two Stories
    IV. Genesis and the Patriarchs (18th Century BCE)
    A. Making Sense of the Patriarchs
    V. Exodus
    A. Making Sense of the Exodus
    VI. Judges (c. 1250-1020 BCE)
    A. Making Sense of the Judges
    VII. Monarchy (c. 1020-586 BCE) and Other Dynasties
    A. Making Sense of the Monarchy
    VIII. Prophets
    IX. Main Theological Themes and Developments in Ancient Israel
    A. Law
    B. Priesthood and Sacrifice
    C. Polytheism to Monotheism
    D. Sheol, Heaven, and Hell
    E. Satan
    F. Israel's Relationship with Others
    X. Conclusions
    Chapter Three: Jesus and the New Testament
    I. The Setting
    II. The New Testament and How It was Formed
    III. The Gospels of Jesus
    IV. The Ministry of Jesus
    A. The Gospel of Mark
    B. The Gospel of Matthew
    C. The Gospel of Luke
    D. The Gospel of John
    E. Thinking about the Portraits of Jesus
    V. Conclusions
    Chapter Four: Development of Christianity in the New Testament
    I. Introduction to the Rest of the New Testament
    II. Acts of the Apostles
    III. The Apostle Paul (c. 5-67)
    A. Paul, the Early Church, and the Judaizers
    B. Paul's Letters
    C. Paul's Theology
    D. Paul's Soteriology: How Christians are Saved
    E. The Letter to the Galatians
    F. The End of Paul's Life
    IV. Conclusions
    Chapter Five: Christianity Becomes a Religion
    I. From Judaism to Christianity
    II. What is Christianity?
    A. Gnosticism
    B. Proto-Orthodox Christianity
    --i. The Three-fold Ministry
    --ii. The Catholic Church
    III. Persecutions
    IV. Apologists
    V. Conclusions
    Chapter Six: The Life of the Early Church
    I. From Apocalyptic to Eschatological
    II. Church as Center
    A. Baptism
    B. Eucharist
    C. Daily Gatherings
    III. Moral Rigor
    IV. Asceticism
    V. Consecrated Virginity
    VI. Veneration of Saints
    VII. Conclusions
    Chapter Seven: The Imperial Church
    I. Constantine
    II. Councils and Dogmas
    A. Nicaea (325)
    B. Constantinople (381)
    C. Ephesus (431)
    D. Chalcedon (451)
    III. Christological and Trinitarian Dogmas in Brief
    A. Jesus the Christ
    B. The Trinity
    C. Councils and the Breakup of the Patristic Church
    IV. Church and State
    V. Patriarchal Sees
    VI. Conclusions
    Chapter Eight: The Great Fathers and the Quest for Union with God
    I. Background
    II. Fathers of the East
    A. Origen
    B. Athanasius
    C. The Capadocians
    --i. Basil of Caesarea
    --ii. Gregory of Nazianzus
    --iii. Gregory of Nyssa
    III. Augustine and the West
    A. The Life of Augustine
    B. The Donatist Controversy
    C. The Pelagian Controversy
    D. City of God
    E. Augustine and Union with God
    F. Augustine's Legacy
    IV. Conclusions
    Chapter Nine: Christianity's Spiritual Life
    I. Monasticism
    A. Eastern Monasticism
    B. Western Monasticism
    II. Spiritual Practices and the Public Church
    III. Sacraments: Where Heaven and Earth Meet
    A. The Centrality of the Eucharist
    B. The Role of Mary
    C. Icons
    D. Hesychasm: Unceasing Prayer and Stillness
    IV. Conclusions
    Chapter Ten: Expansion and Change in the East and North
    I. Egypt, Nubia, and Ethiopia
    A. Egypt and Coptic Christianity
    B. Nubia
    C. Ethiopia
    II. The Church of the East
    III. Expansion of the Byzantine Church
    A. Armenia and Georgia (Iberia)
    B. Slavic Lands
    C. Russian Faith
    D. Conversions from the Top Down
    IV. The Surging of Islam
    V. Conclusions
    Chapter Eleven: The Church and the Western Empire
    I. Reconstitution of the West
    II. Ireland, England, and Scandinavia
    III. Charlemagne and the Holy Roman Empire
    A. From the Merovingians to the Carolingians
    B. Charlemagne
    IV. Considering Papal Developments
    A. Popes Leo I and Gelasius I
    B. Pope Gregory I
    C. Papal Quagmire, Reform, and the Separation of East and West
    D. Gregory VII
    E. Innocent III
    F. Boniface VIII
    V. Christianity and War
    A. Just War
    B. The Crusades
    VI. Conclusions
    Chapter Twelve: Medieval Piety and the Rise of the Universities
    I. Cultural Shifts in Europe
    A. From a Gift Economy to a Profit Economy
    B. Early Responses to the Shift
    C. The Inquisition
    II. The Dominican Response
    III. The Franciscan Response
    IV. Medieval Feminine Affective Piety
    A. Sexual Stereotypes
    B. Jesus as Mother
    C. Feminine Erotic Mysticism
    V. Shrines, Miracles, and the Medieval Mind
    VI. The Rise of the Universitiesd
    A. Christian Scholasticism
    B. Thomas Aquinas
    C. Nominalism
    VII. Conclusions
    Chapter Thirteen: The Renaissance
    I. From the Late Middle Ages to the Renaissance
    II. A Transformation of Culture
    III. Humanism and the Discovery of the Individual
    IV. Southern Renaissance
    A. Texts and the Power of Words
    B. Art and Architecture
    V. The Avignon Papacy, Conciliarism, and Renaissance Popes
    VI. Northern Renaissance
    VII. Voices of Reform
    VIII. Conclusions
    Chapter Fourteen: The Reformation
    I. Background
    II. Lutheran Reformation
    A. The Indulgence Issue
    B. Ninety-Five Theses and the Leipzig Debate
    C. The Diet of Worms
    D. Lutheran Separation
    E. Luther's Vision
    III. Swiss Reformed Christianity
    A. Ulrich Zwingli
    B. John Calvin
    C. Arminianism and T.U.L.I.P.
    IV. The Radical Reformation
    V. The English Reformation
    VI. Conclusions
    Chapter Fifteen: The Catholic Reformation
    I. Counter Reformation or Catholic Reformation?
    II. Carmelites and Further Developments of Mysticism
    III. Ignatius of Loyola and the Society of Jesus
    IV. The Council of Trent (1545-1563)
    A. Attempted Reforms Prior to Trent
    B. Trent
    V. Orthodoxy at the Time of the Reformation
    VI. Conclusion
    Chapter Sixteen: The Enlightenment: From Conflict to Tolerance
    I. The Wars of Religion
    A. The Thirty Years' War
    B. The Low Countries
    C. France
    D. Puritan Revolution
    E. How Religious were the Wars of Religion?
    II. Secured Statements of Faith
    III. The Enlightenment
    A. The Scientific Revolution
    B. Rationalism
    C. Empiricism
    D. Deism
    E. Faith in Humanity
    IV. Conclusions
    Chapter Seventeen: Colonization and Missions
    I. The Christian Imperative to Convert Souls
    II. Africa
    III. The New World
    A. Marian Intervention
    IV. Reactions against the Slave Trade
    V. The Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith
    VI. Asia
    A. India
    B. Japan
    C. China
    D. Asian Islands
    VII. Conclusions
    Chapter Eighteen: Christianity in the United States to the Civil War
    I. The American Colonies
    A. Virginia
    B. Massachusetts
    C. Rhode Island and Pennsylvania
    D. Colonial Alignments
    II. Pietism, Methodism, and the Evangelical Movement
    A. Pietism
    B. Methodism
    III. American Revivalism and Evangelicalism
    A. Jonathan Edwards and the First Great Awakening
    B. George Whitefield
    C. The Second Great Awakening
    IV. The American Revolution and the Separation of Church and State
    V. Catholics in America
    VI. Millennialism and New Denominations
    A. Black Churches
    VII. Conclusions
    Chapter Nineteen: Modern Challenges to Christianity
    I. The French Revolution and the Italian Risorgimento
    A. France
    B. Italy
    II. Atheism
    III. Evolution and the Scientific Worldview
    A. Science and Scientism
    B. Relationship between Science and Religion
    IV. Biblical Criticism
    V. Church Responses to the Modern Challenges of Faith
    A. Liberal Protestantism
    B. Neo-Orthodoxy
    C. Fundamentalism
    VI. Roman Catholicism
    A. Reactions against Modernism
    B. Vatican II
    VII. Eastern Orthodoxy: Russian and the Ottoman Decay
    VIII. Conclusions
    Chapter Twenty: The Rise of Evangelical and Pentecostal Christianity
    I. The Modern Evangelical Movement
    A. What Is an Evangelical Christian?
    B. Evangelicalism and the American Religious Right
    C. The Mega-Church Movement
    II. The Pentecostal Explosion
    A. The Early Movement
    B. Charismatic Renewal
    C. Pentecostal Piety
    D. Prosperity Preaching
    III. Conclusions
    Chapter Twenty-One: Modern Faith and Future Trends
    I. Leaving Behind Eurocentrism
    II. The Growth of Christianity World-Wide
    III. The Christian Explosion in Africa
    A. African Christianity and Violence
    IV. Korea
    A. Liberation TheologyTheologies
    B. Feminist Theology
    C. Black Theology
    VI. The Ecumenical Movement
    VII. Reconsidering the Religious Other
    A. Theologies of Religion
    B. Interreligious Dialogue
    VIII. The Future of Christianity
    IX. Conclusions
    Glossary of Key Terms
    Credits
    Index

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