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The Chinese Lady

Afong Moy in Early America

Nancy E. Davis

Publication Date - 01 February 2022

ISBN: 9780197581988

344 pages
6 1/8 x 9 1/4 inches

In Stock


In 1834, a young Chinese woman named Afong Moy arrived in America, her bound feet stepping ashore in New York City. She was both a prized guest and advertisement for a merchant firm--a promotional curiosity used to peddle exotic wares from the East. Over the next few years, she would shape Americans' impressions of China even as she assisted her merchant sponsors in selling the largest quantities of Chinese goods yet imported for the burgeoning American market.

Americans views of the exotic Far East in this early period before Chinese immigration were less critical than they would later become. Afong Moy became a subject of poetry, a trendsetter for hair styles and new fashions, and a lucky name for winning racehorses. She met Americans face to face in cities and towns across the country, appearing on local stages to sell and to entertain. Yet she also moved in high society, and was the first Chinese guest to be welcomed to the White House.

However, this success was not to last. As her novelty wore off, Afong Moy was cast aside by her managers. Though concerned public citizens rallied in support, her fame dwindled and she spent several years in a New Jersey almshouse. In the late 1840s, P.T. Barnum offered Afong Moy several years of promising renewal as the compatriot of Tom Thumb, yet this stint too was short-lived. In this first biography, Nancy E. Davis sheds light on the mystery of Afong Moy's life as a Chinese woman living in a foreign land.


  • The first biography of Afong Moy, the first known Chinese woman on American soil
  • Explores how the persona of Afong Moy shaped American perceptions of China and the East
  • Describes how everyday Chinese goods were brought to America by little known merchants
  • Identifies previously unknown aspects of P. T. Barnum's early career and activities

About the Author(s)

Nancy E. Davis is curator emeritus of Home and Community Life at the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution. She has worked as a public historian in local, state, and national museums for more than forty years. Her research in museums and as a lecturer has frequently addressed aspects of Asian influence on American culture.

Table of Contents



    Part One: Setting the Stage
    1. The Cast
    2. Behind the Scenes

    Part Two: The Show
    3. The Curtain Rises
    4. Afong Moy Presents Chinese Objects for the Person
    5. Afong Moy Presents Chinese Objects for the Home

    Part Three: On Tour
    6. New York to Charleston
    7. Return to the North
    8. Cuba and Up the Mississippi River

    Part Four: Finale
    9. Off Stage
    10. The Final Act



    Selected Bibliography


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