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Sport Psychology

Catherine Sanderson

Publication Date - November 2016

ISBN: 9780199917440

448 pages
Paperback
8 x 10 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $99.95

Featuring an engaging narrative and a streamlined format, Sport Psychology provides a comprehensive review of key theories and current research in the field

Description

FEATURES

*Emphasis on real-world examples and contemporary athletes in every chapter

*Connects to students on a personal level through "Test Yourself" features that enable students to rate themselves on various issues, attitudes, and behaviors and apply what they've learned to their own lives

*Emphasizes research with a thorough review of research methods in the first chapter and "Research in Action" boxes throughout that explore thought-provoking topics like the impact of superstition on athletic performance

*Integrates cutting-edge material in "Focus on Neuroscience" boxes that describe recent studies showing how the brain and hormones may impact athletic performance

*Focuses on youth in "Impact on Youth" boxes that demonstrate how theories and principles of sport psychology can be used with young athletes

*Addresses diversity issues in the opening chapter and in a unique chapter that considers how stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination regarding gender, race/ethnicity, and sexual orientation influence sport participation and performance

Features

  • Emphasis on real-world examples and contemporary athletes in every chapter
  • Connects to students on a personal level through "Test Yourself" features that enable students to rate themselves on various issues, attitudes, and behaviors and apply what they've learned to their own lives
  • Emphasizes research with a thorough review of research methods in the first chapter and "Research in Action" boxes throughout that explore thought-provoking topics like the impact of superstition on athletic performance
  • Integrates cutting-edge material in "Focus on Neuroscience" boxes that describe recent studies showing how the brain and hormones may impact athletic performance
  • Focuses on youth in "Impact on Youth>" boxes that demonstrate how theories and principles of sport psychology can be used with young athletes
  • Addresses diversity issues in the opening chapter and in a unique chapter that considers how stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination regarding gender, race/ethnicity, and sexual orientation influence sport participation and performance

About the Author(s)

Catherine A. Sanderson is the Manwell Family Professor of Life Sciences (Psychology) at Amherst College. She received her undergraduate degree from Stanford and her graduate degrees from Princeton. She has published more than twenty-five journal articles and book chapters in addition to three college textbooks. In 2012 she was named one of the country's top 300 professors by the Princeton Review. She is the faculty advisor to the men's ice hockey team at Amherst College and the NCAA Faculty Representative.

Reviews

"Sport Psychology provides interesting examples that are relevant and current in order to capture students' attention. The writing is very good and accessible to students from a wide range of backgrounds." --Todd Wilkinson, University of Wisconsin, River Falls

"I love that Sport Psychology connects theory and research to real-world examples and students' own experiences. This enables them to relate to the information, understand its importance, and also see how they can use it in their future careers and personal lives."-- Kirsten Lupinski, Albany State University

Table of Contents

    Preface
    Ancillary Package
    Acknowledgements

    Chapter 1 - Introduction and Research Methods
    Understanding Sport Psychology
    Types of sport psychologists
    Specializations in sport psychology
    Careers in sport psychology
    i. Impact on Youth: The Benefits of Sport Psychology For Young Athletes
    A History of Sport Psychology
    The early years
    The formative years
    Contemporary sport psychology
    i. Focus on Neuroscience: What Does Failure Look Like in the Brain?
    Understanding Research Methods
    Procedures for testing research ideas
    Descriptive methods
    i. Test Yourself: Are You a Perfectionist?
    Experimental methods
    Improving the quality of research studies
    i. Research in Action: Why Teams Traveling East Win More
    Current Issues in Sport Psychology
    Upholding ethical standards
    Increasing attention on diversity
    Expanding the focus on research

    Chapter 2 - Personality
    General Theories of Personality
    Psychodynamic theory
    Humanistic theory
    Trait theory
    Social learning theory
    i. Research in Action: Why Do Younger Brothers Steal More Bases?
    Interactional theory
    Sport-Specific Individual Difference Measures
    Profile of mood states
    i. Test Yourself: Are You Emotionally Intelligent?
    Emotional intelligence
    Athletic coping skills inventory
    Understanding the Personality-Athletic Participation Link
    Level of achievement
    Type of sport
    Position
    i. Focus on Neuroscience: Can Our Genes Lead to Skydiving?
    What is the mechanism?
    Using Individual Difference Measures in Sport Settings
    Distinguish correlation from causation
    i. Impact on Youth: Does Playing Sports Change Your Personality? Yes!
    Recognize the limits of self-report
    Understand test error
    Remember ethical guidelines

    Chapter 3 - Attribution and Cognition
    Understanding Attribution
    Theories of attribution
    i. Test Yourself: What Types of Attributions Do You Make?
    Consequences of attributions
    Factors Influencing Attributions
    Individual difference variables
    Demographic variables
    i. Research in Action: Are Female Athletes Really Just Lucky?
    Culture
    Errors in Attributions and Cognition
    Attributional errors
    i. Focus on Neuroscience: Why A Rival Team's Failure Feels Good in the Brain
    Action bias
    The "Hot Hand" effect
    Benefits of Changing Attributions
    Understand the impact of thoughts
    Emphasize the power of effort
    Increase self-efficacy
    Improve expectations, emotions and persistence
    i. Impact on Youth: Why Attributions Really Matter

    Chapter 4 - Motivation
    Understanding Motivation
    Achievement motivation
    Types of motivation
    i. Focus on Neuroscience: The Impact of Testosterone on Motivation
    i. Research in Action: Why Owners Should Be Wary of Big Contracts
    Influence of the group on motivation
    Theories of Achievement Motivation
    Need achievement theory (Atkinson-McClelland)
    Self-efficacy theory (Bandura)
    Competence motivation theory (Harter)
    Sport-confidence model (Vealey)
    Achievement goal theory
    i. Test Yourself: What Motivates Members of Your Team?
    Strategies for Increasing Intrinsic Motivation
    Create motivating environments
    Emphasize effort, not outcome
    Recognize individual differences
    i. Impact on Youth: Why Teammates, Coaches, and Parents Should Emphasize Skills, Not Wins
    Use appropriate reinforcement
    Give positive and personal feedback

    Chapter 5 - Goal Setting
    Understanding Goal Setting
    Types of goals
    The impact of goal type
    Understanding the Goal Setting-Performance Link
    Directing attention
    Increasing effort
    Prolonging persistence
    i. Focus on Neuroscience: Evidence for Effort in the Brain
    Developing new strategies
    i. Research in Action: The Power of Internal Motivation
    Additional explanations
    Principles of Effective Goal Setting
    Set appropriate goals
    Develop goal achievement strategies
    i. Test Yourself: Goal Commitment Scale
    i. Impact on Youth: Why Coach-Set Goals Do Work For Some Athletes

    Chapter 6 - Arousal and Anxiety
    Understanding Arousal and Anxiety
    Physiology of Arousal
    Psychology of Arousal
    i. Test Yourself: How Do You Think About Stress?
    Measuring Arousal and Anxiety
    Self-Report Measures
    Behavioral Measures
    Physiological Measures
    i. Focus on Neuroscience: How Brain Activation Can Differentiate Professional Versus Amateur Athletes
    Understanding the Arousal/Anxiety-Performance Link
    Drive Theory
    Social Facilitation Theory
    Inverted-U Hypothesis
    i. Research in Action: Why--and When--Do Home Teams Choke?
    Extensions of Inverted-U Theory
    Individual Zone of Optimal Functioning Theory
    Flow
    i. Impact on Youth: The Confidence-Flow Link

    Chapter 7 - Psychological Skills Training
    Understanding Psychological Skills Training
    Coping strategies
    Phases of psychological skills training
    Misunderstandings about psychological skills training
    Regulating Arousal
    Behavioral strategies
    Cognitive strategies
    i. Test Yourself: How Mindful Are You?
    Cognitive-behavioral strategies
    Arousal energizing strategies
    Attention and Concentration
    Understanding attention
    Common attentional problems
    i. Focus on Neuroscience: Can Squeezing a Ball Lead to Better Performance?
    Strategies for improving attention and concentration
    i. Research in Action: The Power of Superstition
    Imagery
    Understanding imagery
    i. Impact on Youth: Why Earlier Is Better for Imagery Training
    Theories explaining the power of imagery
    Explaining the imagery-performance link

    Chapter 8 - Aggression
    Understanding Aggression
    Types of aggression
    Measuring aggression
    i. Focus on Neuroscience: Does Winning Impact Fans' Testosterone?
    i. Test Yourself: The Competitive Aggressiveness and Anger Scale
    The aggression-performance link
    Theories of Aggression
    Instinct theory
    Social learning theory
    i. Impact on Youth: The Powerful Impact of Modeling Aggression
    Frustration-aggression theory
    Moral reasoning theory
    General aggression model (GAM)
    Factors Influencing Aggression in Athletic Performance
    Personality
    Team factors
    Uniform color
    i. Research in Action: Are Referees Biased Against Teams Wearing Red?
    Game factors
    Strategies for Reducing Violence in Sports
    Punish aggression
    Model prosocial behavior
    Emphasize character and sportsmanship
    Limit alcohol use

    Chapter 9 - Stereotypes, Prejudice, and Discrimination
    Understanding Common Athlete Stereotypes
    Gender
    Race/ethnicity
    Sexual orientation
    Factors Contributing to Stereotyping and Prejudice
    Social learning theory
    Social identity theory
    i. Impact on Youth: The Impact of Gender Differences in Sport Photos
    Cognitive biases
    i. Research in Action: Does Race Impact Referees' Calls?
    Consequences of Athlete Stereotypes
    Negative self-evaluations
    Self-fulfilling prophecy
    Stereotype threat
    i. Test Yourself: How Strongly Do You Perceive the Dumb Jock Stereotype?
    Strategies for Reducing Prejudice and Discrimination in Sport Settings
    Presence of role models
    i. Focus on Neuroscience: Do Athletes Have Bigger Brains?
    Equal status contact
    Pursuit of common goals
    Sanction by authority

    Chapter 10 - Team Cohesion
    Understanding Team Cohesion
    Types of cohesion
    The development of cohesion
    Measuring cohesion
    i. Test Yourself: How Cohesive is Your Team?
    Factors Influencing Team Cohesion
    Environmental factors
    Personal factors
    Team factors
    i. Focus on Neuroscience: The Power of Group Identification
    Leadership factors
    Explaining the Cohesion-Performance Link
    Mechanisms explaining the cohesion-performance link
    i. Research in Action: Does Touching Lead to Winning?
    Factors moderating cohesion-performance link
    Direction of causality
    The downside of (social) cohesion
    Strategies for Building Team Cohesion
    For coaches and team leaders
    For team members
    i. Impact on Youth: The Real Value of Positive Coaching

    Chapter 11 - Leadership
    General Theories of Leadership
    Trait (or "Great Man") theory
    Behavior theories
    Interactional approach
    Sport-Specific Models of Leadership
    Multidimensional model of leadership
    i. Test Yourself: Leadership Scale for Sports
    Leadership behavior model
    i. Impact on Youth: Why Good Coaching Really Helps Young Athletes
    Model of coaching efficacy
    Communication
    Types of communication
    Common communication problems
    i. Research in Action: Why Anger Management Matters
    Improving communication
    i. Focus on Neuroscience: Good Coaching Looks Different in the Brain

    Chapter 12 - Common Issues: Injury and Burnout
    Understanding Injuries
    i. Focus on Neuroscience: The Lasting Impact of Head Injuries
    Physical factors associated with athletic injuries
    Psychosocial factors associated with athletic injuries
    i. Research in Action: The Media's Role in Characterizing Athletic Injuries
    Reactions to Athletic Injury
    Stage models
    Injury response model
    Loss of identity
    Positive emotions
    Psychological Strategies for Recovering from Injury
    Provide information and education
    Maintain good social support
    Learn coping skills
    Understanding Burnout
    Symptoms of burnout
    Factors contributing to burnout
    i. Test Yourself: Athlete Burnout Questionnaire
    i. Impact on Youth: The Hazards of Perfectionism
    Models of Burnout
    Negative-training stress response model
    Investment model of burnout
    Empowerment/Unidimensional identity development model
    Cognitive-affective stress model of burnout
    Burnout in Sports Professionals
    Coaches
    Officials
    Athletic trainers
    Treating and Preventing Burnout
    Create a good social support system
    Maintain a positive mind-set
    Emphasize internal motivation
    Develop stress management skills
    Emphasize an athlete-centered model

    Chapter 13 - Unhealthy Behaviors: Drug Abuse and Disordered Eating
    Understanding Drug Abuse
    Types of performance-enhancing drugs and procedures
    Prevalence of performance-enhancing drug use
    Prevalence of recreational drug use among athletes
    Consequences of drug abuse
    i. Focus on Neuroscience: The Impact of Steroids on Aggression
    Factors Predicting Drug Abuse
    Physical motivation
    Psychological motivation
    Social motivation
    Decreasing Substance Abuse
    Prevention
    Detection
    i. Research in Action: Are Steroid Users Cheaters? Yes!
    Understanding Eating Disorders
    Types of disordered eating
    i. Test Yourself: Eating Attitudes Test
    Prevalence of disordered eating in sports
    Consequences of eating disorders
    Predisposing Factors
    Personality
    Type of sport
    i. Impact on Youth: Weight Concerns Appear Even for Young Girls Involved in Aesthetic Sports
    Coach and peer pressure
    Sociocultural factors
    Reducing Eating Disorders in Athletes
    Emphasize healthy eating and exercise habits
    Emphasize fitness and performance, not weight
    Identify and intervene early
    Change rules and regulations

    Glossary
    Credits
    Index