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Sources for Forging the Modern World

Second Edition

James Carter and Richard Warren

Publication Date - 14 September 2018

ISBN: 9780190901936

240 pages
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Affordable and flexible sources to accompany Forging the Modern World, Second Edition


Designed specifically to accompany Forging the Modern World: A History, Second Edition, by James Carter and Richard Warren, Sources for Forging the Modern World includes eighty-six primary source documents. Expertly edited for clarity and pedagogical utility, the sources range from letters, political tracts, memoirs, and fiction, to essays, speeches, and legal documents. Each source is also accompanied by a headnote and reading questions. Affordable and flexible, Sources for Forging the Modern World makes for an ideal companion to Forging the Modern World.

Please contact your local Oxford University Press representative to learn about discounted pricing when Sources for Forging the Modern World is bundled with Forging the Modern World, Second Edition.

About the Author(s)

James Carter is Professor of History at Saint Joseph's University. Richard Warren is Professor of History at Saint Joseph's University.

Table of Contents


    About the Authors

    Chapter 1: The Many Worlds of the 15th Century, 1405-1510
    1.1 "The staging post for companies of pilgrims from the Sudan and caravans of merchants
    going to Cairo." Ibn Khaldun, Muqqadima, ca. 1378
    1.2 "Zheng He who had been sent to the various countries of the Western Ocean, returned." Ming Veritable History, 1405-1431
    1.3 "There also came envoys from Riga, Iur'ev, Kolyvan, and Lübeck," Treaty of Novgorod with the Hanseatic Towns, 1436
    1.4 "They exchanged gold until they depressed its value in Egypt." Al-Umari, Mansa Musa's Visit to Cairo, 1324.
    1.5 "If we were willing to barter for so many rubies, he would amply satisfy us." The Itinerary of Ludovico Di Varthema of Bologna, 1510
    1.6 "They bring their pale gold and give it in exchange." Ma Huan, Overall Survey of the Ocean's Shores, 1433.

    Chapter 2: The New Global Interface: 1486-1639
    2.1 "We Shall Powerfully enter into your Country." The Spanish Requirement, 1510
    2.2 "Whenever they chose to come, they would see who we were." Letter of Hernán Cortés to King Charles V, 1520
    2.3 "They were like one who speaks a barbarous tongue." Indigenous Accounts of the Conflict with Cortés, mid-16th century
    2.4 "The Spanish commonwealth will be gravely risked." Letter of Viceroy of New Spain Luis de Velasco to Emperor Charles V, 1553
    2.5 "The Dutch Must Maintain their Right of Trade." Hugo Grotius, The Freedom of the Seas, 1609
    2.6 "Japanese ships are strictly forbidden to leave for foreign countries." Sakoku Edict, 1635

    Chapter 3: The Paradoxes of Early Modern Empire, 1501-1661
    3.1 "How things are in real life." Niccolò Machiavelli, The Prince, 1513
    3.2 "With God's help we sank and utterly destroyed one of the enemy's galleons." Seydi Ali Reis, The Mirror of Countries, 1557
    3.3 "Have mercy on these poor people! Let whoever can stab, smite, slay." The Twelve Articles of the Upper Swabian Peasants and Martin Luther, Against the Murdering and Robbing Bands of Peasants, 1525
    3.4 "Only those who justly deserve to be punished should be punished." Robert Bellarmine, The Office of a Christian Prince, 1618
    3.5 "Conquest tolerates not inaction." Memoirs of Babur, ca. 1526
    3.6 "Everything from your own person up to the whole nation should be a matter of study." Gu Yanwu, True Learning and On Bureaucratic Local Administration, ca. 1660

    Chapter 4: Production and Consumption in the First Global Economy, 1571- 1701
    4.1 "Some making a profit, others left bankrupt." Elviya Celebi. The Book of Travels, ca. 1640-1681
    4.2 "A great harm not only to the service of God, but to the security and peace of our Kingdoms." Affonso of Congo to the King of Portugal, 1526 and Advice to the King of Spain and Portugal on Slavery, ca. 1612
    4.3 "He pours out the Treasures of the Indies." José de Acosta, Natural and Moral History of the Indies, 1590
    4.4 "Shall you grow to be a great tree." The Burgomaster of Nagasaki to the Governor General of the Dutch East India Company, 1642
    4.5 "Prohibit the traffic in the above-mentioned merchandise from China." Spanish Imperial Decrees, 1586
    4.6 "Gold and Silver Come at Length to be Swallowed up in Hindoustan." François Bernier, Travels in the Mogul Empire, AD 1656-1668

    Chapter 5: Global War and Imperial Reform, 1655-1765
    5.1 "The reason why men enter into society is the preservation of their property." John Locke, Two Treatises of Government, 1689
    5.2 "Discover as much as possible how to put ships to sea during a naval battle." Peter the Great. Decrees, 1714 and 1724
    5.3 "Esteem most highly filial piety and brotherly submission," The Sacred Edict of the Yongzheng Emperor, ca. 1723-35
    5.4 "They were resolved to regain their liberty if possible." William Snelgrave. A New Account of Some Parts of Guinea and the Slave Trade, 1730
    5.5 "We fear the damage from a public disclosure." Jorge Juan and Antonio de Ulloa, Discourse and Political Reflections on the Kingdom of Peru, 1749
    5.6 "Our hearty thanks for the care you take of us in supplying us with ammunition." Meetings between a British General and Leaders of Mohawks, Oneidas and Tuscaroras, 1755-1756
    5.7 "The Sovereign is absolute." Catherine II of Russia, Instructions for a New Law Code, 1767

    Chapter 6: A New Order for the Ages, 1755-1839
    6.1 "We hold these truths to be self-evident." The U.S. Declaration of Independence, 1776
    6.2 "The state ought not to be considered as nothing better than a partnership agreement." Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France, 1790
    6.3 "Woman is born free and lives equal to man in her rights." Olympe de Gouges, Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen, 1791
    6.4 "We will distance forever from this colony the horrible events." Toussaint Louverture, Proclamation, 1801
    6.5 "I have simply been a mere plaything of the revolutionary storm." Simón Bolívar. Address at the Congress of Angostura, 1819
    6.6 "Great revolutions are the work rather of principles than of bayonets." Giuseppe Mazzini, Manifesto of Young Italy, 1831
    6.7 "The Benefit of a Good Administration." The Rescript of Gülhane, 1839

    Chapter 7: The Engines of Industrialization, 1787-1868
    7.1 "The principle of the factory system then is, to substitute mechanical science for hand skill." Andrew Ure, The Philosophy of Manufactures, 1835
    7.2 "I have wrought in the bowels of the earth thirty-three years." The Condition and Treatment of the Children Employed in the Mines and Collieries, 1842
    7.3 "No exemptions from attacks of epidemic disease." Edwin Chadwick, Report on the Sanitary Condition of the Labouring Population, 1842
    7.4 "The statutes of the heavenly dynasty cannot but be obeyed with fear and trembling!" Qian Long Emperor to King George III, 1793 and Letter from the High Imperial Commissioner Lin and his Colleagues to Queen Victoria of England, 1840
    7.5 "To carry the laws of the United States into Turkey and China." Caleb Cushing, Opinion of the Attorney General, 1855
    7.6 "All lie stretched in the mud and dust, drenched in their own blood." Henry Dunant, A
    Memory of Solferino, 1859 and Florence Nightingale, Letter to Sidney Herbert, 1855
    7.7 "The best adapted to all the crops cultivated in this country." Solon Robinson, Guano: A Treatise of Practical Information, 1853

    Chapter 8: Modernity Organized, 1840-1889
    8.1 "Working Men of All Countries, Unite." Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Manifesto of the Community Party, 1848
    8.2 "Paris in America." Herbert H. Smith, Brazil, the Amazons, and the Coast, 1879
    8.3 "The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman," Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Declaration of Sentiments, 1848
    8.4 "Demand rights for women." Flora Tristán, Workers' Union, 1843. Sojourner Truth, Address to the First Annual Meeting of the American Equal Rights Association, 1867
    8.5 "Evil Customs of the Past Shall be Broken Off." The Charter Oath (Japan), 1868; The Emancipation Manifesto (Russia), 1861
    8.6 "There are endless changes in the world." Zeng Guofan and Li Hongzhang, Letter to the Zongli Yamen, 1871 and Xue Fucheng, Suggestions on Foreign Affairs, 1879
    8.7 "China is just the Opposite." Li Gui, Glimpses of a Modern Society, 1876

    Chapter 9: Globalization and Its Discontents, 1878-1910
    9.1. "Take Up the White Man's Burden." Rudyard Kipling, The White Man's Burden, 1899 and H. T. Johnson, "The Black Man's Burden," 1899
    9.2 "A matter of vital importance for Germany's Development." Friedrich Fabri, Does Germany Need Colonies?, 1879
    9.3 "What a pity she wasn't born a lad." Emmeline Pankhurst, My Own Story, 1914
    9.4 "One knows the futility of trying to prevent the onslaught of Western civilization." Fukuzawa Yukichi, Goodbye Asia, 1885
    9.5 "Civilization is not an incurable disease, but it should never be forgotten that the English people are at present afflicted by it." Mohandas K Gandhi, Hind Swaraj, 1909.
    9.6 "they thought it better for a man to die rather than live in such torment." Oral histories of the Maji Maji Rising, 1967
    9.7 "Do Not Tell the White People about this." Wovoka and the Ghost Dance, 1890

    Chapter 10: Total War and Mass Society, 1905-1928
    10.1 "the peoples of Asia have cherished the hope of shaking off the yoke of European oppression," Sun Yat-sen, Speech on Pan-Asianism, 1924
    10.2 "Things will never be as they were." Correspondence of Vera Brittain, 1915 and 1918
    10.3 "A free, open-minded, and absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims." Woodrow Wilson, Address to U.S. Congress, 1918 and Nguyen Ai Quoc (Ho Chi Minh), Letter to U.S. Secretary of State, 1919
    10.4 "The Nation shall at all times have the right to impose on private property." The Constitution of Mexico, 1917
    10.5 "It is proved in the pamphlet that the war of 1914-18 was imperialist." V.I. Lenin, Imperialism, The Highest Stage of Capitalism: A Popular Outline, 1917 and 1920
    10.6 "throughout history one of the constant features of social struggle has been the attempt to change relationships between the sexes," Alexandra Kollontai, Sexual Relations and the Class Struggle, 1921
    10.7 "The Fascist conception of life stresses the importance of the State." Benito Mussolini and Giovanni Gentile, Fascism: Doctrine and Institutions,1932

    Chapter 11: The Ongoing Crisis of Global Order, 1919-1948
    11.1 "Certainly a government needs power, it needs strength."Adolf Hitler, Munich Speech of
    April 12, 1921
    11.2 "It is international morality which is at stake." Haile Selassie, Speech to the League of Nations, 1936
    11.3 "They will sweep all the imperialists, warlords, corrupt officials, local tyrants and
    evil gentry into their graves." Mao Zedong, Report on the Peasant Movement in Hunan,
    11.4 "When will it no longer be necessary to attach special weight to the word 'woman'" Ding Ling, Thoughts on March 8 (International Women's Day), 1942
    11.5 "Who is to blame for the condition of China?" Hirosi Saito, The Conflict in the Far East, 1939
    11.6 "The work of operating the gas chambers was carried out by a special Commando." Primo Levi with Leonardo de Benedetti. Auschwitz Report, 1946
    11.7 "Our forces dare take their position beside any force in the world. Gen. Aung San, Address to the East West Association, 1945

    Chapter 12: Hot Wars, Cold Wars and Decolonization: 1942-1975
    12.1 "An iron curtain has descended across the Continent." Winston Churchill, Address at Westminster College (Fulton, Missouri), 1946
    12.2 "Mr. Churchill and his friends bear a striking resemblance to Hitler." Joseph Stalin Interview, 1946
    12.3 "Vietnam has the right to be a free and independent country." Vietnamese Declaration of Independence, 1945
    12.4 "The equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family." United Nations Declaration of Human Rights, 1948
    12.5 "We cannot afford even to think of failure." Kwame Nkrumah speeches, 1957 and 1962
    12.6 "We want to advance in the technological sphere and the scientific sphere rapidly." Jawaharlal Nehru, Convocation Address, Indian Institute of Technology, 1956
    12.7 "Some governments still rest on the theory of racist superiority." Indira Gandhi, "Martin
    Luther King" (Speech at the presentation of the Jawaharial Nehru Award for International Understanding to Coretta Scott King), 1969

    Chapter 13: The Many Worlds of the 21st Century, 1972-2012
    13.1 "We shall confront the world with our ideology." Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini speech, 1980
    13.2 "Comrade Gorbachev recommended not to be deterred." Memorandum of Conversation between Egon Krenz and Mikhail S. Gorbachev, 1989
    13.3 "An axis of evil." George W. Bush, State of the Union Address, 2002 and Hugo Chávez, Address to the United Nations General Assembly, 2008
    13.4 "The backward glance leading to self-knowledge." Mary Robinson, Keynote Address, International Conference on Hunger, 1995
    13.5 "The deepest roots of the problems of contemporary civilization lie in the sphere of the human spirit." Václav Havel, Mahatma Gandhi Award Acceptance Speech, 2004 and Nigel Farage, Address to the UKIP Conference, 2013
    13.6 "People have not become more open-minded." Sri Mulyani Indrawati, Commencement Address at the University of Virginia, 2016