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Sources for Cultures of the West

Volume 2: Since 1350

Third Edition

Clifford R. Backman

Publication Date - October 2019

ISBN: 9780190070311

408 pages
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Sources that highlight key themes in the study of Western civilization


Designed to accompany Cultures of the West: Volume 1: To 1750, Third Edition (2019), and Cultures of the West: Volume 2: Since 1350, Third Edition (2019), by Clifford R. Backman, the third editions of Sources for Cultures of the West, Volume 1: To 1750 and Sources for Cultures of the West, Volume 2: Since 1350 feature approximately six written sources per chapter that highlight key themes in the study of Western civilization. Each of the 189 sources is accompanied by a headnote. Each volume begins with a special unit, "How to Read a Primary Source," that provides students with important advice on how to work with textual documents in studying the past. The third edition includes twenty-one new sources.

New to this Edition

  • The third edition of Sources for Cultures of the West features a total of twenty-one new sources

About the Author(s)

Clifford R. Backman is Associate Professor of History at Boston University, where he has been a member of the department since 1989. He is currently at work on a book that traces the development of toleration and interpersonal forgiveness in medieval Christianity, Judaism, and Islam.

Table of Contents

    *=New to this Edition
    CHAPTER 12. Renaissances and Reformations
    12.1 Petrarca, "Letter to Posterity"
    12.2 From Ariosto, Orlando Furioso (Mad Orlando), 1516
    12.3 Machiavelli, Discourses on Livy, ca. 1517
    12.4 Erasmus, "Letter to a Friend," "Julius Excluded from Heaven," and Introduction to the Gospels, first published 1522
    * 12.5 Martin Luther, On the Freedom of a Christian, dedicatory letter to Pope Leo X (1520)
    12.6 Martin Luther, "Preface to the New Testament," first published 1522
    12.7 Francesco Guicciardini, Florence under Lorenzo de' Medici
    12.8 Cellini, My Life, 1558-1563
    12.9 Vasari, Lives of Artists, first published in 1550, revised and added to until 1568
    CHAPTER 13. Worlds Old and New
    13.1 Bartolomé de las Casas, A Short Account, written 1542; published 1552
    * 13.2 Nicolaus Copernicus, Dedication of The Revolutions of the Heavenly Bodies to Pope Paul III (1543)
    13.3 Galileo Galilei, Letter to Don Benedetto Castelli, December 21, 1613
    13.4 John Donne, Sermon (December 12, 1626); "To His Mistress Going to Bed" (1633)
    13.5 Descartes, A Discourse on Method, 1637
    13.6 The Jesuit Relations, French North America, 1649
    13.7 Thomas Hobbes, "On Natural Law," Leviathan, 1651
    CHAPTER 14. The War of All Against All
    14.1 John Foxe, Foxe's Book of Martyrs, Trial of Anne Askew
    14.2 Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq, "The Court of Suleiman the Magnificent," 1581
    14.3 From Christopher Marlowe, The Massacre at Paris, ca. 1593
    14.4 Johannes Junius, Letter to His Daughter and Trial Transcript, 1628
    CHAPTER 15. From Westphalia to Paris: Regimes Old and New
    15.1 Anne of France, Lessons for My Daughter (late 16th Century)
    15.2 Molière, The Misanthrope, first performed 1666
    15.3 Cardinal Richelieu, "The Role of the King," Political Testament, ca. 1638, first published 1688
    15.4 Jean Domat, Civil Laws According to the Natural Order, 1697
    15.5 François Fénelon, The Adventures of Telemachus, 1699
    CHAPTER 16. The Enlightened
    16.1 John Locke, "Of Tyranny," Two Treatises of Government, 1689
    16.2 Daniel Defoe, Journal of the Plague Year, 1722
    16.3A Rousseau, "A Discourse on the Origin of Inequality," 1755
    16.3B Voltaire, Letter to Rousseau on the Latter's "Discourse on the Origin of Inequality," 1755
    16.4 Cesare Beccaria, "On Torture," Of Crimes and Punishments, 1764
    16.5 Adam Smith, "Of the Principle of the Commercial or Mercantile System," Wealth of Nations, 1776
    CHAPTER 17. The War Against Absolutism
    17.1 Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France, 1790
    17.2 Maximilien Robespierre, Report of the Principles of Public Morality, 1794
    17.3 Napoleon, Letters to his Brother Jerome, 1801-1812
    17.4 Jakob Walter, Diary of a Napoleonic Foot Soldier, written 1856, first published 1932
    CHAPTER 18. Industrialization and Its Discontents
    18.1 William Wordsworth, "Tintern Abbey," 1798; "The World Is too Much with Us," 1806
    18.2 Letter of Bettina von Arnim to Johann Goethe, 1810
    18.3 Thomas Carlyle, "Signs of the Times," 1829
    18.4 Henry Mayhew, London Labour and the London Poor, 1851
    CHAPTER 19. The Birth of Modern Politics
    19.1 Lajos Kossuth's Speech of the 11th July, 1848
    19.2 Karl Marx, "First Premises of the Materialist Method," The German Ideology, 1846, first published 1932
    19.3 Johann Georg Eccarius, from "The Friend of the People," No. 4, January 4, 1851
    19.4 Caroline Norton, "On the Infant Custody Bill," 1839; "On Divorce," 1855
    19.5 Isabella Beeton, From Mrs. Beeton's Book of Household Management, 1861
    CHAPTER 20. Nationalism and Identity
    20.1 Rifa'a al-Tahtawi, An Imam in Paris: Account of a Stay in Paris by an Egyptian Cleric, 1826-1831
    20.2 Charles Trevelyan, The Irish Crisis, 1848
    20.3 Matthew Arnold, Preamble; "On a Definition of Culture," Culture and Anarchy, 1867
    20.4 Edward Augustus Freeman, Race and Language, 1879
    20.5 Flora Annie Steel and Grace Gardiner, Complete Indian Housekeeper and Cook, 1888
    20.6 Theodor Herzl, The Jewish State, 1895
    CHAPTER 21. The Modern Woman
    21.1 Mary Wollstonecraft, Vindication of the Rights of Women, 1792
    21.2 Caroline Norton, English Laws for Women in the Nineteenth Century, 1854
    21.3 Winnifred Cooley, "The Bachelor Maiden," The New Womanhood, 1904
    21.4 Maria Montessori, The Montessori Method: Scientific Pedagogy as Applied to Child Education, 1912
    * 21.5 Emmeline Pankhurst, "Freedom or Death" (1913)
    * 21.6 Rebecca West, "The Sterner Sex" (1913)
    CHAPTER 22. The Challenge of Secularism
    22.1 Charles Lyell, from "On Extinct Quadrupeds," Principles of Geology, 1830-1833
    22.2 Abraham Geiger, "Moral and Legal Rules," Judaism and Islam, 1833
    22.3 Ernst Renan, "Miracles"
    22.4 Charles Baudelaire, "The Painter of Modern Life," 1863
    22.5 Charles Darwin, "On Sociability," The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, 1871
    22.6 Joris-Karl Huysmans, Against Nature (A Rebours), 1884
    22.7 Oscar Wilde, "The Soul of Man under Socialism," 1891
    22.8 Wassily Kandinsky, On the Spiritual Element in Art, 1912
    22.9 Sigmund Freud, Civilization and Its Discontents, 1929
    CHAPTER 23. The Great Land Grab
    23.1 Winston Churchill, "The Battle of Omdurman," The River War, 1899
    23.2 John A. Hobson, "Criticism of Imperialism," Imperialism, 1902
    23.3 Mark Twain, "King Leopold's Soliloquy," 1905
    23.4 Mohandas Gandhi, Indian Home Rule
    23.5 Frederick Taylor, The Principles of Scientific Management, 1911
    23.6 Presidential Address of Chitta Ranjan Das, Indian National Congress at Gaya, December 1922
    CHAPTER 24. The World at War (Part I)
    24.1 Rudyard Kipling, France at War, 1915
    24.2 Extracts from the Treaty of Versailles, 1919
    24.3 Ernst Junger, Storm of Steel, 1920
    24.4 Robert Graves, Goodbye to All That, 1929
    24.5 Norman Angell, The Great Illusion, 1933
    CHAPTER 25. Radical Realignments
    25.1 Harry Sacher, "A Jewish Palestine," 1917
    25.2 John Maynard Keynes, The Economic Consequences of the Peace, 1919
    25.3 Paul Valéry, A Crisis of the Mind, 1919
    25.4 Henry Ford, The International Jew, 1920
    25.5 Excerpts from a Speech Delivered by Adolf Hitler to Open the 1933 Congress of the National Socialist Party
    25.6 Mussolini, "Force and Consent," 1923
    25.7 Oswald Spengler (1880-1936), The Decline of the West
    25.8 Friedrich Hayek, "Economic Control and Totalitarianism," 1944
    CHAPTER 26. The World at War (Part II)
    26.1 Aldous Huxley, An Encyclopaedia of Pacifism, 1937
    26.2 Virginia Woolf, Three Guineas, 1938
    26.3 Adolf Hitler, Speech from September 19, 1939
    26.4 Gustave Gilbert, Nuremburg Diary, 1947
    26.5 Arthur Koestler, The God That Failed, 1949
    CHAPTER 27. Theater of the Absurd: The Postwar World
    27.1 Albert Camus, The Myth of Sisyphus, 1942
    27.2 Nikolai Novikov, On Post-War American Policy, 1946
    27.3 Winston Churchill, "Iron Curtain" Speech, March 5, 1947
    27.4 The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948
    27.5 Introduction to The Second Sex (1949)
    27.6 Abba Eban, The Arab Refugee Problem, 1958
    CHAPTER 28. Something to Believe In
    28.1 Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Sermon of January 21, 1934
    28.2 Paul Tillich, Collective Guilt, 1943
    * 28.3 Reinhold Niebuhr, Sermon on Humor and Faith (1946)
    * 28.4 Jean-Paul Sartre, "The Humanism of Existentialism" (1947)
    28.5 Pope John XXIII, Pacem in Terris, 1963
    28.6 NSC 68: April 14, 1950
    28.7 Pope Paul VI, Humanae Vitae, 1968
    28.8 Gamal Abdel Nasser, Resignation Speech, 1967
    28.9 Enoch Powell, "Rivers of Blood" Speech, 1968
    * 28.10 Vaclav Havel, "The Power of the Powerless" (1978)
    28.11 Ayatollah Khomeini, Message, 1980
    * 28.12 Founding Charter of The Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas), 1987
    * 28.13 Rebecca Walker, "Becoming the Third Wave" (1992)
    * 28.14 Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov, "How I Came to Dissent" (1974)
    28.15 Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev, On Nuclear Defense, 1985-1987
    CHAPTER 29. Global Warmings
    29.1 Halidé Edib Adivar, Memoirs, 1926 and 1928
    29.2 Fatima Mernissi, "The Story of a Female Psychic," 1989
    29.3 Francis Fukuyama, "Our Pessimism," 1992
    29.4 Luce Irigaray, From An Ethics of Sexual Difference, 1993
    29.5 Samuel Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations, 1996
    * 29.6 Martha Nussbaum, "The Idea of World Citizenship," from Cultivating Humanity: A Classical Defense of Reform in Liberal Education (1998)
    29.7 Richard Rorty, Failed Prophecies, Glorious Hopes, 1998
    29.8 George W. Bush, Speech to Congress, September 20, 2001
    * 29.9 European Council on Fatwa and Research, Decrees Regarding Muslim Women in Europe (2001)
    29.10 Mohammed Arkoun, "In Praise of Subversive Reason: Beyond Dialogue and the Quest for Identity" (2005)
    29.11 World Economic Forum, Global Gender Gap Report, 2010

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