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Sourcebook for The Cultures of the West, Volume Two

Clifford R. Backman

Publication Date - June 2013

ISBN: 9780199969838

304 pages
6-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $29.99


Designed to accompany The Cultures of the West by Clifford R. Backman (OUP, 2012), the two-volume Sources for The Cultures of the West features approximately six written sources per chapter that highlight key themes in the study of Western civilization. Each of the 130 sources is accompanied by a headnote. Each volume begins with a special unit, "How to Read a Primary Source," that provides students with important advice on how to work with textual documents in studying the past.

Sources for The Cultures of the West is FREE when bundled with The Cultures of the West. Please contact your OUP representative to request a package ISBN.

About the Author(s)

Clifford R. Backman is Professor of History at Boston University. He is the author of The Worlds of Medieval Europe, Second Edition (OUP, 2008), and The Decline and Fall of Medieval Sicily: Politics, Religion, and Economy in the Reign of Frederick III, 1296-1337 (1995).

Table of Contents

    How to Read a Primary Source

    Chapter 11: Renaissance and Reformations
    11.1 Petrarch, Letters, 1352 and 1366/7
    11.2 Erasmus, Letter to a friend, Julius excluded, and Introduction to the Gospels, first published 1522
    11.3 Machiavelli, Discourses on Livy, ca.1517?
    11.4 From Ariosto, Orlando Furioso (Mad Orlando), published 1516
    11.5 Martin Luther, "Preface to the New Testament," first published 1522
    11.6 Cellini, My Life, 1558-1563
    11.7 Vasari, Lives of Artists, first published in 1550, revised and added to until 1568
    Chapter 12: The Last Crusades
    12.1 Bartolomé de las Casas, A Short Account, written 1542; published 1552
    12.2 John Foxe, Foxe's Book of Martyrs, Trial of Anne Askew
    12.3 From Christopher Marlowe, The Massacre at Paris, ca.1593
    12.4 Johannes Junius, Letter to His Daughter and Trial Transcript, 1628
    Chapter 13: Science Breaks Out and Breaks Through
    13.1 Galileo Galilei, Letter to Don Benedetto Castelli, December 21, 1613
    13.2 John Donne, Sermon (December 12, 1626); "To his Mistress Going to Bed" (1669)
    13.3 Thomas Hobbes, "On Natural Law," Leviathan, 1651
    13.4 Descartes, A Discourse on the Method, 1637
    Chapter 14: From Westphalia to Paris: Regimes Old and New
    14.1 Anne of France, Lessons for My Daughter (end 16th century)
    14.2 Cardinal Richelieu, "The Role of the King," Political Testament, ca. 1638, first published 1688
    14.3 François Fénelon, The Adventures of Telemachus, 1699
    14.4 Molière, The Misanthrope, first performed 1666
    Chapter 15: The Enlightened
    15.1 John Locke, "Of Tyranny," Two Treatises of Government, 1689
    15.2a Rousseau, "A Discourse on the Origin of Inequality," 1755
    15.2b Voltaire, Letter to Rousseau on the Latter's "Discourse on the Origin of Inequality," 1755
    15.3 Adam Smith, "Of the Principle of the Commercial or Mercantile System," Wealth of Nations, 1776
    15.4 Cesare Beccaria, "On Torture," Of Crimes and Punishments, 1764
    Chapter 16: The War against Absolutism
    16.1 Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France, 1790
    16.2 Robespierre, Report on Principles of Public Morality, February 5, 1794
    16.3 Napoleon, Letter to his Brother Jerome, November 15, 1807
    16.4 Jakob Walter, Diary of Napoleonic Foot Soldier, written 1856, first published 1932
    16.5 Daniel Defoe, Journal of the Plague Year, 1722
    Chapter 17: Industrialization and Its Discontents
    17.1 William Wordsworth, "Tintern Abbey," 1798; "The World is Too Much With Us," 1806
    17.2 Thomas Carlyle, "Signs of the Times," 1829
    17.3 Henry Mayhew, London Labour and the London Poor, 1851
    Chapter 18: The Birth of Modern Politics
    18.1 Caroline Norton, "On the Infant Custody Bill," 1839; "On Divorce," 1855
    18.2 Karl Marx, "First Premises of the Materialist Method," The German Ideology, 1846, first published 1932
    18.3 Lajos Kossuth's Speech of the 11th July, 1848
    18.4 Isabella Beeton, Mrs. Beeton's Book of Household Management, 1861
    Chapter 19: Nationalism and Identity
    19.1 Rifa'a al-Tahtawi, An Imam in Paris: Account of a Stay in Paris by an Egyptian Cleric (1826-1831)
    19.2 Charles Trevelyan, The Irish Crisis, 1848
    19.3 Matthew Arnold, Preamble; "On a Definition of Culture," Culture and Anarchy, 1867
    19.4 Edward Augustus Freeman, Race and Language, 1879
    19.5 Flora Annie Steel and Grace Gardiner, Complete Indian Housekeeper and Cook, 1888
    19.6 Theodor Herzl, The Jewish State, 1895
    19.7 Rudyard Kipling, "The Barbarian," France at War, 1915
    Chapter 20: The God Problem
    20.1 Charles Lyell, from "On Extinct Quadrupeds," Principles of Geology, 1830-1833
    20.2 Charles Darwin, "On Sociability," The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, 1871
    20.3 Abraham Geiger, "Moral and Legal Rules," Judaism and Islam, 1833
    Chapter 21: The Modern Woman
    21.1 Mary Wollstonecraft, "Dedication to Talleyrand," Vindication of the Rights of Women, 1792
    21.2 Caroline Norton, English Laws for Women in the Nineteenth Century, 1854
    21.3 Maria Montessori, Education for a New World, 1946
    21.4 Winnifred Cooley, "The Bachelor Maiden," The New Womanhood, 1904
    Chapter 22: The Great LAnd Grab
    22.1 Mark Twain, "King Leopold's Soliloquy," 1905
    22.2 John A. Hobson, "Criticism of Imperialism," Imperialism, 1902
    22.3 Winston Churchill, "The Battle of Omdurman," The River War, 1899
    22.4 Presidential Address of Chitta Ranjan Das, Indian National Congress at Gaya, December 1922
    Chapter 23: From Nihilism to Modernism
    23.1 Oscar Wilde, "The Soul of Man Under Socialism," 1891
    23.2 Joris-Karl Huysmans, Against Nature (A rebours), 1884
    23.3 Charles Baudelaire, "The Painter of Modern Life," 1863
    23.4 Sigmund Freud, Civilization and Its Discontents, 1929
    23.5 Wassily Kandinski, On the Spiritual Element in Art, 1912
    Chapter 24: The World at War (Part I)
    24.1 Extracts from the Treaty of Versailles, 1919
    24.2 Normal Angell, The Great Illusion, 1933
    24.3 John Maynard Keynes, Economic Consequences of Peace, 1919
    24.4 Robert Graves, Goodbye to All That, 1929
    24.5 Ernst Junger, Storm of Steel, 1920
    Chapter 25: Radical Realignments
    25.1 Henry Ford, The International Jew, 1920
    25.2 Paul Valéry, A Crisis of the Mind, 1919
    25.3 Oswald Spengler (1880-1936), The Decline of the West
    25.4 Friedrich Hayek, "Economic Control and Totalitarianism," 1944
    Chapter 26: The World at War (Part II)
    26.1 Virginia Woolf, Three Guineas, 1938
    26.2 Aldous Huxley, An Encyclopedia of Pacifism, 1937
    26.3 Arthur Koestler, The God that Failed, 1949
    26.4 Gustave Gilbert, Nuremberg Diary, 1947
    Chapter 27: The Theater of the Absurd
    27.1 Enoch Powell's "Rivers of Blood" Speech, 1968
    27.2 Alexander Novikov, On Post-War American Policy, 1946
    27.3 Winston Churchill, "Iron Curtain" Speech, March 5,1947
    27.4 Ayatollah Khomeini, Message, 1980
    27.5 Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev, On Nuclear Defense, 1980s
    Chapter 28: Something to Believe In
    28.1 Pope John XXIII, Pacem in Terris, 1963
    28.2. Paul Tillich, Collective Guilt, 1943
    28.3 Pope Paul VI, Humanae vitae, 1968
    28.4 Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Sermon of January 21, 1934
    Chapter 29: Global Warmings
    29.1 Halidé Edib Adivar, Memoirs, 1926 and 1928
    29.2 Luce Irigaray, From Ethics of Sexual Difference, 1993
    29.3 Francis Fukuyama, "Our Pessimism," 1992
    29.4 Fatima Mernissi, "The Story of A Female Psychic," 1989
    Chapter 30: Hearts and Minds Going Forward
    30.1 Samuel Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations, 1996
    30.2 World Economic Forum, Global Gender Gap Report, 2010
    30.3 George W. Bush, Speech to Congress, September 20, 2001
    30.4 Richard Rorty, Failed Prophecies, Glorious Hopes, 1998

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