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Social Theory

Roots & Branches

Sixth Edition

Peter J. Kivisto

Publication Date - 31 January 2020

ISBN: 9780190060398

576 pages
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

The most relevant, accessible, and cutting-edge anthology for social theory courses


Edited by Peter J. Kivisto, this acclaimed collection of accessible primary source readings enables students to experience "firsthand" a wide range of perspectives that are shaping current sociological theory. Now in its sixth edition, Social Theory: Roots and Branches covers both classical theory (the roots) and contemporary theory (the branches) and shows how they are linked. Part One features work from such well-known classical theorists as Marx, Durkheim, Weber, and Simmel. It also presents selections by theorists outside of the discipline and from writers who are often overlooked in competing collections, including W. E. B. Du Bois, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, and Harriet Martineau. Part Two offers readings that illustrate major contemporary theoretical approaches, ending with a section on cutting-edge directions in theoretical discourse.

New to this Edition

  • Nineteen new or updated readings
  • Nine readings by theorists who are new to this collection, including Theodor W. Adorno, Jon Elster, Erik Olin Wright, and Judith Butler

About the Author(s)

Peter J. Kivisto is Richard A. Swanson Professor of Social Thought in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Augustana College. He is also an International Reader at the University of Helsinki.


"I use Social Theory: Roots & Branches precisely for what is implied by its title: attention to both foundations and off-shoots. The coverage is wide and deep, and the layout and presentation are effective in their logical sequencing and brief and concise introductory material. I also find the questions at the end of each section useful in framing my lectures and in-class discussions."--Miriam Konrad, Georgia State University

"I have not found another reader that even comes close in terms of covering the pivotal writings in both classical and contemporary theorizing. This book sets the standard for the genre."--Bradley Nash, Jr., Appalachian State University

"I really like the introductions in Social Theory: Roots & Branches. Kivisto outlines key points and contextualizes each reading. I love the approach."--Tiffany Taylor, Kent State University

Table of Contents

    * = New

    Social Theory: Classical Foundations and Contemporary Developments

    Part One: The Roots-Classical Social Theory

    I. Karl Marx
    1. Alienated Labor
    2. The German Ideology (with Friedrich Engels)
    3. Manifesto of the Communist Party (with Friedrich Engels)
    4. The Civil War in France *

    II. Émile Durkheim
    5. On Mechanical and Organic Solidarity
    6. What Is a Social Fact?
    7. Anomic Suicide
    8. Individualism and the Intellectuals *

    III. Max Weber
    9. The Spirit of Capitalism
    10. Bureaucracy
    11. The Sociology of Charismatic Authority
    12. Class, Status, Party

    IV. Georg Simmel
    13. Fashion
    14. The Metropolis and Mental Life
    15. The Stranger

    V. Other Foundational Voices
    16. On Marriage, Harriet Martineau
    17. On Individualism, Alexis de Tocqueville
    18. Of Our Spiritual Strivings, W.E.B. DuBois *
    19. The Dependence of Women, Charlotte Perkins Gilman
    20. Conspicuous Consumption, Thorstein Veblen
    21. Social and Individual Aspects of Mind, Charles Horton Cooley
    22. What Pragmatism Needs, William James
    23. Democracy and Human Nature, John Dewey *
    24. The Fusion of the 'I' and the 'Me' in Social Activities, George Herbert Mead

    Part Two: The Branches: Contemporary Social Theory

    VI. Functionalism, Structual-Functionalism, Systems Theory
    25. The Unanticipated Consequences of Social Action, Robert K. Merton
    26. The Structure of the Societal Community, Talcott Parsons *
    27. The Functions of Social Conflict, Lewis Coser
    28. Functional Differentiation, Niklas Luhmann

    VII. Symbolic Interaction, Phenomenology, and Ethnomethodology
    29. Society as Symbolic Interaction, Herbert Blumer
    30. Situated Actions and Vocabularies of Motive, C. Wright Mills *
    31. Performances, Erving Goffman
    32. The Stranger: An Essay in Social Psychology, Alfred Schuetz *
    33. Studies of the Routine Grounds of Everyday Activities, Harold Garfinkel
    34. Interactional Ritual Theory, Randall Collins

    VIII. Exchange Theory and Rational Choice Theory

    35. Social Behavior as Exchange, George Homans
    36. Formulation of Exchange Theory, Peter Blau
    37. Human Capital and Social Capital, James S. Coleman
    38. Fairness and Norms, Jon Elster *

    IX. Gender Theory
    39. Doing Gender, Candace West and Don H. Zimmerman
    40. Categories Are Not Enough, Dorothy E. Smith *
    41. Subversive Bodily Acts, Judith Butler *
    42. Toward an Afrocentric Feminist Epistemology, Patricia Hill Collins
    43. Femininity and Masculinity, Raewyn Connell
    44. Queer-ing Sociology, Sociologizing Queer Theory, Steven Seidman

    X. Critical Theory
    45. Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction, Walter Benjamin
    46. Freudian Theory and the Pattern of Fascist Propaganda, Theodor W. Adorno *
    47. One-Dimensional Man, Herbert Marcuse
    48. Three Normative Models of Democracy, Jürgen Habermas

    XI. Race, Ethnicity, and Nationalism
    49. The Theoretical Status of the Concept of Race, Michael Omi and Howard Winant
    50. Between Camps: Race and Culture in Postmodernity, Paul Gilroy
    51. Ethnicity without Groups, Rogers Brubaker
    52. Nationalism and the Cultures of Democracy, Craig Calhoun

    XII. State, Economy, and Civil Society
    53. War Making and State Making as Organized Crime, Charles Tilly
    54. The Politicization of Life, Giorgio Agamben
    55. How Will Capitalism End? Wolfgang Streeck *
    56. The Socialist Compass, Erik Olin Wright *
    57. A Network Theory of Power, Manuel Castells *
    58. Real Civil Societies: Dilemmas of Institutionalization, Jeffrey C. Alexander

    XIII. Modernity
    59. Shame and Repugnance, Norbert Elias
    60. Spectacular Time, Guy Debord
    61. The Reflexivity of Modernity, Anthony Giddens
    62. Redistribution, Bruno Latour
    63. On Living in a Liquid Modern World, Zygmunt Bauman
    64. The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge, Jean-François Lyotard
    65. Multiple Modernities, S. N. Eisenstadt *
    66. Modernity as a Project of Emancipation and the Possibility of Politics, Peter Wagner *

    XIV. French Critical Theory: Structuralisms and Poststructuralisms
    67. Structures and Habitus, Pierre Bourdieu *
    68. Advertising, Jean Baudrillard
    69. The Subject and Social Movements, Alain Touraine
    70. Panopticism, Michel Foucault
    71. The New Spirit of Capitalism, Luc Boltanski and Ève Chiapello *

    XV. World Systems and Globalization
    72. Mapping the Global Condition, Roland Robertson *
    73. The Three Instances of Hegemony in the History of the Capitalist World-Economy, Immanuel Wallerstein
    74. The Cosmopolitan Condition: Why Methodological Nationalism Fails, Ulrich Beck
    75. Disjunction and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy, Arjun Appadurai