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Scientific Inquiry

Readings in the Philosophy of Science

Edited by Robert Klee

Publication Date - September 1998

ISBN: 9780195119763

368 pages
6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock


Scientific Inquiry: Readings in the Philosophy of Science features an impressive collection of classical and contemporary readings on a wide range of issues in the philosophy of science. The volume is organized into six sections, each with its own introduction, and includes a general introduction that situates the philosophy of science in relation to other areas of intellectual inquiry. The selections focus on the main issues in the field, including the structure of scientific theories, models of scientific explanation, reductionism, historicist challenges to the objectivity of science, and the dispute over the ontological interpretation of mature scientific theories. Both the positivist model of science and its competitors, including contemporary social constructivist models, are included. Ideal for introductory philosophy of science courses, Scientific Inquiry strives to provide students and other readers with a thorough knowledge of the philosophical complexity of modern science and an appreciation of its authoritative intellectual standing in contemporary life.

Table of Contents

    Part I: The Positivist Model of Scientific Theories and Its Problems
    Section 1. Logic, Language, and the Observational/Theoretical Distinction
    1. Alexander Rosenberg, The Rise of Logical Positivism
    2. Frederick Suppe, The Positivist Model of Scientific Theories
    3. Hilary Putnam, Problems with the Observational/Theoretical Distinction
    4. Grover Maxwell, Theoretical Entities
    5. Bas Van Fraassen, A Defense of the Observational/Theoretical Distinction
    6. Technical Interlude: Carl Hempel, A Critique of Operationalism
    Section 2. The Underdetermination of Theory and Holism
    7. Pierre Dunhem, Physical Theory and Experiment
    8. Sir Karl Popper, Falsification
    9. W.V. Quine, Holism, Part 1: Two Dogmas of Empiricism
    10. W.V. Quine, Holism, Part 2: Posits and Reality
    11. Technical Interlude: Larry Laudan, A Critique of Underdetermination
    Section 3. Reductionism, Antireductionism, and Scientific Explanation
    12. Ernest Nagel, A Model of Intertheoretic Reduction
    13. Paul Oppenheim and Hilary Putnam, Unity of Science
    14. Jerry Fodor, A Critique of Physiological Reductionism
    15. Technical Interlude: Jaegwon Kim, The Nature of Supervenience
    16. Carl G. Hempel and Paul Oppenheim, The Deductive-Nomological Model of Scientific Explanation
    17. Philip Kitcher, The Unification Model of Scientific Explanation
    18. Technical Interlude: Paul Humphreys, The Aleatory Model of Scientific Explanation
    Part II: Historicism and Its Aftermath
    Section 4. The Kuhnian Model of Science
    19. Thomas Kuhn, The Nature of Normal Science
    20. Thomas Kuhn, The Nature of Revolutionary Science
    21. Ian Hacking, The Rationality of Science After Kuhn
    22. Polemical Interlude: Paul Feyerabend, An Argument Against Method
    Section 5. Social Constructivism and Feminism
    23. David Bloor, The Strong Programme in the Sociology of Science
    24. Bruno Latour and Steve Woolgar, A Social Constructivist Field Study
    25. James Robert Brown, A Critique of Social Constructivism
    26. Polemical Interlude: Paul Boghossian, The Sokal Hoax
    27. Sandra Harding, Feminist Science Criticism
    28. Cassandra Pinnick, Problems with Feminist Epistemology
    29. Polemical Interlude: Paul R. Gross and Norman Levitt, A Critique of Feminist Science Criticism
    Section 6. Realism and Antirealism
    30. Hilary Putnam, Realism in Mathematics and Elsewhere
    31. Bas van Fraassen, Alternatives to Realism
    32. Philip Kitcher, Realism and Scientific Progress
    33. James Robert Brown, Realism, Antirealism, and NOA
    34. Polemical Interlude: Alan Musgrave, Idealism and Antirealism