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School Crime and Juvenile Justice

Second Edition

Richard Lawrence

Publication Date - April 2006

ISBN: 9780195172904

352 pages
6-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches


School Crime and Juvenile Justice, Second Edition, examines the nature, extent, and causes of school crime and disruptive behavior, offering a comprehensive overview of this significant and growing problem. Drawing on numerous sources and on studies conducted over the past ten years, the second edition reviews the most up-to-date theories on the relationship between school crime and crime in the community, the role of parents and peers, and schools' organization and policies. Lawrence discusses current research findings, laws and school policies, prevention strategies, and alternative schools and special education programs for at-risk and delinquent students. Extensively revised and updated, this edition includes two new chapters: Chapter 6 examines the school environment and how school size, structure, and related factors affect school crime and safety, while Chapter 7 discusses recent research on identifying which students may be at risk of committing school violence. Chapters on the causes of juvenile delinquency and the role of police, courts, and corrections in the administration of juvenile justice have been expanded and updated to reflect the latest available research and resources.
Ideal for criminal justice courses and an indispensable resource for scholars and school administrators, School Crime and Juvenile Justice, Second Edition, takes a closer look at the problem of crime and violence in and around schools. It offers a clear understanding of how people can work together to create safer schools and how educators and juvenile justice officials can develop cooperative delinquency prevention programs.

Previous Publication Date(s)

August 1997

Table of Contents

    1. Juvenile Crime in Society and in Schools
    Public Views of Juvenile Crime
    Some Historical Perspective
    Measures of Crime
    Police Measures of Juvenile Crime
    Juvenile Court Cases
    Self-Report Measures
    Victimization Surveys
    Measuring School Crime
    Measures of School Crime and Safety
    Victimization Reports
    The Effects of School Crime and Violence
    International Measures of School Crime and Violence
    2. Justice for Juveniles
    Historical Overview of Juvenile Justice
    Juvenile Justice in America
    The "Child Savers" Movement
    The First Juvenile Court
    Comparison of Juvenile and Criminal Court
    Legal and Procedural Distinctions: Juvenile vs. Criminal Justice
    Challenges and Changes in Juvenile Justice
    U.S. Supreme Court Decisions
    Federal and State Legislative Changes
    Current Juvenile Justice Trends and Reforms
    3. Explaining Delinquency and School Crime
    Why study theories of crime and delinquency?
    Types of Crime Theories
    Individual Explanations
    Psychological Explanations of Delinquency
    Social Structure Theory
    Social Process Explanations
    Developmental and Life-course Theories
    General and Integrated Theories
    Social Reaction Theories: Labeling and Conflict
    Conflict Theory
    Female Delinquency
    Applying Theories to School Crime and Justice
    4. Families, Peers, Gangs and Delinquency
    The Family
    Changes in Family and Parental Roles
    The Family and Delinquency
    Do Parents Cause Delinquency?
    Child Abuse and Neglect
    Parents, School Problems and Delinquency
    Parents, School Problems and Delinquency
    Gangs and Delinquency
    Drugs and Delinquency
    5. Dropout and Delinquency
    Perspectives on Truancy and Dropout
    Defining and Measuring Dropout
    The Extent of Absenteeism and Dropout
    Factors Associated with Dropping Out
    Consequences of Dropping Out
    Truancy, Dropout, and Delinquency
    Policy Implications of Delinquency and Dropout
    Truancy and Dropout Prevention Programs
    6. School Environment and School Safety
    School Crime: Community Problem or School Problem?
    The Public Schools as a Source of Delinquency
    School Tracking and Delinquency
    School Funding and Educational Inequality
    School Reform and At-Risk Students
    School Programs and Teaching Strategies
    The Role of Parents in School Achievement
    Do Schools Cause Failure--and Delinquency?
    School Climate and Disorder
    Policy Implications for School Crime Prevention
    7. Explaining and Predicting School Violence
    Identifying Youth at Risk of School Violence
    Criminal Profiling
    "Warning signs"
    Threat Assessment
    The Reliability and Validity of "Profiles" and "Warning Signs"
    A Theory of School Shootings
    Preventing School Violence
    8. School Law and Students' Rights
    Students' Rights in School
    School Records and Privacy
    Freedom of Speech and Expression
    Constitutional Due Process
    Suspension and Expulsion
    Corporal Punishment
    Search and Seizure
    Rulings on Types of School Searches
    The Exclusionary Rule and School Searches
    Safe Schools: Required by Law?
    9. The Police and Juvenile Crime
    Police Roles and Responsibilities
    Police Officers in Schools
    Police and Juvenile Offenders
    Police Decisions and Use of Discretion
    Police Diversion and Status Offenders
    Alternatives to Police Arrest and Custody
    Police and Juveniles' Legal Rights
    Are SRO's School Officials or Police Officials?
    Fingerprinting, Photographing, and Records
    10. The Juvenile Court
    History and Development of the Juvenile Court
    Juvenile Transfers to Adult Court
    Are Juveniles Different from Adults?
    Do Juvenile Transfers Make a Difference?
    Current Juvenile Court Trends and Reforms
    11. Juvenile Corrections
    Residential Programs and Institutional Corrections
    History and Development of Juvenile Corrections
    Correctional Institutions for Juveniles
    Other Community Programs
    Disproportionate Minority Confinement
    From Deinstitutionalization to "Get-Tough" Policies
    Juvenile Probation and Community Corrections
    Intermediate Sanctions in Juvenile Corrections
    Reexamining Community Corrections Models
    Effectiveness of Juvenile Corrections
    Juvenile Corrections and Schools
    12. School-Based Delinquency Prevention
    Crime Control vs. Crime Prevention
    Defining Crime Prevention
    Theoretical Bases for School-Based Delinquency Prevention
    Some Directions for School Crime Prevention
    School Structure and Climate
    Classroom Management and Instruction
    Conflict Management and Resolution
    Alternative Schools
    Vocational and Employment Programs
    Federal Government Role in Delinquency Prevention
    School-Based Prevention: Some Model Programs
    Recommendations for Educators, Justice Officials, and Policymakers
    Author Index
    Subject Index

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