We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more

Research Methods in Crime, Justice, and Social Problems

A Mixed Methods Approach

Second Edition

Mark M. Lanier and Lisa T. Briggs

Publication Date - June 2018

ISBN: 9780190694432

368 pages
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $109.99

Guides students through the research process, covering qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods


Intuitive, accessible, and filled with real-world testimonials from criminal justice scholars, Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology: A Mixed Methods Approach, Second Edition, gives students the tools they need to understand the research they read and take the first steps toward producing compelling research projects themselves. Featuring a step-by-step organization that follows the stages of a research project, it emphasizes the actual experience of conducting research and includes a wealth of examples. The text is enhanced by robust pedagogy including chapter objectives, key terms, a running glossary, and chapter-ending discussion questions.

New to this Edition

  • Examples, applications, and exercises from other academic disciplines, including social work and sociology
  • A greater focus on mixed methods research
  • A new chapter on qualitative data analysis (Chapter 10), which includes an overview of how new technology has dramatically altered data collection and analysis
  • An expanded discussion of ethics, including revised examples in several different chapters


  • The only book that covers qualitative, quantitative, and mixed research methods equally
  • Consistently grounded in real-world research practices, the text includes testimonials from actual scholars about the decisions they made in their own projects
  • Logical, step-by-step organization follows the stages of a research project
  • Less technical than its competitors, this text emphasizes the actual experience of conducting research and includes examples from the criminal justice field
  • Includes access to a Companion Website for students and an Ancillary Resource Center for adopting instructors that provides tests, questions, exercises, and activities
  • Features a chapter on writing in criminal justice
  • Incorporates robust pedagogy including chapter objectives, key terms, a running glossary, and chapter-ending discussion questions

About the Author(s)

Mark M. Lanier is Professor of Criminal Justice at the University of Alabama.

Lisa T. Briggs is Associate Professor of Criminal Justice and Criminology at Western Carolina University.


"This is the definitive text for a research methods course, at either the undergraduate or graduate level, mostly due to its multidisciplinary emphasis and mixed methods approach to research. The comprehensive coverage of each topic, the repetition that reinforces learning throughout the text, and the ancillaries also add significant value."--Judith Kirwan Kelley, Curry College

"Research Methods in Crime, Justice, and Social Problems is the most approachable research methods text that I have ever read. It also covers the qualitative and quantitative divide quite well."--Thomas Dearden, High Point University

"I use this book for two reasons: 1.) It is written in a style that is fun and 'easy' to read, accessible for students, and engaging. 2.) It is inexpensive and lightweight. Students can afford to buy it."--Amy Smoyer, Southern Connecticut State University

Table of Contents

    Chapter 1. Why Research at all?
    The History of Research
    Good, Yet Critical, Science
    Research Distinctions
    Critical Thinking Exercises
    Chapter 2. The Stages of Research: A General Overview
    Step One: Selecting a Research Topic
    Step Two: Identifying a Testable Research Question
    Step Three: Finding Research
    Step Four: The Literature Review
    Step Five: Research Design
    Step Six: Data Collection and Variable Coding
    Step Seven: Data Analysis
    Step Eight: Reporting of Results
    Step Nine: Conclusion and Limitations
    Final Suggestions
    Critical Thinking Exercises
    Chapter 3. Research Ethics
    The Quest for a Perfect Study
    Common Ethical Principles
    Human Research Protection Program
    Institutional Review Boards
    Ethical Guidelines
    Other Ethical Notes
    The (Ever-Increasing) Role of the IRB
    Ethically Questionable Studies
    Final Thoughts
    Critical Thinking Exercises
    Chapter 4. Validity and Reliability: Threats to Research Integrity
    Validity and Reliability
    Types of Validity
    Other Research Threats
    Critical Thinking Exercises
    Chapter 5. Qualitative Research Strategies
    Historical Synopsis of Qualitative Research
    Requisite Qualitative Research Tools
    Field Research
    Other Types of Qualitative Research
    Factors Influencing the Qualitative Data Collection Process
    Critical Thinking Exercises
    Chapter 6. Research Designs and Survey Research
    Operationalization and Coding
    Composite Measures
    Choosing a Research Design
    Experimental Research
    Experimental, Quasi-Experimental, and Pre-Experimental Designs
    Other Research Strategies
    Survey Research
    Critical Thinking Exercises
    Chapter 7. Mixed Methods
    Illustrations of Mixed Methods
    Mixed Methods for Program Evaluation
    Steps to Mixed Methods Research
    Critical Summary of the Mixed Methods Approach
    Critical Thinking Exercises
    Chapter 8. Sampling Strategies
    Probability or Nonprobability Samples?
    Critical Thinking Exercises
    Chapter 9. Elementary and Intermediate Quantitative Data Analysis
    Basic Quantitative Analysis
    Univariate and Descriptive Statistics
    Intermediate Data Handling: Bivariate and Multivariate Statistical Analysis
    Bivariate Statistics
    Frequency Distributions
    Multivariate Statistics
    Discussion Questions
    Chapter 10. Qualitative Data Analysis
    Critique of Causality
    Traditional Qualitative Analysis
    Contemporary Statistical Qualitative Analysis
    Mixed Methods Analysis
    Critical Thinking Exercises
    Chapter 11. Beyond Research: An Aid to Writing Success
    Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA)
    Effective Writing Practices
    Becoming a More Professional Writer
    Writing Tip Summation
    Critical Thinking Exercises

Related Title

Researching Theories of Crime and Deviance

Researching Theories of Crime and Deviance

Charis E. Kubrin, Thomas D. Stucky, and Marvin D. Krohn