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Reinforced Concrete Design

Eighth edition

Chu-Kia Wang, Charles G. Salmon, Deceased Chu-Kia Wang, and Charles Salmon
Jose Pincheira and Gustavo J. Parra-Montesinos

Publication Date - October 2017

ISBN: 9780190269807

992 pages
8-1/2 x 11 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $214.99

Explains the basic concepts of reinforced concrete design reflecting the latest developments in the field


Newly revised to reflect the latest developments in the field, this thoroughly updated eighth edition of Reinforced Concrete Design incorporates the changes in design rules arising from the publication of the 2014 American Concrete Institute (ACI) Building Code and Commentary (ACI 318-14).

New to this Edition

  • A revised chapter on Slenderness Effects on Columns, now Chapter 13, offers new example problems to help students understand the ACI Code procedures that address second order effects in column design
  • The material on Strut-and-Tie Models, Deep Beams, and Brackets and Corbels has been updated and consolidated into a new standalone Chapter 14
  • A new chapter, Chapter 15 "Structural Walls," includes the design of Non-Bearing Walls, Bearing Walls, and Shear Walls
  • A substantially revised Chapter 21, "Composite Members and Connections" now includes sections on Concrete-Encased Steel Columns, Concrete-Filled Tubes, and Moment Connections between Composite Columns and Steel Beams

About the Author(s)

The late Chu-Kia Wang taught Civil Engineering at the University of Wisconsin at Madison for over 30 years.

The late Charles G. Salmon was Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Wisconsin at Madison.

Gustavo J. Parra-Montesinos is Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Wisconsin at Madison.

Jose A. Pincheira is Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Wisconsin at Madison.


"I particularly like how the authors have kept the text up-to-date by gradually incorporating design procedures, like strut and tie models, that have been added to the ACI code. This text is comparable with others in terms of topics but superior in coverage. I see this book as an investment. The material in it is covered in enough depth for it to remain relevant for many years."--Sergio F. Breña, University of Massachusetts Amherst

"The abundant end-of-chapter problems are an excellent feature of this text. Example problems have figures that represent the problems well and clarify the solutions. With these features, Reinforced Concrete Design, Eighth Edition, presents the content more clearly than other texts do."--Levon Minnetyan, Clarkson University

"A solid textbook written by well-qualified experts in the field that can serve students beyond their education as a reference for practicing reinforced concrete design, this book is still one of my favorites."--Ayman M. Okeil, Louisiana State University

"A very comprehensive and practical book. The new additions on material properties, walls, and composite design are helpful for students. The focus on the 2014 ACI building code is particularly exciting."--Nima Rahbar, Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Table of Contents

    Conversion Factors

    Chapter 1: Introduction, Materials, and Properties
    1.1 Reinforced Concrete Structures
    1.2 Historical Background
    1.3 Concrete
    1.4 Cement
    1.5 Aggregates
    1.6 Admixtures
    1.7 Compressive Strength
    1.8 Tensile Strength
    1.9 Biaxial and Triaxial Strength
    1.10 Modulus of Elasticity
    1.11 Creep and Shrinkage
    1.12 Concrete Quality Control
    1.13 Steel Reinforcement
    1.14 Fiber Reinforced Concrete
    1.15 Units
    Selected References

    Chapter 2: Design Methods and Requirements
    2.1 Structural Design Process-General
    2.2 ACI Building Code
    2.3 Strength Design and Working Stress Design Methods
    2.4 Working Stress Method
    2.5 Strength Design Method
    2.6 Safety Provisions-General
    Safety Provisions-ACI Code Load Factors and Strength Reduction Factors
    2.8 Serviceability Provisions-General
    2.9 Serviceability Provisions-ACI Code
    2.10 Handbooks and Computer Software
    2.11 Dimensions and Tolerances
    2.12 Accuracy of Computations
    Selected References

    Chapter 3: Flexural Behavior and Strength of Beams
    3.1 General Introduction
    3.2 Flexural Behavior and Strength of Rectangular Sections
    3.3 Whitney Rectangular Stress Distribution
    3.4 Nominal Moment Strength Mn-Rectangular Sections Having Tension Reinforcement Only
    3.5 Balanced Strain Condition
    3.6 Tension- and Compression-Controlled Sections
    3.7 Minimum Tension Reinforcement
    3.8 Design of Rectangular Sections in Bending Having Tension Reinforcement Only
    3.9 Practical Selection for Beam Sizes, Bar Sizes, and Bar Placement
    3.10 Nominal Flexural Strength Mn of Rectangular Sections Having Both Tension and Compression Reinforcement
    3.11 Design of Beams Having Both Tension and Compression Reinforcement
    3.12 Non-Rectangular Sections
    3.13 Effect of As, As', b, d, fC' and fy on Flexural Behavior
    Selected References

    Chapter 4: T-Sections in Bending
    4.1 General
    4.2 Comparison of Rectangular and T-Sections
    4.3 Effective Flange Width
    4.4 Nominal Moment Strength Mn of T-Sections
    4.5 Design of T-Sections in Bending
    Selected References

    Chapter 5: Shear Strength and Design for Shear
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Shear Stresses Based on Linear Elastic Behavior
    5.3 Combined Normal and Shear Stresses
    5.4 Behavior of Beams without Shear Reinforcement
    5.5 Shear Strength of Beams without Shear Reinforcement-ACI Approach
    5.6 Function of Web Reinforcement
    5.7 Truss Model for Reinforced Concrete Beams
    5.8 Shear Strength of Beams with Shear Reinforcement-ACI Approach
    5.9 Deformed Steel Fibers as Shear Reinforcement
    5.10 ACI Code Design Provisions for Shear
    5.11 Critical Section for Nominal Shear Strength Calculation
    5.12 Shear Strength of Beams-Design Examples
    5.13 Shear Strength of Members Under Combined Bending and Axial Load
    5.14 Deep Beams
    5.15 Shear-Friction
    5.16 Brackets and Corbels
    Selected References

    Chapter 6: Development of Reinforcement
    6.1 General
    6.2 Development Length
    6.3 Flexural Bond
    6.4 Bond Failure Mechanisms
    6.5 Moment Capacity Diagram-Bar Bends and Cutoffs
    6.6 Development Length for Tension Reinforcement-ACI Code
    6.7 Modification Factors ?t, ?e, ?s, and ? to the Bar Development Length Equations-ACI Code
    6.8 Development Length for Compression Reinforcement
    6.9 Development Length for Bundled Bars
    6.10 Development Length for a Tension Bar Terminating in a Standard Hook
    6.11 Bar Cutoffs in Negative Moment Region of Continuous Beams
    6.12 Bar Cutoffs in Positive Moment Region of Continuous Beams
    6.13 Bar Cutoffs in Uniformly Loaded Cantilever Beams
    6.14 Development of Positive Reinforcement at Simple Supports and at Points of Inflection
    6.15 Development of Shear Reinforcement
    6.16 Tension Lap Splices
    6.17 Welded Splices and Mechanical Connections in Tension
    6.18 Compression Lap Splices
    6.19 End Bearing Connections, Welded Splices, and Mechanical Connections in Compression
    6.20 Splices for Members Under Compression and Bending
    6.21 Design Examples
    Selected References

    Chapter 7: Analysis of Continuous Beams and One-Way Slabs
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Analysis Methods under Gravity Loads
    7.3 Arrangement of Live Load for Moment Envelope
    7.4 ACI Code-Arrangement of Live Load and Moment Coefficients
    7.5 ACI Moment Diagrams
    7.6 Shear Envelope for Design
    Selected References

    Chapter 8: Design of One-Way Slabs
    8.1 Definition
    8.2 Analysis Methods
    8.3 Slab Design
    8.4 Choice of Reinforcement
    8.5 Bar Details
    Selected References

    Chapter 9: Design of Slab-Beam-Girder and Joist Floor Systems
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Size of Beam Web
    9.3 Continuous Frame Analysis for Beams
    9.4 Choice of Longitudinal Reinforcement in Beams
    9.5 Shear Reinforcement in Beams
    9.6 Details of Bars in Beams
    9.7 Size of Girder Web
    9.8 Continuous Frame Analysis for Girders
    9.9 Choice of Longitudinal Reinforcement in Girders
    9.10 One-Way Joist Floor Construction
    9.11 Design of Joist Floors
    9.12 Redistribution of Moments-Introduction to Limit or Plastic Analysis
    Selected References

    Chapter 10: Members in Compression and Bending
    10.1 Introduction
    10.2 Types of Columns
    10.3 Behavior of Columns Under Pure Axial Load
    10.4 Safety Provisions for Columns
    10.5 Concentrically Loaded Short Columns
    10.6 Strength Interaction Diagram
    10.7 Slenderness Effects
    10.8 Lateral Ties
    10.9 Spiral Reinforcement and Longitudinal Bar Placement
    10.10 Limits on Percentage of Longitudinal Reinforcement
    10.11 Maximum Strength in Axial Compression-ACI Code
    10.12 Balanced Strain Condition
    10.13 Nominal Strength of a Compression-Controlled Rectangular Section
    10.14 Nominal Strength of a Rectangular Section With Eccentricity e Greater Than That at The Balanced Strain Condition
    10.15 Design for Strength-Region I, Minimum Eccentricity
    10.16 Design for Strength-Region II, Compression-Controlled Sections (emin < e < eb)
    10.17 Design for Strength-Region III,Transition Zone and Tension-Controlled Sections (e > eb)
    10.18 Circular Sections Under Combined Compression and Bending
    10.19 Combined Axial Tension and Bending
    10.20 Combined Axial Force and Biaxial Bending
    10.21 Design for Shear
    Selected References

    Chapter 11: Monolithic Beam-Column Connections
    11.1 Introduction
    11.2 Beam-Column Joints Actions
    11.3 Joint Transverse Reinforcement
    11.4 Joint Shear Strength
    11.5 Column-to-Beam Moment Strength Ratio
    11.6 Anchorage of Reinforcement in the Joint Region
    11.7 Transfer of Column Axial Forces through the Floor System
    11.8 Examples
    11.9 Additional Remarks
    Selected References

    Chapter 12: Serviceability
    12.1 Introduction
    12.2 Fundamental Assumptions
    12.3 Modulus of Elasticity Ratio n
    12.4 Equilibrium Conditions
    12.5 Method of Transformed Section
    12.6 Deflections-General
    12.7 Deflections for Linear Elastic Sections
    12.8 Modulus of Elasticity
    12.9 Effective Moment of Inertia
    12.10 Instantaneous Deflections in Design
    12.11 Creep Effect on Deflections Under Sustained Load
    12.12 Shrinkage Effect on Deflections Under Sustained Load
    12.13 Creep and Shrinkage Deflection-ACI Code Method
    12.14 Creep and Shrinkage Deflection-Alternative Procedures
    12.15 ACI Minimum Depth of Flexural Members
    12.16 Span-to-Depth Ratio to Account for Cracking and Sustained Load Effects
    12.17 ACI Code Deflection Provisions-Beam Examples
    12.18 Crack Control for Beams and One-Way Slabs
    12.19 Side Face Crack Control for Large Beams
    12.20 Control of Floor Vibrations-General
    Selected References

    Chapter 13: Slenderness Effects on Columns
    13.1 General
    13.2 Buckling of Concentrically Loaded Columns
    13.3 Effective Length Factor
    13.4 Moment Magnification-Members with Transverse Loads- Without Joint Lateral Translation (i.e., No Sidesway)
    13.5 Moment Magnification-Members Subject to End Moments Only-Without Joint Lateral Translation (i.e., No Sidesway)
    13.6 Members with Sidesway Possible-Unbraced (Sway) Frames
    13.7 Interaction Diagrams-Effect of Slenderness
    13.8 ACI Code-General
    13.9 ACI Code-Moment Magnifier Method for Columns in Nonsway Frames
    13.10 ACI Code-Moment Magnifier Method for Columns in Sway Frames
    13.11 Alignment Charts for Effective Length Factor k
    13.12 Second Order Analysis-ACI Code
    13.13 Minimum Eccentricity in Design
    13.14 Biaxial Bending and Axial Compression
    13.15 ACI Code-Slenderness Ratio Limitations
    13.16 Amplification of Moments in Beams
    13.17 Examples
    Selected References

    Chapter 14: Strut-and-Tie Models: Deep Beams, Brackets, and Corbels
    14.1 Introduction
    14.2 Deep Beams
    14.3 Brackets and Corbels
    14.4 Additional Remarks
    Selected References

    Chapter 15: Structural Walls
    15.1 General
    15.2 Minimum Wall Dimensions and Reinforcement Requirements-ACI Code
    15.3 Design of Non-Bearing Walls
    15.4 Design of Bearing Walls
    15.5 Design of Shear Walls
    15.6 Lateral Support of Longitudinal Reinforcement
    15.7 Retaining Structures
    15.7.1 Forces on Retaining Walls
    15.7.2 Stability Requirements
    15.7.3 Preliminary Proportioning of Cantilever Walls
    15.7.4 Design Example - Cantilever Retaining Wall
    Selected References

    Chapter 16: Design of Two-Way Floor Systems
    16.1 General Description
    16.2 General Design Concept of ACI Code
    16.3 Total Factored Static Moment
    16.4 Ratio of Flexural Stiffnesses of Longitudinal Beam to Slab
    16.5 Minimum Slab Thickness for Deflection Control
    16.6 Nominal Requirements for Slab Thickness and Size of Edge Beams, Column Capital, and Drop Panel
    16.7 Direct Design Method-Limitations
    16.8 Direct Design Method- Longitudinal Distribution of Moments
    16.9 Direct Design Method-Effect of Pattern Loadings on Positive Moment
    16.10 Direct Design Method-Procedure for Computation of Longitudinal Moments
    16.11 Torsion Stiffness of the Transverse Elements
    16.12 Transverse Distribution of Longitudinal Moment
    16.13 Design of Slab Thickness and Reinforcement
    16.14 Beam (if Used) Size Requirement in Flexure and Shear
    16.15 Shear Strength in Two-Way Floor Systems
    16.16 Shear Reinforcement in Flat Plate Floors
    16.17 Direct Design Method-Moments in Columns
    16.18 Transfer of Moment and Shear at Junction of Slab and Column
    16.19 Openings and Corner Connections in Flat Slabs
    16.20 Equivalent Frame Method for Gravity Load Analysis
    16.21 Equivalent Frame Models for Elastic Analysis
    16.22 Equivalent Frame Method for Lateral Load Analysis
    Selected References

    Chapter 17: Yield Line Theory of Slabs
    17.1 Introduction
    17.2 General Concept
    17.3 Fundamental Assumptions
    17.4 Methods of Analysis
    17.5 Yield Line Analysis of One-Way Slabs
    17.6 Work Done by Yield Line Moments in Rigid Body Rotation of Slab Segment
    17.7 Nodal Force at Intersection of Yield Line with Free Edge
    17.8 Nodal Forces at Intersection of Three Yield Lines
    17.9 Yield Line Analysis of Rectangular Two-Way Slabs
    17.10 Corner Effects in Rectangular Slabs
    17.11 Application of Yield Line Analysis to Special Cases
    Selected References

    Chapter 18: Torsion
    18.1 General
    18.2 Torsional Stress in Homogeneous Sections
    18.3 Torsional Stiffness of Homogeneous Sections
    18.4 Effects of Torsional Stiffness on Compatibility Torsion
    18.5 Torsional Moment Strength Tcr at Cracking
    18.6 Strength of Reinforced Concrete Rectangular Sections in Torsion-Skew Bending Theory
    18.7 Strength of Reinforced Concrete Rectangular Sections in Torsion-Space Truss Analogy
    18.8 Strength of Sections in Combined Bending and Torsion
    18.9 Strength of Sections in Combined Shear and Torsion
    18.10 Strength Interaction Surface for Combined Bending, Shear, and Torsion
    18.11 Torsional Strength of Concrete and Closed Transverse Reinforcement-ACI Code
    18.12 Combined Torsion with Shear or Bending-ACI Code
    18.13 Minimum Requirements for Torsional Reinforcement-ACI Code
    18.14 Examples
    Selected References

    Chapter 19: Footings
    19.1 Purpose of Footings
    19.2 Bearing Capacity of Soil
    19.3 Types of Footings
    19.4 Types of Failure of Footings
    19.5 Shear Strength of Footings
    19.6 Moment Strength of Footings and Development of Reinforcement
    19.7 Proportioning Footing Areas for Equal Settlement
    19.8 Investigation of Square Spread Footings
    19.9 Design of Square Spread Footings
    19.10 Design of Rectangular Footings
    19.11 Design of Plain and Reinforced Concrete Wall Footings
    19.12 Combined Footings
    19.13 Design of Combined Footings
    19.14 Pile Footings
    Selected References

    Chapter 20: Introduction to Prestressed Concrete
    20.1 Introduction
    20.2 Historical Background
    20.3 Advantages and Disadvantages of Prestressed Concrete Construction
    20.4 Pretensioned and Post-tensioned Beam Behavior
    20.5 Service Load Stresses on Flexural Members-Tendons Having Varying Amounts of Eccentricity
    20.6 Three Basic Concepts of Prestressed Concrete
    20.7 Loss of Prestress
    20.8 Nominal Strength Mn of Flexural Members
    20.9 Cracking Moment
    20.10 Shear Strength of Members without Shear Reinforcement
    20.11 Shear Reinforcement for Prestressed Concrete Beams
    20.12 Development of Reinforcement
    20.13 Proportioning of Cross-Sections for Flexure When No Tension is Permitted
    20.14 Additional Topics
    Selected References

    Chapter 21: Composite Members and Connections
    21.1 Introduction
    21.2 Composite Action
    21.3 Concrete Composite Flexural Members
    21.4 Concrete-Steel Composite Members
    21.5 Concrete-Encased Steel Composite Columns
    21.6 Concrete-Filled Tube
    21.7 Moment Connections with Composite Columns
    Selected References