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Cover

Reading American Horizons

Primary Sources for U.S. History in a Global Context, Volume I: To 1877

Fourth Edition

Michael Schaller, Janette Thomas Greenwood, Andrew Kirk, Sarah J. Purcell, Aaron Sheehan-Dean, and Christina Snyder

Publication Date - September 2020

ISBN: 9780197531266

160 pages
Paperback
7 1/2 x 9 1/4 inches

Retail Price to Students: $19.94

A two-volume primary source collection, expertly edited by the authors of American Horizons

Description

Designed to accompany American Horizons: U.S. History in a Global Context, Fourth Edition, this two-volume sourcebook provides a diverse set of documents that situate U.S. History within a global context. Covering political, social, and cultural history, the nearly 200 selections--including many visual documents--will spark discussion in the classroom and give students a deeper understanding of America's history. Robust pedagogy--including a general introduction on how to read primary sources and a headnote and reading questions for each document--makes the sources more accessible to students. The fourth edition features twenty-five new primary sources (ten visual, fifteen textual) that offer a more expansive and inclusive picture of the global influences that affected the U.S., and vice versa.

DIGITAL RESOURCES
Visit www.oup.com/he/schaller4e
for a wealth of digital resources for students and instructors, including an enhanced eBook with embedded learning tools and the Oxford Insight Study Guide, which delivers custom-built adaptive practice sessions based on students' performance.

PACKAGE and SAVE
Package this volume with American Horizons, Fourth Edition, Volume I, at a discount for use in your course. Contact your Oxford Sales Representative at 800.280.0280 to order a package.

New to this Edition

  • Twenty-five new primary sources--including ten new visual sources--that offer a more expansive and inclusive picture of the global influences that affected the U.S., and vice versa:
  • CHAPTER 1: Visual Document: The Catalan Atlas (1375)
  • CHAPTER 2: Dutch Merchant Peter Minuit Describes the Purchase of Manhattan (1626)
  • CHAPTER 3: Visual Document: The Southeast in the Era of the Indian Slave Trade (1711)
  • CHAPTER 4: A Puritan Minister's Account of the Execution of the Pirate Captain William Fly (1726)
  • CHAPTER 5: An Indigenous Great Awakening: Pontiac Explains Neolin's Teachings
  • CHAPTER 6: Visual Document: Philip Dawe, "The Patriotic Barber of New York, or The Captain in the Suds" (1774)
  • CHAPTER 7: Alexander Hamilton, Excerpts from "Federalist No. 65" (1788)
  • CHAPTER 8: Tecumseh, "Speech to the Choctaw and Chickasaw Council" (1811)
  • CHAPTER 9: Letter from Zebulon Pike about New Spain (1807)
  • CHAPTER 10: Charles Ball Describes Commercial Fishing as an Enslaved Man in South Carolina (1806)
  • CHAPTER 11: Visual Document: T. Palmer & Co. (1835); Tushpa, "Choctaw Removal" (1834); Visual Document: Bowling Green, Broadway (1831)
  • CHAPTER 12: Frederick Douglass, from Narrative Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, Written by Himself (1845); Angelina Grimké, Letter to Catharine Beecher (1837); Visual Document: The Drunkard's Progress (1846)
  • CHAPTER 13: Visual Document: Buffalo Hunt on the Southwestern Prairies; George Fitzhugh, from Sociology for the South: Or the Failure of Free Society (1854); Visual Document: Reynolds's Political Map of the United States
  • CHAPTER 14: Abraham Lincoln, excerpt from "Address to the Baltimore Sanitary Fair" (1864); Visual Document: Sunken Road, Battle of Antietam (1862)
  • CHAPTER 15: Mississippi Black Codes (1865); Visual Document: "And Not This Man?, Testimony of Elias Hill, Klu Klux Klan Hearings (1871)

Features

  • Designed specifically to accompany American Horizons, Fourth Edition
  • Offers a diverse collection of primary sources, both textual and visual
  • Includes three reading questions for each document
  • Provides an introductory section on how to read primary sources

About the Author(s)

Michael Schaller is Regents Professor of History Emeritus at the University of Arizona, where he has taught since 1974.

Janette Thomas Greenwood is Professor of History at Clark University and specializes in African American history and history of the U.S. South.

Andrew Kirk is Professor and Chair of History at University of Nevada, Las Vegas, and specializes in the history of the U.S. West and environmental history.

Sarah J. Purcell is L.F. Parker Professor of History at Grinnell College. She specializes in the early national period, antebellum United States, popular culture, politics, gender, and military history.

Aaron Sheehan-Dean is Chair and Fred C. Frey Professor r of History at Louisiana State University. He specializes in civil war and reconstruction and history of the New South.

Christina Snyder is the McCabe Greer Professor of History at The Pennsylvania State University. She researches colonialism, race, and slavery, with a focus on Native North America from the pre-contact era through the nineteenth century.

Table of Contents

    HOW TO READ A PRIMARY SOURCE
    PREFACE

    CHAPTER 1. THE ORIGINS OF THE ATLANTIC WORLD, ANCIENT TIMES TO 1565
    1.1 Swimmer as Told to James Mooney, "Origin of Disease and Medicine," (1880s and Undated Oral Traditions)
    1.2 Visual Document: The Catalan Atlas (1375)
    1.3 Fernando and Juana, Monarchs of Castile and Aragon (Spain), "Instructions Given by the Monarchs to Rodrigo de Alburquerque and to Licentiate Ibarra to Be Carried Out during the General Distribution of the Indians in the Island of Hispaniola," Excerpts (1513)
    1.4 Letters from Afronos, King of Kongo, to Joao III, King of Portugal (1526)
    1.5 Rodrigo Rangel, "Account of the Northern Conquest and Discovery of Hernando De Soto" (1540)

    CHAPTER 2. COLONISTS ON THE MARGINS, 1565 to 1640
    2.1 Richard Hakluyt, Excerpts from "A Brief Relation of Two Sundry Voyages" (1598)
    2.2 Visual Document: Simon van de Passe and Compton Holland, Portrait of Pocahontas (1616)
    2.3 Dutch Merchant Peter Minuit Describes the Purchase of Manhattan (1626)
    2.4 Fray Alonso de Benavides, Excerpts from "Petition to Restrict Indian Tribute and Personal Service" (ca. 1630)
    2.5 Jacques Gravier's Account of the Marriage of Marie Rouensa (1694)

    CHAPTER 3. FORMING TIGHTER BONDS, 1640 to 1700
    3.1 Visual Document: Richard Ford, A New Map of the Island of Barbadoes (1674)
    3.2 Declaration of Josephe Following the Pueblo Revolt (1681)
    3.3 Germantown Quaker Meeting, "Reasons Why We Are against the Traffic of Men-Body" (1688)
    3.4 Visual Document: The Southeast in the Era of the Indian Slave Trade (1711)

    CHAPTER 4. ACCELERATING THE PACE OF CHANGE, ca. 1690 to 1730
    4.1 Boston News-Letter, Editorial Favoring Indentured Servitude Over Slavery (1706)
    4.2 Visual Document: Guillaume de L'Isle, Carte de la Louisiane et du cours du Mississippi (Map of Louisiana and Course of the Mississippi) (1718)
    4.3 A Puritan Minister's Account of the Execution of the Pirate Captain William Fly (1726)
    4.4 A French Colonist's Account of the Origins of the First Franco-Chickasaw War (1736)
    4.5 Excerpts from Saukamappee's Account of the Advent of Horses and Funs to the Blackfeet, as Told to David Thompson (1787-1788)

    CHAPTER 5. BATTLING FOR SOULS, MINDS, AND THE HEART OF NORTH AMERICA, 1730 to 1763
    5.1 Visual Document: English Copy of a Catawba Deerskin Map (ca. 1721)
    5.2 Future Residents of Gracia Real de Mose, Florida, Letter to Phili V, King of Spain, 1738
    5.3 Bejamin Franklin, Excerpts from "Observations on the Increase of Mankind" (1751)
    5.4 Diary of Hannah Heaton, Excerpts from her Recollections of the Great Awakening (1750s)
    5.5 An Indigenous Great Awakening: Pontiac Explains Neolin's Teachings

    CHAPTER 6. EMPIRE AND RENAISSANCE, 1763 to 1776
    6.1 King Charles III of Spain, Appointment of Jose De Galvez as Visitor General to New Spain (1765)
    6.2 William Pitt, Opposing the Stamp Act in Parliament (1766)
    6.3 John Dickinson, "The Liberty Song" (1768)
    6.4 Thomas Hutchinson, Excerpts from Letters to Great Britain Describing Popular Unrest (1768, 1769)
    6.5 Visual Document: Philip Dawe, "The Patriotic Barber of New York, or The Captain in the Suds" (1774)
    6.6 Abigail Adams, Excerpts from Letters to John Adams about the Battle of Bunker Hill and Conditions in Boston (1775)

    CHAPTER 7. A REVOLUTIONARY NATION, 1776 to 1789
    7.1 Visual Document: Pierre Le Beau, Portrait of Benjamin Franklin
    7.2 Diary of Surgeon Albigence Waldo, Excerpts Describing the Continental Army's Encampment at Valley Forge (1777)
    7.3 Boston King, Excerpts from "Memoirs of the Life of Boston King: A Black Preacher" (1798)
    7.4 James Madison, Excerpts from "Federalist No. 51" (1788)
    7.5 Alexander Hamilton, Excerpts from "Federalist No. 65" (1788)
    7.6 Mercy Otis Warren, Observations on the New Constitution, and the Federal and State Conventions by a Columbian Patriot (1788)

    CHAPTER 8. A NEW NATION FACING A REVOLUTIONARY WORLD, 1789 to 1815
    8.1 Greenleaf's New York Journal, Anonymous Letters Reporting on Crowd Protests against the Jay Treaty in Philadelphia (1795)
    8.2 Visual Document: Anonymous Cartoonist, The Providential Detection (ca. 1797-1800)
    8.3 James Bayard, Excerpts from a Letter to Alexander Hamilton Describing His Dilemma in the Disputed Presidential Election of 1800 (January 7, 1801)
    8.4 James Mather and William Clairborne, Excerpts from Letters Regarding Caribbean Migrants in New Orleans (1809)
    8.5 Tecumseh, "Speech to the Choctaw and Chickasaw Council" (1811)
    8.6 Visual Document: John Wesley Jarvis, Portrait of Captain Samuel Chester Reid (1815)

    CHAPTER 9. AMERICAN PEOPLES ON THE MOVE, 1789 to 1824
    9.1 Journal of Benjamin Carpenter, Reflections on the India Trade (1790)
    9.2 Eli Whitney and Thomas Jefferson, Letteres on the Patenting of the Cotton Gin (1793)
    9.3 Susannah Rowson, Preface to Charlotte Temple (1794)
    9.4 Letter from Zebulon Pike about New Spain (1807)
    9.5 Visual Document: Toddy Jug With Portrait of George Washington (ca. 1800-1820)

    CHAPTER 10. MARKET REVOLUTIONS AND THE RISE OF DEMOCRACY, 1789 to 1832
    10.1 William Sampson, Excerpts from People V. Melvin In Defense of the New York Journeymen Shoemakers (1809)
    10.2 Basil Hall, Excerpts from Travels in North America in the Years 1827 and 1828 (1829)
    10.3 Visual Document: Paper Election Ticket For Maryland General Assembly (1828)
    10.4 Charles Ball Describes Commercial Fishing as an Enslaved Man in South Carolina (1806)
    10.5 Editor of The Eastern Argus, Excerpts from Coverage of Fourth of July Celebrations in Portland, Maine (July 9, 1830)
    10.6 Andrew Jackson, Veto of the Bank of the United States (July 10, 1832)

    CHAPTER 11. NEW BOUNDARIES, NEW ROLES, 1820 to 1856
    11.1 Visual Document: T. Palmer & Co.
    11.2 Tushpa, "Choctaw Removal" (1834)
    11.3 The Phalanx, Excerpts from "The Strike for Wages" (November 4, 1843) and "The Ten Hour System" (May 18, 1844)
    11.4 Visual Document: Bowling Green, Broadway (1831)
    11.5 Jose Enrique de la Pena, Excerpt from With Santa Anna in Texas: A Personal Narrative of the Revolution (1836)
    11.6 Amy Melenda Galusha, Letter to Aaron Leland Galusha (April 3, 1849)

    CHAPTER 12. RELIGION AND REFORM, 1820 to 1850
    12.1 Frederick Douglass, from Narrative Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, Written by Himself (1845)
    12.2 Visual Document: Woodcut, A Horrid Massacre (1831)
    12.3 Angelina Grimke, Letter to Catharine Beecher (1837)
    12.4 Visual Document: The Drunkard's Progress
    12.5 Elizabeth Cady Stanton, "Declaration of Sentiments" (1848)
    12.6 Walt Whitman, One's Self I Sing (1871)

    CHAPTER 13. A HOUSE DIVIDING, 1844 to 1860
    13.1 Visual Document: Buffalo Hunt on the Southwestern Prairies
    13.2 Excerpt from Article XI, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (February 2, 1848)
    13.3 George Fitzhugh, from Sociology for the South: Or the Failure of Free Society (1854)
    13.4 Visual Document: Reynolds's Political Map of the United States
    13.5 Republican Party Platform (1856)
    13.6 Stephen F. Hale, Excerpts from A Letter to B. Magoffin (December 27, 1860)

    CHAPTER 14. THE CIVIL WAR, 1860 to 1865
    14.1 Corporal Wilbur Fisk, Excerpts from Letters to the Green Mountain Freeman (May 20, 1862, and April 7, 1864)
    14.2 Visual Document: Sunken Road, Battle of Antietam (1862)
    14.3 Spotswood Rice, Letters Written from Hospital (September 3, 1864)
    14.4 Abraham Lincoln, Excerpt from "Address to the Baltimore Sanitary Fair," (1864)
    14.5 Catherine Edmonston, Excerpts from Diary (January 9, 1865)
    14.6 Visual Document: Albany Evening Journal, "General Lee and His Army Have Surrendered" (April 10, 1865)

    CHAPTER 15. RECONSTRUCTING AMERICA, 1865 to 1877
    15.1 Jourdon Anderson, Letter to P.H. Anderson (August 7, 1865)
    15.2 Visual Document: And Not This Man?
    15.3 Mississippi Black Codes (1865)
    15.4 Georges Clemenceau, Excerpt from American Reconstruction, 1865-1870, and the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson (1867)
    15.5 Testimony of Elias Hill, Ku Klux Klan Hearings (1871)
    15.6 North Carolina Sharecropping Contract (July 21, 1882)

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