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Cover

Race and Racisms

A Critical Approach, Brief Second Edition

Second Edition

Tanya Maria Golash-Boza

Publication Date - July 2018

ISBN: 9780190889432

368 pages
Paperback
6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

Retail Price to Students: $59.99

A brief topical text that focuses on the social and historical construction of race and racial inequality

Description

Ideal for instructors who want the flexibility to assign additional readings, Race and Racisms: A Critical Approach, Brief Second Edition, is a topical text that engages students in significant questions related to racial dynamics in the United States and around the world. Shorter than Golash-Boza's highly acclaimed comprehensive text, the Brief Second Edition features a streamlined narrative and is enhanced by its own unique features.

Race and Racisms: A Critical Approach, Brief Second Edition, engages students in significant questions related to racial dynamics in the U.S. and around the world. Written in accessible, straightforward language, the book discusses and critically analyzes cutting-edge scholarship in the field. Organized into topics and concepts rather than discrete racial groups, the text addresses:

* How and when the idea of race was created and developed
* How structural racism has worked historically to reproduce inequality
* How we have a society rampant with racial inequality, even though most people do not consider themselves to be racist
* How race, class, and gender work together to create inequality and identities
* How immigration policy in the United States has been racialized
* How racial justice could be imagined and realized

Centrally focused on racial dynamics, Race and Racisms, Brief Second Edition, also incorporates an intersectional perspective, discussing the intersections of racism, patriarchy, and capitalism.

New to this Edition

  • Increased coverage of gender and intersectionality, including a new section on whiteness, class, gender, and sexuality
  • New "Talking about Race" features in the front matter and at the end of each chapter
  • New discussions of biology and ethnicity
  • An expanded section on white privilege
  • Coverage of racial justice social movements such as #OscarsSoWhite
  • Updated "Thinking about Racial Justice" features, which encourage reflection and social involvement

About the Author(s)

Tanya Maria Golash-Boza is Professor of Sociology at the University of California, Merced.

Reviews

"Golash-Boza does an excellent job of providing examples that reflect the social, demographic, and cultural diversity of the United States. I'm very excited that she went beyond the classical theorists and included critical race scholars, Chicano scholars, etc. This is a very engaging text that forces students to participate in a level of dialogue that they have rarely experienced."--Maria Isabel Ayala, Michigan State University

"This textbook's very compelling coverage makes it stand out. The way in which Golash-Boza develops the history and ideology is fresh and relevant; it engages students in a new way. The book provides a good grounding in theory and the construction of race in society."--Santos Torres, Jr., California State University, Sacramento

"Race and Racisms is comprehensive but not so dense as to intimidate students. I like that the book takes a thematic approach versus a chapter breakdown of different racial and ethnic groups (which I find to be essentialist and problematic). It covers a lot of ground, which makes it ideal to incorporate into a variety of courses."--Jean Beaman, Purdue University

Table of Contents

    Preface
    Talking About Race Outside the Classroom

    CHAPTER 1: The Origin of the Idea of Race
    Defining Race and Ethnicity
    Race: The Evolution of an Ideology
    Historical Precedents to the Idea of Race
    Slavery before the Idea of Race
    European Encounters with Indigenous Peoples of the Americas
    --Voices: The Spanish Treatment of Indigenous Peoples
    Slavery and Colonization
    Exploitation in the Thirteen English Colonies
    The Legal Codification of Racial Differences
    --Voices: From Bullwhip Days
    Slavery Versus the Ideal of Freedom in the United States
    The Indian Removal Act: The Continuation of Manifest Destiny
    The Rise of Scientific Racism
    European Taxonomies
    Scientific Racism in the Nineteenth
    Century
    Intelligence Testing
    Eugenics

    Conclusion and Discussion
    --Thinking about Racial Justice
    --Check Your Understanding
    --Talking about Race

    CHAPTER 2: Racial Ideologies and Sociological Theories of Racism
    Prejudice, Discrimination, and Institutional Racism
    Individual Racism
    --Voices: Microaggressions
    Institutional Racism
    Systemic Racism and Structural Racism
    Systemic Racism
    Structural Racism

    Racial Ideologies
    Biological Racism
    Cultural Racism
    Color-Blind Racism
    Islamophobia and Anti-Arab Racism

    Racial Formation
    White Supremacy and Settler Colonialism
    Intersectional Theories of Race and Racism
    White Privilege
    Whiteness, Class, Gender, and Sexuality
    Conclusion and Discussion
    --Thinking about Racial Justice
    --Check Your Understanding
    --Talking about Race

    CHAPTER 3: Racism and Nativism in Immigration Policy
    --Voices: Robert Bautista-Denied Due Process
    The Racialized History of U.S. Immigration Policy
    Race and the Making of U.S. Immigration Policies: 1790 to 1924
    Nativism Between 1924 and 1964
    The 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act and the Changing Face of Immigration

    Illegal Immigration and Policy Response
    The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA) and Nativism
    Proposition 187 and the Lead-Up to the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (IIRIRA)
    The 1996 Laws and the Detention and Deportation of Black and Latino Immigrants

    --Voices: Hector, a Guatemalan Deportee
    The DREAM Act
    Nativism in the Twenty-First Century
    --Voices: The Zarour Family
    Conclusion and Discussion
    --Thinking about Racial Justice
    --Check Your Understanding
    --Talking about Race

    CHAPTER 4: Racism in the Media: The Spread of Ideology
    Representations in Entertainment
    Portrayals of Blacks
    --Voices: Why 'black-ish' Is the Show We Need Right Now
    Portrayals of Latinx
    Portrayals of Arabs and Arab Americans
    --Voices:"Why We Hacked Homeland"
    Portrayals of Asians and Asian Americans
    Portrayals of Native Americans

    New Media Representations
    Video Games
    Social Media

    Media Images and Racial Inequality
    Raced, Classed, and Gendered Media Images
    Conclusion and Discussion
    --Thinking about Racial Justice
    --Check Your Understanding
    --Talking about Race

    CHAPTER 5: Colorism and Skin-Color Stratification
    The History of Colorism
    The Origins of Colorism in the Americas
    The Origins of Colorism in Asia and Africa

    The Global Color Hierarchy
    Asia and Asian Americans
    --Voices: The Fair-Skin Battle
    Latin America and Latinx
    Africa and the African Diaspora

    --Voices: Colorism and Creole Identity
    Skin Color, Gender, and Beauty
    --Voices: After #NotFairandLovely: Changing Thought Patterns Instead of Skintone
    Conclusion and Discussion
    --Thinking about Racial Justice
    --Check Your Understanding
    --Talking about Race

    CHAPTER 6: Educational Inequality
    The History of Educational Inequality
    Indian Schools
    Segregation and Landmark Court Cases
    The Persistence of Racial Segregation in the Educational System
    Affirmative Action in Higher Education
    Educational Inequality Today
    The Achievement Gap: Sociological Explanations for Persistent Inequality
    Parental Socioeconomic Status
    Cultural Explanations:"Acting White" and Other Theories
    Tracking
    Social and Cultural Capital and Schooling
    --Voices: Moesha
    Hidden Curricula and the School-to-Prison Pipeline
    Conclusion and Discussion
    --Thinking about Racial Justice
    --Check Your Understanding
    --Talking about Race

    CHAPTER 7: Income and Labor Market Inequality
    Income Inequality by Race, Ethnicity, and Gender
    Dimensions of Racial Disparities in the Labor Market
    Disparities Among Women
    Disparities Among Asian Americans
    Underemployment, Unemployment, and Joblessness

    --Voices: Jarred
    Sociological Explanations for Income and Labor Market Inequality
    Individual-Level Explanations
    --Voices: Latinx Professionals as Racialized Tokens: Lisa's Story
    Structural Explanations
    Affirmative Action in Employment
    Entrepreneurship and Self-Employment
    Conclusion and Discussion
    --Thinking about Racial Justice
    --Check Your Understanding
    --Talking about Race

    CHAPTER 8: Inequality in Housing and Wealth
    Residential Segregation
    The Creation of Residential Segregation
    --Voices: Vince Meredey (from Color of Law)
    Discriminatory and Predatory Lending Practices
    Neighborhood Segregation Today

    Wealth Inequalities
    Inequality in Homeownership and Home Values
    Wealth Inequality Beyond Homeownership

    Explaining the Widening Wealth Gap
    Conclusion and Discussion
    --Thinking about Racial Justice
    --Check Your Understanding
    --Talking about Race

    CHAPTER 9: Racism and the Criminal Justice System
    Mass Incarceration in the United States
    The Rise of Mass Incarceration
    Mass Incarceration in a Global Context
    Race and Mass Incarceration

    --Voices: Earl Washington
    The Inefficacy of Mass Incarceration
    Mass Incarceration and the War on Drugs
    Race, Class, Gender, and Mass Incarceration

    Institutional Racism in the Criminal Justice System
    Racial Profiling
    --Voices: Sandy Bland
    Sentencing Disparities
    The Ultimate Sentence: Racial Disparities in the Death Penalty

    The Economics of Mass Incarceration
    Private Prisons
    The Prison-Industrial Complex

    Beyond Incarceration: Collateral Consequences
    The Impact of Mass Incarceration on Families and Children
    The Lifelong Stigma of a Felony: "The New Jim Crow"

    Conclusion and Discussion
    --Thinking about Racial Justice
    --Check Your Understanding
    --Talking about Race

    CHAPTER 10: Health Inequalities, Environmental Racism, and Environmental Justice
    The History of Health Disparities in the United States
    Involuntary Experimentation on African Americans
    Free Blacks as Mentally and Physically Unfit

    Explaining Health Disparities by Race and Ethnicity Today
    Socioeconomic Status and Health Disparities by Race/Ethnicity
    Segregation and Health
    The Effects of Individual Racism on the Health of African Americans
    Life-Course Perspectives
    Culture and Health
    Genetics, Race, and Health

    Environmental Racism
    Environmental Justice
    --Voices: The Fight Against the Dakota Access Pipleline
    --Voices: The Flint Water Crisis
    Conclusion and Discussion
    --Thinking about Racial Justice
    --Check Your Understanding
    --Talking about Race

    Glossary
    References
    Credits
    Index