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Prisons and Prison Life

Costs and Consequences

Second Edition

Joycelyn M. Pollock

Publication Date - 12 July 2012

ISBN: 9780199783250

272 pages
6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

A compelling, gritty portrait of life in U.S. prisons


Prisons and Prison Life: Costs and Consequences, Second Edition, investigates and analyzes prisons--and the often undocumented costs of imprisonment for all involved.

Beginning with a short history of imprisonment in the U.S., the text covers all aspects of prison life, including a description of life in prison from the point of view of both inmates and officers, inmate rights, women's prisons, prison programs, and re-entry.

Rich pedagogical features help students absorb information, while end-of-chapter review questions stimulate lively class discussions. Quotations from inmates allow students to personalize the issues.

Offering a lucid, critical, yet balanced look at American prison life, this volume is ideal for courses on prisons and corrections.

New to this Edition

  • Expanded discussion of the rapid growth of incarceration over the last few decades
  • Updated data and statistics throughout
  • Includes the most current research on prison sexual assault
  • New online resources for further reading

About the Author(s)

Joycelyn M. Pollock is Professor of Criminal Justice at Texas State University-San Marcos.

Previous Publication Date(s)

January 2004


"This is my preferred text. It is well written and provides interesting examples that highlight the prison experience."--Dawna Komorosky, California State University, East Bay

"This book stands out for its excellent treatment of inmate rights and the incarceration of women. Its concrete, accessible materials help students connect their own experiences and those of people working and living in prisons."--Jody Sundt, Portland State University

Table of Contents

    Chapter 1: Prisons: Then and Now
    1. The Purpose and Function of Prisons
    2. The Philadelphia and Auburn Models
    3. 1900-1950s
    4. 1960-1980s
    -- New Expectations
    -- Racial Politics
    -- Drugs
    -- Young Offenders
    -- The Death of the Rehabilitative Era
    5. 1980-Today
    6. Prisons and Politics
    7. Conclusion
    Chapter 2: Explaining Incarceration
    1. The Rise of Imprisonment
    2. The United States Compared to the World
    3. Comparing States' Rates of Incarceration
    4. Incarceration and Race/Ethnicity
    5. Explaining the Increase
    -- Crime
    -- Sentencing Changes
    -- Increased "Punitiveness"
    -- Increased Parole Revocations
    -- The "War on Drugs"
    -- The Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill
    -- The Privatization of Prisons
    6. Reversing the Trend
    7. Conclusion
    Chapter 3: The New Bastille
    1. The Number and Types of Prisons
    2. Federal and State Systems
    -- State Prisons
    3. Overcrowding
    4. The Super-Max
    5. Private Prisons
    -- Proponents and Opponents of Privatization
    -- Corrections Corporation of America and Geo Group
    -- Evaluations of Private Prisons
    -- Interstate Transfer
    6. Conclusion
    Chapter 4: Prisoners
    1. The Demographics of Prisoners
    -- Race
    -- Age
    -- Medical/Physical Characteristics
    -- Education and Employment Histories
    -- Family
    2. Prisoners: Yesterday and Today
    3. Special Populations
    -- Mentally Ill
    -- Mentally Handicapped
    -- Drug Dependent Offenders
    4. Classification
    5. Medical Services
    6. Conclusion
    Chapter 5: Rehabilitation Revisited
    1. The Legacy of the Rehabilitative Era
    2. What Is Treatment?
    -- Recreation
    3. Education, Vocational Training, and Industry
    -- Education
    -- Vocational Training and Industry
    4. Drug Treatment
    -- Evaluating Drug Treatment
    5. Rehabilitative Programs and the Will to Change
    -- Evaluations
    -- The Will to Change
    6. Evidence-Based Corrections
    7. Conclusion
    Chapter 6: Living in Prison
    1. Prisoner Subculture Research
    2. Elements of the Subculture
    -- Prison Argot
    -- Inmate Code
    -- The Black Market
    3. Race and Gangs
    4. Prison Violence
    -- Correlates of Violence
    -- Economic Violence
    -- Sexual Violence
    -- Riots and Collective Violence
    -- Changes in Prison Violence
    5. Coping in the Prison World
    6. Conclusion
    Chapter 7: Prisons for Women
    1. Increasing Numbers
    2. History of Women's Prisons
    3. Gendered Pathways and Gendered Programming
    -- Pathways Research
    -- Victimization
    -- Drugs
    -- Importance of Relationships
    -- Pathways and Classification
    -- Gender-Specific Programming
    4. Living in Prison
    -- Violence
    5. Sexual Relationships and Sexual Violence
    -- Sexual Victimization by Staff Members
    6. Mothers in Prison
    7. Conclusions
    Chapter 8: Prisoners' Rights
    1. Causes of Action and Sources of Rights
    2. First Amendment
    -- Freedom of Religion
    -- Freedom of Speech and Press
    -- Rights of Association
    3. Fourth Amendment
    4. Eighth Amendment
    -- Medical Care and Rehabilitation
    -- Excessive Use of Force/Other Punishments
    -- Totality of Circumstances
    5. Fourteenth Amendment
    -- Access to Courts
    -- Disciplinary Proceedings
    -- Other Deprivations
    6. Conclusion
    Chapter 9: Correctional Staff and Administration
    1. Correctional Officers
    -- The Changing Role of the Guard
    -- Correctional Officers Today
    -- "Structured Conflict"
    -- The Officer Subculture
    -- Stress
    -- The Human Service Officer
    2. Violence
    3. Managing the Prison
    -- Unionization
    -- Civil Service and Workforce Diversity
    -- Cross-Sex Supervision and Sexual Misconduct
    -- Corruption and Unethical Practices
    4. Conclusions
    Chapter 10: Release, Reentry, and the Future of Prisons
    1. Reentry and Recidivism
    2. Parole
    3. Civil Liberties
    4. Barriers to Success
    5. Envisioning the Perfect Prison
    -- The Importance of Justice
    6. Cutting Back on Prison
    -- The Prison Industrial Complex
    7. Conclusion
    Table of Cases

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