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Cover

Principles of Moral Philosophy

Classic and Contemporary Approaches

Edited by Steven M. Cahn and Andrew T. Forcehimes

Publication Date - February 2016

ISBN: 9780190491000

592 pages
Paperback
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $94.99

An inclusive and balanced collection of classic and contemporary readings in moral philosophy, with a focus on normative ethics

Description

Principles of Moral Philosophy: Classic and Contemporary Approaches covers all the major theories in normative ethics--relativism, egoism, divine command theory, natural law, Kantian ethics, consequentialism, pluralism, social contract theory, virtue ethics, the ethics of care, and particularism--and also includes sections on applied ethics and metaethics. It provides students with a balanced introduction to an array of approaches to topics in normative ethics, offering traditional theories alongside criticisms of them. The readings are enhanced by a variety of pedagogical features including a general introduction, an introduction to each reading, study questions after each reading, and a glossary of key terms.

With one-third of its contemporary readings authored by women, Principles of Moral Philosophy is the most inclusive and balanced normative ethics reader available. A password-protected Instructor's Manual is available on the book's Ancillary Resource Center.

About the Author(s)

Steven M. Cahn is Professor of Philosophy at The City University of New York Graduate Center. He is the author or editor of more than fifty books. Most recently, he coauthored Happiness and Goodness: Philosophical Reflections on Living Well (2015). Dr. Cahn is the editor of The World of Philosophy (OUP, 2015), Ethics, Sixth Edition (OUP, 2015), Exploring Philosophy, Fifth Edition (OUP, 2014), Political Philosophy, Third Edition (OUP, 2014), and Exploring Ethics, Third Edition (OUP, 2013).

Andrew T. Forcehimes is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. He has published articles in Ethics, Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy, Utilitas, and Res Publica. He is also the coeditor, with Larry May, of Morality, Jus Post Bellum, and International Law (2012).

Reviews

"Principles of Moral Philosophy is a superior book for ethics classes. The introduction complements the book's structure very well, preparing students for each new ethical theory and showing how they fare against each other. The book also offers readings in applied ethics. The greater number of selections both by women and against tradition is a strength of the book."--Joshua Johnston, Auburn University

"This anthology covers an impressive range of central topics in normative ethics."--Fernando Zapata, Hunter College, City University of New York

"Cahn and Forcehimes have compiled excellent readings in Principles of Moral Philosophy, including sections on egoism, divine command, and relativism. This volume is strong in its treatment of consequentialism and Kantian ethics and also includes an engaging section on applied ethics."--Paul Pistone, Palomar College

"This concise collection of essential readings provides the perfect collection for a class focused on normative ethical theory. It maintains the importance of historical sources without compromising the breadth of contemporary literature. The introduction does a great job of introducing the role of reason, principle, and justification in normative ethics. Turning to these classic writings will provide a rich and comprehensive introductory ethics course."--Kenneth Shockley, University at Buffalo, State University of New York

"The strengths of Principles of Moral Philosophy include its breadth (which isn't overwhelming) and the mix of historical and contemporary readings. To date, there hasn't been anything to compete with Timmons' Conduct and Character, and this does. It also has greater breadth at a better price point."--Ellen M. Maccarone, Gonzaga University

"This is a very good collection that covers the important theories effectively. The selections are very strong, with a nice balance of classic or well-known pieces and newer or less-often-used ones. The introduction does a nice job of introducing the basic questions of normative ethics in a way that illustrates how philosophical questions can arise in familiar and even quotidian contexts. It also introduces more technical vocabulary effectively and naturally and without making things too difficult. It functions rather like Timmons' introduction to Conduct and Character, though it probably works better."--Dennis Arjo, Johnson County Community College

"I like that Principles of Moral Philosophy takes a pro/con approach to the different topics it addresses. It includes most of the standard primary source texts and contains some promising secondary articles on Kant and Aristotle."--Greg Lynch, North Central College

Table of Contents

    Preface
    PART 1. INTRODUCTION
    The Anatomy of Normative Ethics
    Andrew T. Forcehimes
    PART 2. RELATIVISM
    Moral Relativism: A Defense
    Ruth Benedict
    Moral Isolationism
    Mary Midgley
    PART 3. EGOISM
    The Republic
    Plato
    In Defense of Egoism
    Jesse Kalin
    Egoism and Moral Skepticism
    James Rachels
    PART 4. DIVINE COMMAND THEORY
    God and Morality
    Steven M. Cahn
    A Modified Divine Command Theory
    Robert M. Adams
    PART 5. NATURAL LAW
    Summa Contra Gentiles
    Thomas Aquinas
    Natural Law
    John Finnis
    Natural Law
    Russ Shafer-Landau
    PART 6. KANTIAN ETHICS
    Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals
    Immanuel Kant
    Kantianism
    Shelly Kagan
    On the Value of Acting from the Motive of Duty
    Barbara Herman
    Kant's Formula of Humanity
    Christine M. Korsgaard
    Moral Luck
    Thomas Nagel
    PART 7. CONSEQUENTIALISM
    An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
    Jeremy Bentham
    Utilitarianism
    John Stuart Mill
    The Meaning and Proof of Utilitarianism
    Henry Sidgwick
    Well-Being
    Shelly Kagan
    Objective and Subjective Consequentialism
    Julia Driver
    Rule-consequentialism versus Act-consequentialism
    Brad Hooker
    A Critique of Utilitarianism
    Bernard Williams
    PART 8. PLURALISM
    The Right and the Good
    W. D. Ross
    An Unconnected Heap of Duties?
    David McNaughton
    How Strong Is this Obligation?
    Walter Sinnott-Armstrong
    PART 9. SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORY
    Leviathan
    Thomas Hobbes
    A Theory of Justice
    John Rawls
    Why Contractarianism?
    David Gauthier
    What We Owe to Each Other
    T. M. Scanlon
    Can Contract Theory Ground Morality?
    Philip Pettit
    PART 10. VIRTUE ETHICS
    Nicomachean Ethics
    Aristotle
    Virtue Ethics
    Julia Annas
    Normative Virtue Ethics
    Rosalind Hursthouse
    Virtue and Right
    Robert N. Johnson
    PART 11. THE ETHICS OF CARE
    Moral Orientation and Moral Development
    Carol Gilligan
    Beyond Caring
    Marilyn Friedman
    The Ethics of Care
    Virginia Held
    PART 12. PARTICULARISM
    Existentialism Is a Humanism
    Jean-Paul Sartre
    Particularism, Universalism. and Commonsense Morality
    Shelly Kagan
    PART 13. APPLIED ETHICS
    A Defense of Abortion
    Judith Jarvis Thomson
    An Argument that Abortion Is Wrong
    Don Marquis
    Virtue Theory and Abortion
    Rosalind Hursthouse
    Famine, Affluence, and Morality
    Peter Singer
    Reply to Singer
    Travis Timmerman
    The Trolley Problem
    Judith Jarvis Thomson
    The Altruism Puzzle
    Steven M. Cahn, Harry Brighouse, and Robert B. Talisse
    PART 14. METAETHICS
    A Treatise of Human Nature
    David Hume
    Principia Ethica
    G. E. Moore
    Ethics and Observation
    Gilbert Harman
    Realism
    Michael Smith
    Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives
    Philippa Foot
    The Last Word
    Thomas Nagel
    Glossary
    Index

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