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Cover

Photography in America

Miles Orvell

Publication Date - August 2015

ISBN: 9780199314225

336 pages
Paperback
7 x 10 inches

Retail Price to Students: $74.99

Presents a chronological history of American photography within a thematic framework

Description

From scientific and documentary photography to the more purely aesthetic, the camera has become a part of American culture at every level. Photography in America explores the medium from a variety of angles--portrait, landscape, photojournalism, documentary, creative digital photography, and postmodern critique of the image--in order to help students understand its impact and meaning. Organized by genres and modes, this text traces the history of a medium considered central to American culture by examining its different uses, going back to its beginnings in the mid-nineteenth century and looking forward to its future.

Features

  • An Introduction explores how to read photographs and how to write about them; subsequent chapters deal with the Civil War; social documentary and the city; art photography; street photography; family albums; photographing minority communities; photography and slavery; photography and the Harlem Renaissance; photography and celebrity; the image world; ghost photography; digital photography, photography and truth, etc.
  • "Techniques, Formats, and Equipment," "Lives in Photography," and "Movements and Trends" boxes throughout the text contain mini-essays on special topics like the Photo Booth, Aerial photography, the Leica camera, Alfred Stieglitz and Camera Work, Magnum Photos, Mapplethorpe and the Culture Wars, the Vietnam War and American Culture, and Motorcycles and the Open Road
  • 170 key terms including Pinhole Photography, Precisionism, Stereograph, Zoopraxiscope, etc; listings of museums and websites; and a timeline help first-time photography students navigate the content and point to rich resources for expanded study
  • 150 biographical sketches of photographers provide additional context and help students connect with the people behind the works discussed in the text, from Mathew Brady to Berenice Abbott and from Edward Weston to Garry Winogrand

About the Author(s)

Miles Orvell is Professor of English and American studies at Temple University; and affiliated Professor of Art History, Tyler School of Art (Temple). He is the prize-winning author of The Real Thing: Imitation and Authenticity in American Culture, 1880-1940, which appeared in a twenty-fifth anniversary edition in 2014. He is also the author of After the Machine: Visual Arts and the Erasing of Cultural Boundaries (1995); John Vachon's America: Photographs and Letters from the Depression to World War II (2003); and The Death and Life of Main Street: Small Towns in American Memory, Space, and Community (2012). Orvell served as Editor in Chief of the Encyclopedia of American Studies Online, published by Johns Hopkins University Press, from 2004 to 2011. In 2009, he received the Bode-Pearson Prize for lifetime achievement, awarded by the American Studies Association.

Reviews

"This text is accessible even to students who have little or no background in the field. I am especially fond of the combination of chronological and thematic styles."--Jillian M. Duquaine-Watson, University of Texas at Dallas

"Excellent illustrations. Great design. Sharp writing. Photography in America is an excellent textbook."--Marc Tasman, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

"Photography in America covers canonical photographers and movements. It is perfect for my needs."--Walter Metz, Southern Illinois University

Table of Contents

    Each chapter ends with Key Terms and Key Names.
    Preface
    Timeline
    1. Introduction: Understanding Photography
    Evolution of the Camera
    TECHNIQUES, FORMATS, AND EQUIPMENT
    --Pinhole Photography
    TECHNIQUES, FORMATS, AND EQUIPMENT
    --The Daguerreotype and Ambrotype
    TECHNIQUES, FORMATS, AND EQUIPMENT
    --Wet Plate to Dry Plate
    Photography and the Other Arts
    How to Read a Photograph
    Writing about Photography
    TECHNIQUES, FORMATS, AND EQUIPMENT
    --The Parts of a Camera
    I. THE NINETEENTH CENTURY
    2. Presenting the Self: The Portrait
    TECHNIQUES, FORMATS, AND EQUIPMENT
    --Photographic Formats
    The Private Portrait
    TECHNIQUES, FORMATS, AND EQUIPMENT
    --Albumen and Gelatin Printing
    The Public Portrait
    The Scientific Portrait
    TECHNIQUES, FORMATS, AND EQUIPMENT
    --The Mug Shot
    The Portrait in the Twentieth Century
    MOVEMENTS AND TRENDS
    --George Eastman and the Growth of Amateur Photography
    The Portrait in the Twentieth Century
    3. Viewing the Landscape
    MOVEMENTS AND TRENDS
    --Approaches to Landscape Photography
    View Photography
    TECHNIQUES, FORMATS, AND EQUIPMENT
    Panorama
    TECHNIQUES, FORMATS, AND EQUIPMENT
    The Stereograph
    The Survey Photograph
    LIVES IN PHOTOGRAPHY
    --O'Sullivan and Jackson
    The Aesthetic Landscape
    MOVEMENTS AND TRENDS
    --Rephotographing the West
    Ansel Adams
    MOVEMENTS AND TRENDS
    --Group f.64
    4. Seeing and Believing: Photography as Documentary
    Photography in the Civil War
    MOVEMENTS AND TRENDS
    --War Photography
    Photography in the Popular Press
    LIVES IN PHOTOGRAPHY
    --Eadweard Muybridge
    TECHNIQUES, FORMATS, AND EQUIPMENT
    --Fine Art Printing: From Calotype to Photogravure
    Riis, Hine, and Social Documentary Photography
    MOVEMENTS AND TRENDS
    --Lewis Wickes Hine's Promotion of "Photography in the School"
    The Information Environment
    5. A Photographic Art 71
    Pictorialism
    The Photo-Secession
    MOVEMENTS AND TRENDS
    --Photo-Secession
    Alfred Stieglitz
    LIVES IN PHOTOGRAPHY
    Stieglitz and Camera Work
    MOVEMENTS AND TRENDS
    Cubism and Photography
    Paul Strand
    LIVES IN PHOTOGRAPHY
    Alfred Stieglitz (1864-1946)
    and Georgia O'Keeffe (1887-1986)
    MOVEMENTS AND TRENDS 85
    --Neue Sachlichkeit
    Modern Photography: Abstraction Versus the Object
    TECHNIQUES, FORMATS, AND EQUIPMENT
    --The Cyanotype and the Photogram
    Edward Weston
    Modernism After World War II
    II. The Twentieth Century
    6. Photography and Society
    Documentary in the 1930s
    The Farm Security Administration
    MOVEMENTS AND TRENDS
    --The Documentary Photo Book
    Picture Magazines
    LIVES IN PHOTOGRAPHY
    --Weegee
    The Family of Man
    Robert Frank
    Street Photography
    Exposing the Other America
    TECHNIQUES, FORMATS, AND EQUIPMENT
    --Large-Format Cameras
    America Seen from the Outside
    Photographing Urban Decay: Vergara and Moore
    America in a Global Context
    7. Photography as Life Narrative
    The Autobiographical Mode: Family Albums
    LIVES IN PHOTOGRAPHY
    --Novak's Collected Visions, a Global Family Album
    Transforming the Family Snapshot
    Expanding the Self-Portrait
    TECHNIQUES, FORMATS, AND EQUIPMENT
    --Photo Booth
    MOVEMENTS AND TRENDS
    --Mapplethorpe and the Culture Wars
    Letting the Subject Speak
    Defining Communities
    MOVEMENTS AND TRENDS
    --Motorcycles and the Open Road
    Diane Arbus
    Nan Goldin and Catherine Opie
    8. African Americans and Photography
    Beginnings
    The Universal Exposition in Paris in 1900
    Photography in the Harlem Renaissance
    The 1930s and 1940s
    MOVEMENTS AND TRENDS
    --Richard Wright's 12 Million Black Voices
    Photography and Civil Rights
    DeCarava and Kamoinge
    Contemporary Black Photographers
    MOVEMENTS AND TRENDS
    --Kamoinge
    III. Contemporary Photography
    9. Contemporary Landscape Photography
    The Sublime Tradition
    Conceptual Landscapes
    The Man-Altered Landscape
    MOVEMENTS AND TRENDS
    --The New Topographics
    Aerial Photography: The Man-Altered Landscape Seen from the Air
    TECHNIQUES, FORMAT, AND EQUIPMENT
    --Aerial Photography
    The Landscape of Destruction
    10. Bearing Witness
    Iconic Images
    War Photography
    TECHNIQUES, FORMATS, AND EQUIPMENT
    --The Leica Camera/35 mm Format
    Vietnam
    MOVEMENTS AND TRENDS
    --Magnum Photos
    MOVEMENTS AND TRENDS
    --The Vietnam War and American Culture
    Documenting the Unthinkable
    The Iraqi Wars
    Atomic Photography
    Natural Disasters
    11. Photography and the Image World
    Photography and Consumer Culture
    TECHNIQUES, FORMATS, AND EQUIPMENT
    --Industrial Photography
    Celebrity
    Fame and Infamy
    TECHNIQUES, FORMATS, AND EQUIPMENT
    --Clandestine Photography
    The Postmodern World of Images
    Media Imagery as Found Art
    TECHNIQUES, FORMATS, AND EQUIPMENT
    --Appropriating Images
    Contemporary Photography and the Archive
    12. Photographing Fictions
    A. D. Coleman: Revising the History of Photography
    MOVEMENTS AND TRENDS
    --Photographing Ghosts and Spirits
    Early Creative Photography
    Duane Michals
    MOVEMENTS AND TRENDS
    --Surrealism and Contemporary Photography
    Joel-Peter Witkin and Andres Serrano
    Cindy Sherman
    Constructing Scenes, Fabricating Images
    Gregory Crewdson and Jeff Wall
    13. Conclusion: Digital Truth
    TECHNIQUES, FORMATS, AND EQUIPMENT
    Digital Cameras
    Biographies
    Glossary
    Museums and Websites
    Index