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Philosophy of Religion

Selected Readings

Third Edition

Edited by William L. Rowe and William J. Wainwright

Publication Date - July 1998

ISBN: 9780195155112

512 pages

Retail Price to Students: $114.99


This third edition of Philosophy of Religion offers a wide variety of readings designed to introduce students to important issues in the philosophy of religion. The authors have coupled new readings--including essays by Robert M. Adams, Peter Van Inwagen, and William P. Alston--with readings from classical philosophers, offering students an even more comprehensive and well-focused text. Many of the essays are particularly accessible to beginning philosophy students. New essays cover religious pluralism, teleological and moral arguments for God's existence, and the problem of evil. Philosophy of Religion, 3/e is an excellent choice for use as a main text or as a supplement for introductory courses in philosophy and religion.

Previous Publication Date(s)

January 1993
September 1978


"An excellent selection of classical and contemporary materials, including some influential articles that deserve more attention in the field."--Brian Stratton, Alma College

Table of Contents

    I. The Nature and Attributes of God
    Necessary Being
    The Divine Nature Exists through Itself, from Monologium, St. Anselm
    God's Nature Cannot Be Separated from His Existence, from Summa Theologica, St. Thomas Aquinas
    Divine Necessity, Robert M. Adams
    Can God's Existence Be Disproved?, J. N. Findlay
    Divine Foreknowledge and Freedom of the Will, from The Consolation of Philosophy, Boethius
    The Knowledge of God, from Summa Theologica, St. Thomas Aquinas
    Divine Omniscience and Voluntary Action, Nelson Pike
    The Omnipotence of God, from Summa Theologica, St. Thomas Aquinas
    Can God Do Evil?, from A Discourse Concerning the Being and Attributes of God, Samuel Clarke
    Omnipotence, P. T. Geach
    The Metaphysical Attributes
    God Is Timeless, Immutable, and Impassible, from Proslogium and Monologium, St. Anselm
    The Simplicity and Immutability of God, from Summa Theologica, St. Thomas Aquinas
    The Divine Relativity, from The Divine Relativity, Charles Hartshorne
    II. Arguments for the Existence of God
    The Ontological Argument
    The Ontological Argument, from Proslogium, St. Anselm
    The Perfect Island Objection, Gaunilo
    Reply to Gaunilo, At. Anselm
    The Supremely Perfect Being Must Exist, from Meditations on First Philosophy, Rene Descartes
    Of the Impollibility of an Ontological Proof, from The Critique of Pure Reason, Immanuel Kant
    A Modal Version of the Ontological Argument, from God, Freedom and Evil, Alvin Plantinga
    The Cosmological Argument
    The Existence of God and the Beginning of the World, from Summa Theologica, St. Thomas Aquinas
    Infinite Causal Regression, Patterson Brown
    The Cosmological Argument, from Discourse Concerning the Being and Attributes of God, Samuel Clarke
    Some Objections to the Cosmological Argument, from Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, David Hume
    Two Criticisms of the Cosmological Argument, William L. Rowe
    The Teleological Argument
    The Evidence of Design, from Natural Theology, William Paley
    Design and the Teleological Argument, from Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, David Hume
    The Wider Teleological Argument, from Metaphysics, Peter Van Inwagen
    The Moral Argument
    The Moral Argument, from Kant's Critique of Practical Reason and Other Works, Immanuel Kant
    Kant on the Moral Argument, from The Miracle of Theism, J. L. Mackie
    Religion and the Queerness of Mortality, George I. Mavrodes
    III. The Problem of Evil
    The Argument Reduced to Syllogistic Form, from Theodicy, Gottfried Leibniz
    God and the Problem of Evil, from Dialogs Concerning Natural Religion, David Hume
    Rebellion, from The Brothers Karamazov, Fyodor Dostoevsky
    The Problem of Evil and Some Varieties of Atheism, William L. Rowe
    The "Soul-Making" Theodicy, from Evil and the God of Love, John Hick
    The Free Will Defense, from God, Freedom, and Evil, Alvin Plantinga
    IV. Objections to Traditional Theism
    Wittgenstein and Fideism
    Religious Belief, from Lectures and Conversations, Ludwig Wittgenstein
    Philosophy, Theology and the Reality of God, D. Z. Phillips
    A Critique of Wittgensteinian Fideism, from The Autonomy of Religious Belief, Kai Nielsen
    Religious Pluralism
    The Pluralistic Hypotheses, from An Interpretation of Religion, John Hick
    A Religious Theory of Religion, Peter Byrne
    Worldviews, Criteria and Epistemic Circularity, William J. Wainwright
    V. Mysticism and Religious Experience
    The Nature and Types of Religious and Mystical Experience
    The Nature of Mysticism, from The Teachings of the Mystics, Walter Stace
    Nature Mysticism, Soul Mysticism and Theistic Mysticism, from Mysticism: Sacred and Profane, R. C. Zaehner
    Numinous Experience and Mystical Experience, from A Dialog of Religion, Ninian Smart
    The Cognitive Status of Religious and Mystical Experience
    The Appeal to Religious Experience, from Religion, Philosophy and Psychical Research, C. D. Broad
    The Cognitive Status of Mystical Experience, from Mysticism: A Study of its Nature, Cognitive Value, and Moral Implications, William J. Wainwright
    Is Religious Belief Rational?", William P. Alston
    VI. Faith and Miracles
    Faith and the Need for Evidence
    Reason and Revelation, from On the Truth of the Catholic Faith, St. Thomas Aquinas
    The Wager, from Pensees, Blaise Pascal
    The Logic of Pascal's Wager, Ian Hacking
    The Ethics of Belief, from Lectures and Essays, W. K. Clifford
    The Will to Believe, from The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy, William James
    Is Belief in God Properly Basic?, Alvin Plantinga
    Toward a Sensible Evidentialism: On the Notion of "Needing Evidence", Stephen J. Wykstra
    Of Miracles, from An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, David Hume
    Miracles, R. G. Swinburne
    Revelation and Miracle, from Systematic Theology, Paul Tillich
    VII. Death and Immortality
    The Soul, Anthony Quinton
    The Problem of Life After Death, H. H. Price
    A Future State, from A Discourse Concerning the Unalterable Obligations of Natural Religion, and the Truth and Certainty of the Christian Revelation, Samuel Clarke
    Doubts About Immortality, from Two Essays on Suicide and Immortality, David
    The Dependency Argument, from Some Dogmas of Religion, J. M. E. McTaggart