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Philosophy Here and Now

Powerful Ideas in Everyday Life

Fourth Edition

Lewis Vaughn

Publication Date - 01 June 2021

ISBN: 9780197543412

528 pages

In Stock

In lucid, engaging prose, this unique introduction relates the perennial questions of philosophy to students' lives today


Philosophy Here and Now: Powerful Ideas in Everyday Life, Fourth Edition, is a topically organized hybrid text/reader that helps students understand, appreciate, and even do philosophy. The book emphasizes philosophical writing, reinforced with step by step coaching in how to write argumentative essays and supported by multiple opportunities to hone critical thinking skills. It shows students how philosophy applies to their own lives and brings the subject to life with engaging chapter ending literary selections, abundant illustrations, and a wealth of pedagogical features.

New to this Edition

  • Exciting new digital resources including an interactive eBook and 18 animated video tutorials
  • Updated and expanded discussions of the mind-body problem, aesthetics, religion, and the meaning of life
  • New sections on obstacles to critical thinking and ethical principlism
  • New text boxes on a variety of engaging topics: pandemic ethics, feminist critiques of Western religion, universal basic income, modern Platonism, perfectionism and the meaning of life, and survey data about religious belief
  • A new appendix on evaluating online sources
  • Increased gender balance and diversity throughout the text


  • Successfully emphasizes the relevance of philosophy as a living discipline through a topical approach
  • Introduces timely discussion on AI and human rights
  • Writing is clear, accessible, and at an appropriate level for introductory students
  • Comprehensive and well organized
  • Variety of pedagogical devices effectively keeps students engaged
  • End-of-chapter narrative pieces allow students to apply philosophical concepts

About the Author(s)

Lewis Vaughn is the author or coauthor of several textbooks, including Bioethics, Fourth Edition (2019); The Power of Critical Thinking, Sixth Edition (2018); Philosophy Here and Now, Third Edition (2018); Writing Philosophy, Second Edition (2018); and Living Philosophy, Second Edition (2017).

Table of Contents


    Chapter 1: Philosophy and You
    1.1 Philosophy: The Quest for Understanding
    1.2 Socrates and the Examined Life
    1.3 Thinking Philosophically
    Reivew notes
    Key Terms
    Argument Exercises
    Narrative: Plato, The Trial and Death of Socrates
    Probing Questions
    For Further Reading

    Chapter 2: God and Religion
    2.1 Overview: God and Philosophy
    2.2 Arguments for the Existence of God
    2.3 God and the Problem of Evil
    2.4 Theism and Religious Experience
    2.5 Belief Without Reason
    2.6 Eastern Religions
    Review Notes
    Key Terms
    Fiction: Arthur C. Clarke, "The Star"
    Probing Questions
    For Further Reading

    Chapter 3: Morality and the Moral Life
    3.1 Overview: Ethics and the Moral Domain
    3.2 Moral Relativism
    3.3 Morality Based on Consequences
    3.4 Morality Based on Duty and Rights
    3.5 Morality Based on Prima Facie Principles
    3.6 Morality Based on Character
    3.7 Feminist Ethics and the Ethics of Care
    3.8 Albert Camus: An Existentialist Voice
    3.9 Confucianism
    Review Notes
    Key Terms
    Fiction: Ursula K. Le Guin, "The Ones Who Walk Away From Omelas"
    Probing Questions
    For Further Reading

    Chapter 4: Mind and Body
    4.1 Overview: The Mind-Body Problem
    4.2 Substance Dualism
    4.3 Mind-Body Identity
    4.4 The Mind as Software
    4.5 The Mind as Properties
    Review Notes
    Key Terms
    Fiction: Terry Bisson, "They're Made Out of Meat"
    Probing Questions
    For Further Reading

    Chapter 5: Free Will and Determinism
    5.1 Overview: The Free Will Problem
    5.2 Determinism and Indeterminism
    5.3 Compatibilism
    5.4 Libertarianism
    5.5 Sartre's Profound Freedom
    Review Notes
    Key Terms
    Fiction: Thomas D. Davis, "A Little Omniscience Goes a Long Way"
    Probing Questions
    For Further Readings

    Chapter 6: Knowledge and Skepticism
    6.1 Overview: The Problem of Knowledge
    6.2 The Rationalist Road
    6.3 The Empiricist Turn
    6.4 The Kantian Compromise
    6.5 A Feminist Perspective on Knowledge
    Review Notes
    Key Terms
    Fiction: Lewis Carroll, "Through the Looking-Glass"
    Probing Questions
    For Further Reading

    Chapter 7: Aesthetics
    7.1 Overview: Philosophy of Beauty
    7.2 What is Art?
    7.3 Aesthetic Value
    7.4 Plato, Aristotle, and Hume
    Review Notes
    Key Terms
    Fiction: Edgar Allan Poe, "The Oval Portrait"
    Probing Questions
    For Further Reading

    Chapter 8: The Just Society
    8.1 Overview: Justice and Political Philosophy
    8.2 Plato's Theory: Justice as Merit
    8.3 Social Contract Theories
    8.4 Socialist Theories
    8.5 Feminism and Social Justice
    Review Notes
    Key Terms
    Fiction: William Golding, "Lord of the Flies"
    Probing Questions
    For Further Reading

    Chapter 9: The Meaning of Life
    9.1 Overview: Philosophy and the Meaning of Life
    9.2 Pessimism: Life Has No Meaning
    9.3 Optimism: Life Can Have Meaning
    Review Notes
    Fiction: Voltaire, "The Good Brahmin"
    Probing Questions
    For Further Reading

    Index of Marginal Quotations
    General Index