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Cover

Philosophy Here and Now

Powerful Ideas in Everyday Life

Third Edition

Lewis Vaughn

Publication Date - June 2018

ISBN: 9780190852344

504 pages
Paperback
8 x 10 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $99.95

In lucid, engaging prose, this unique introduction relates the perennial questions of philosophy to students' lives today

Description

Philosophy Here and Now: Powerful Ideas in Everyday Life, Third Edition, is a topically organized hybrid text/reader that helps students understand, appreciate, and even do philosophy. The book emphasizes philosophical writing, reinforced with step-by-step coaching in how to write argumentative essays and supported by multiple opportunities to hone critical thinking. It shows students how philosophy applies to their own lives and brings the subject to life with engaging chapter-ending literary selections, abundant illustrations, and a wealth of pedagogical features.

New to this Edition

  • An expanded chapter on aesthetics (Chapter 7) addresses issues related to the definition of art, objective and subjective standards, feminist art, controversial artworks, online art, and the philosophical examination of art by Plato, Aristotle, Hume, Gardner, Ducasse, and Danto
  • An extended Chapter 9: The Meaning of Life discusses the work of Klemke, Lucretius, Wolf, and Belshaw
  • More history of philosophy in Chapter 1 includes coverage of the Pre-Socratics and four early women philosophers: Hypatia, Themistoclea, Arignote, and Theano
  • Additional text boxes discuss tough, contemporary problems like human rights for robots, torturing terrorists, racism, Buddhism and science, belief in God, and scientists and religion
  • A new appendix, "The Truth about Philosophy Majors," details career paths for philosophy majors and the benefits of obtaining a philosophy degree

Features

  • A comprehensive introductory chapter lays the groundwork for philosophical thinking
  • Six types of text boxes--"Philosophy Now," "Philosophers at Work," "Philosophy Lab," "What Do You Believe," "Writing to Understand: Critiquing Philosophical Views," and "Writing to Understand: Arguing Your Own Views" demonstrate the value and relevance of philosophy
  • Additional pedagogical elements make the material even more engaging and accessible. These include marginal critical-thinking questions, marginal quotes, a timeline, key terms (boldfaced at their first appearance and listed and defined at the end of each chapter), marginal definitions, and a glossary.
  • Charts, tables, and color photos keep students visually engaged
  • Fictional or narrative selections--followed by "Probing Questions"--at the end of each chapter explore and dramatize the philosophical issues discussed
  • A "How to Write a Philosophy Paper" appendix offers concise, step-by-step guidance in crafting an effective philosophical essay

About the Author(s)

Lewis Vaughn is the author or coauthor of several textbooks, including Writing Philosophy, Second Edition (2018), Living Philosophy, Second Edition (2017), The Moral Life, Sixth Edition (2017), and Concise Guide to Critical Thinking (2017), all published by Oxford University Press.

Reviews

"I can't imagine not using Philosophy Here and Now. My experience with the textbook has been completely positive. When students let you know how much they like reading the text, you know you made the right decision in adopting the book."--Teresa Cantrell, University of Louisville

"This is the best text I have found for my introductory class. Questions and exercises engage students' lives directly and ask them to explain their own understanding/beliefs about a matter. The appendix on writing philosophy papers can easily stand on its own as the most valuable tool I use in my class. I have yet to find anything at this price with comparable content."--Stephen Orr, Solano Community College

"This is a truly excellent book that meets students where they are and very gently introduces them to material that can be quite alien and daunting to them."--Doug Weber, Castleton University and College of Saint Joseph

"Philosophy Here and Now frames and explains each topic so that students can easily understand the material. It covers the right amount for one semester, and the supplemental resources are helpful to faculty and students."--Kristin Borgwald, Miami Dade College, Wolfson Campus

"Above all, Vaughn's text does what few others are able to do; it shows that philosophy actually matters."--Daniel Bramer, Holy Family University

"Lewis Vaughn makes some difficult concepts easier when he engages students in the chapter overviews with some very simple ideas."--Karen Moore, Cerro Coso Community College

Table of Contents

    Preface
    CHAPTER 1. PHILOSOPHY AND YOU
    1.1 PHILOSOPHY: THE QUEST FOR UNDERSTANDING
    The Good of Philosophy
    Philosophical Terrain
    1.2 SOCRATES AND THE EXAMINED LIFE
    PLATO: The Republic
    1.3 THINKING PHILOSOPHICALLY
    Reasons and Arguments
    Reading Philosophy
    Fallacious Reasoning
    Narrative: Plato, The Trial and Death of Socrates
    CHAPTER 2. GOD AND RELIGION
    2.1 OVERVIEW: GOD AND PHILOSOPHY
    Why Religion Matters
    Overview: The Philosopher's Quest
    Belief and Disbelief
    2.2 ARGUMENTS FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD
    Cosmological Arguments
    AQUINAS: Summa Theologica
    CRAIG: Reasonable Faith
    Design Arguments
    PALEY: Natural Theology
    HUME: Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion
    Ontological Arguments
    ANSELM: Proslogium
    KANT: Critique of Pure Reason
    2.3 GOD AND THE PROBLEM OF EVIL
    Rowe's Argument from Evil
    ROWE: Philosophy of Religion
    The Free Will Defense
    SWINBURNE: Is There a God?
    The Soul-Making Defense
    HICK: Evil and the God of Love
    2.4 THEISM AND RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE
    ST. TERESA OF AVILA: The Life of Teresa of Jesus
    MACKIE: The Miracle of Theism
    ROWE: Philosophy of Religion
    SWINBURNE: The Existence of God
    2.5 BELIEF WITHOUT REASON
    James: Pragmatic Faith
    JAMES: "The Will to Believe"
    MARTIN: Atheism: A Philosophical Justification
    Pascal: Betting on God
    PASCAL: Pensées and Other Writings
    2.6 EASTERN RELIGIONS
    Buddhism
    SUMEDHO: Buddha-Nature
    RAHULA: What the Buddha Taught
    Hinduism
    Daoism
    CHUANG TZU: All Things Are One
    LAO-TZU: Tao-te ching
    Fiction: Arthur C. Clarke, "The Star"
    CHAPTER 3. MORALITY AND THE MORAL LIFE
    3.1 OVERVIEW: ETHICS AND THE MORAL DOMAIN
    Ethics and Morality
    Moral Theories
    Religion and Morality
    SHAFER-LANDAU: Whatever Happened to Good and Evil?
    3.2 MORAL RELATIVISM
    Subjective Relativism
    Cultural Relativism
    3.3 MORALITY BASED ON CONSEQUENCES
    Utilitarianism
    MILL: "What Utilitarianism Is"
    Ethical Egoism
    3.4 MORALITY BASED ON DUTY AND RIGHTS
    KANT: Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals
    3.5 MORALITY BASED ON CHARACTER
    ARISTOTLE: Nicomachean Ethics
    SHAFER-LANDAU: The Fundamentals of Ethics
    3.6 FEMINIST ETHICS AND THE ETHICS OF CARE
    JAGGAR: "Feminist Ethics"
    CROSTHWAITE: "Gender and Bioethics"
    HELD: The Ethics of Care
    BAIER: "The Need for More Than Justice"
    3.7 ALBERT CAMUS: AN EXISTENTIALIST VOICE
    CAMUS: The Myth of Sisyphus
    3.8 CONFUCIANISM
    CONFUCIUS: Analects
    NOSS: A History of the World's Religions
    Fiction: Ursula K. Le Guin, "The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas"
    CHAPTER 4. MIND AND BODY
    4.1 OVERVIEW: THE MIND-BODY PROBLEM
    4.2 SUBSTANCE DUALISM
    DESCARTES: Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason
    SCHICK: Doing Philosophy
    DESCARTES: Meditations on First Philosophy
    SEARLE: Mind
    4.3 MIND-BODY IDENTITY
    SMART: "Sensations and Brain Processes"
    CHALMERS: The Conscious Mind
    NAGEL: "What Is It Like to Be a Bat?"
    4.4 THE MIND AS SOFTWARE
    FODOR: "The Mind-Body Problem"
    BLOCK: "Troubles with Functionalism"
    SEARLE: Mind
    4.5 THE MIND AS PROPERTIES
    CHALMERS: The Conscious Mind
    Fiction: Terry Bisson, "They're Made out of Meat"
    CHAPTER 5. FREE WILL AND DETERMINISM
    5.1 OVERVIEW: THE FREE WILL PROBLEM
    5.2 DETERMINISM AND INDETERMINISM
    D'HOLBACH: "Of the System of Man's Free Agency"
    JAMES: "The Dilemma of Determinism"
    5.3 COMPATIBILISM
    LOCKE: An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
    STACE: Religion and the Modern Mind
    ROWE: "Two Concepts of Freedom"
    5.4 LIBERTARIANISM
    VAN INWAGEN: An Essay on Free Will
    TAYLOR: Metaphysics
    5.5 SARTRE'S PROFOUND FREEDOM
    SARTRE: "Existentialism Is a Humanism"
    Fiction: Thomas D. Davis, "A Little Omniscience Goes a Long Way"
    CHAPTER 6. KNOWLEDGE AND SKEPTICISM
    6.1 OVERVIEW: THE PROBLEM OF KNOWLEDGE
    6.2 THE RATIONALIST ROAD
    Plato's Rationalism
    PLATO: Meno
    Descartes' Doubt
    DESCARTES: Meditations on First Philosophy
    Descartes' Certainty
    DESCARTES: Meditations on First Philosophy
    6.3 THE EMPIRICIST TURN
    Locke
    LOCKE: An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
    Berkeley
    BERKELEY: Of the Principles of Human Knowledge
    Hume
    HUME: An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
    6.4 THE KANTIAN COMPROMISE
    KANT: Critique of Pure Reason
    6.5 A FEMINIST PERSPECTIVE ON KNOWLEDGE
    AINLEY: "Feminist Philosophy"
    ANTONY: "Embodiment and Epistemology"
    ANDERSON: "Feminist Epistemology and Philosophy of Science"
    COLE: Philosophy and Feminist Criticism
    Fiction: Lewis Carroll, Through the Looking-Glass
    CHAPTER 7. AESTHETICS
    7.1 OVERVIEW: PHILOSOPHY OF BEAUTY
    7.2 WHAT IS ART?
    BELL: Art
    7.3 AESTHETIC VALUE
    7.4 PLATO, ARISTOTLE, AND HUME
    ARISTOTLE: The Poetics
    HUME: Of the Standard of Taste
    Fiction: Edgar Allan Poe, "The Oval Portrait"
    CHAPTER 8. THE JUST SOCIETY
    8.1 OVERVIEW: JUSTICE AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY
    8.2 PLATO'S THEORY: JUSTICE AS MERIT
    PLATO: The Republic
    8.3 SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORIES
    Hobbes
    HOBBES: Leviathan
    Locke
    LOCKE: Second Treatise of Government
    Rawls
    RAWLS: A Theory of Justice
    8.4 SOCIALIST THEORIES
    MARX AND ENGELS: Manifesto of the Communist Party
    8.5 FEMINISM AND SOCIAL JUSTICE
    OKIN: Justice, Gender, and the Family
    MILLER: Political Philosophy
    Fiction: William Golding, Lord of the Flies
    CHAPTER 9. THE MEANING OF LIFE
    9.1 OVERVIEW: PHILOSOPHY AND THE MEANING OF LIFE
    9.2 PESSIMISM: LIFE HAS NO MEANING
    TOLSTOY: My Confession
    SCHOPENHAUER: "On the Sufferings of the World"
    BAGGINI: What's It All About?
    9.3 OPTIMISM: LIFE CAN HAVE MEANING
    Meaning from Above
    TOLSTOY: My Confession
    BAGGINI: What's It All About?
    Meaning from Below
    EDWARDS: The Encyclopedia of Philosophy
    Fiction: Voltaire, "The Good Brahmin"

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