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Patterns of World History, Volume Two: From 1400, with Sources

Fourth Edition

Author Peter von Sivers, Charles A. Desnoyers, and George B. Stow

Publication Date - October 2020

ISBN: 9780197517024

720 pages
7 1/2 x 10 inches

In Stock

Encouraging a broad-based understanding of continuity, change, and innovation in human history, Patterns of World History presents the global past in a comprehensive, evenhanded, and open-ended fashion


Presented in two volumes for maximum flexibility, Patterns of World History with Sources, Fourth Edition, offers a distinct framework for understanding the global past through the study of origins, interactions, and adaptations. The authors examine the full range of human ingenuity over time and space in a comprehensive, evenhanded, and critical fashion. They offer a distinct intellectual framework for the role of innovation and historical change through patterns of origins, interactions, and adaptations. Each chapter ends with four to six primary sources, both textual and visual.

Visit www.oup.com/he/vonsivers4e for a wealth of digital resources for students and instructors, including an enhanced eBook with embedded learning tools and the Oxford Insight Study Guide, which delivers custom-built adaptive practice sessions based on students' performance.

New to this Edition

  • An Enhanced eBook: Every new copy of the fourth edition comes with an access code that provides students with engaging resources, including an eBook enhanced with these embedded learning tools: "Closer Look" videos that analyze selected artworks, accompanied by narration and self-assessments; interactive maps and timelines; flashcards; section quizzes; chapter quizzes; matching activities; primary sources; and note-taking guides.
  • The Oxford Insight Study Guide: This adaptive digital study guide increases student understanding of core course material by engaging them in the process of actively reading, validating their understanding, and delivering tailored practice. In-depth data on student performance powers a rich suite of reporting tools that inform instructors on their students' proficiency across learning objectives. All new copies of the Fourth Edition come with access to the adaptive digital study guide.
  • An interoperable course cartridge that integrates seamlessly into most course-management systems is available to adopters. The cartridge includes a test-item file, PowerPoint slides, videos, and primary sources.
  • Updated scholarship: All chapters have been revised and updated in accordance with recent developments and new scholarship.
  • Integrated World Period and Chapter Overviews: The authors have eliminated separate world period introductions in favor of including their key points on the opening left-hand page of each chapter, with their relationship to specific origins, interactions, and adaptations highlighted, along with the uniqueness and similarities these share with the other chapters in that World Period. This integration gives students a reference guide as they read each chapter.
  • Approximately twenty-five of the primary sources in the "Patterns of Evidence" section have been revised


  • Offers a distinct intellectual framework for the role of innovation and historical change through patterns of origins, interactions, and adaptations.
  • The patterns approach helps students gain a deeper appreciation of the unfolding of global history from its origins in small, isolated areas to the vast networks of global interconnectedness in our present world.
  • The patterns approach also provides a framework for seeing differences or commonalities among cultures that other approaches to world history tend to obscure
  • Includes four to six sources (both textual and visual) at the end of every chapter. This section, called "Patterns of Evidence," enhances student engagement with key chapter patterns through contemporaneous voices and perspectives. Each source is accompanied by a concise introduction to provide chronological and geographical context; "Working with Sources" questions after each selection prompt students to make critical connections between the source and the main chapter narrative.
  • The text includes carefully calibrated learning features, including:
  • a) "Seeing Patterns" and "Thinking Through Patterns" that use a question-discussion format in each chapter to pose several broad questions ("Seeing Patterns") as advance organizers for key themes, which are then matched up with short essays at the end ("Thinking Through Patterns") which examine these same questions in a sophisticated yet student-friendly fashion.
  • b) "Patterns Up Close" essays in each chapter highlight a particular innovation that demonstrates origins, interactions, and adaptations in action. Spanning technological, social, political, intellectual, economic, and environmental developments, the "Patterns Up Close" essays combine text, visuals, and graphics to consider everything from the pepper trade to cartography.
  • c) "Against the Grain": These brief essays consider counterpoints to the main patterns examined in each chapter. Topics range from visionaries who challenged dominant religious patterns, to women who resisted various forms of patriarchy, to agitators who fought for social and economic justice.
  • d) "Marginal Glossary": To avoid the necessity of having to flip pages back and forth, definitions of key terms are set directly in the margin at the point where they are first introduced.

About the Author(s)

Peter von Sivers is Professor Emeritus of History at the University of Utah.

Charles A. Desnoyers is Professor of History at La Salle University.

George B. Stow is Professor of History and Director of the Graduate Program in History at La Salle University.


"Patterns of World History is a solid textbook that utilizes patterns of civilization instead of a massive scatter shot of information, which helps students to learn concepts instead of extraneous detailed information."--Joshua Shriver, Auburn University

"Patterns of World History is truly a global history. Its overall organization combines both thematic and regional elements flexibly, allowng some chapters to cover broad swaths of cultures in comparison while other chapters delve deeply into only one or two. Each chapter includes multiple supports to student learning, including broad comparative questions, maps, timelines, bold vocabulary terms with definitions in the margins, and a mix of textual and visual primary sources."--Lore Lore Kuehnert, Hagerstown Community College

Table of Contents

    Chapter 15. The Rise of Empires in the Americas, 600-1550 CE
    The Legacy of Teotihuacán and the Toltecs in Mesoamerica

    Militarism in the Mexican Basin
    Late Maya States in Yucatán
    The Legacy of Tiwanaku and Wari in the Andes
    The Expanding State of Tiwanaku
    The Expanding City-State of Wari
    American Empires: Aztec and Inca Origins and Dominance
    The Aztec Empire of Mesoamerica
    The Inca Empire of the Andes
    Imperial Society and Culture
    Imperial Capitals: Tenochtitlán and Cuzco
    Power and Its Cultural Expressions
    Putting It All Together
    PATTERNS OF EVIDENCE: Sources for Chapter 15

    15.1- Skeletons in a Wari royal tomb site, El Castillo de Huarmey, Peru
    15.2- Ahuitzotl, Eighth King (Tlatloani) of the Aztec Empire
    15.3- Bernal Díaz, The Conquest of New Spain
    15.4- Pedro Cieza de León on Incan roads

    Chapter 16. Western Christian Overseas Expansion and the Ottoman-Habsburg Struggle, 1450-1650
    The Muslim-Christian Competition in the East and West, 1450-1600
    Iberian Christian Expansion, 1415-1498
    Rise of the Ottomans and Struggle with the Habsburgs for Dominance, 1300-1609
    The Centralizing State: Origins and Interactions
    State Transformation, Money, and Firearms
    Imperial Courts, Urban Festivities, and the Arts
    The Ottoman Empire: Palaces, Festivities, and the Arts
    The Spanish Habsburg Empire: Popular Festivities and the Arts
    Putting It All Together
    PATTERNS OF EVIDENCE: Sources for Chapter 16

    16.1- Columbus reports on his first voyage, 1493
    16.2- Christopher Columbus, The Book of Prophecies
    16.3- Thomas the Eparch and Joshua Diplovatatzes, "The Fall of Constantinople"
    16.4-Evliya Çelebi, "A Procession of Artisans at Istanbul"
    16.5-Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq, "The Court of Suleiman the Magnificent"

    Chapter 17. The Renaissance, New Sciences, and Religious Wars in Europe, 1450-1750
    Cultural Transformations: Renaissance, Baroque, and New Sciences

    The Renaissance and Baroque Arts
    The New Sciences
    The New Sciences and Their Social Impact
    The New Sciences: Philosophical Interpretations
    Centralizing States and Religious Upheavals
    The Rise of Centralized Kingdoms
    The Protestant Reformation, State Churches, and Independent Congregations
    Religious Wars and Political Restoration
    Putting It All Together
    PATTERNS OF EVIDENCE: Sources for Chapter 17

    17.1- Examination of Lady Jane Grey, London
    17.2- Emilie du Châtelet, Discourse on Happiness
    17.3- Sebastian Castellio, Concerning Whether Heretics Should Be Persecuted
    17.4- Duc de Saint-Simon, "The Daily Habits of Louis XIV at Versailles"
    17.5- Giorgio Vasari, The Life of Michelangelo Buonarroti
    17.6- Galileo Galilei, Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina de' Medici

    18. New Patterns in New Worlds, Colonialism and Indigenous Responses in the Americas, 1500-1800
    The Colonial Americas: Europe's
    Warm-Weather Extension
    The Conquest of Mexico and Peru
    The Establishment of Colonial Institutions
    The Making of American Societies: Origins and Transformations
    Exploitation of Mineral and Tropical Resources
    Social Strata, Castes, and Ethnic Groups
    The Adaptation of the Americas to European Culture
    Putting It All Together
    PATTERNS OF EVIDENCE: Sources for Chapter 18
    18.1- Scandal at the Church: José de Álfaro Accuses Doña Theresa Bravo and Others of Insulting and Beating His Castiza Wife, Joséfa Cadena (Mexico, 1782)
    18.2- Marina de San Miguel's Confessions before the Inquisition, Mexico City
    18.3- Nahuatl Land Sale Documents, Mexico

    Chapter 19. African Kingdoms, the Atlantic Slave Trade, and the Origins of Black America, 1450-1800
    African States and the Slave Trade

    The End of Empires in the North and the Rise of States in the Center
    Portugal's Explorations along the African Coast and Contacts with Ethiopia
    Coastal Africa and the Atlantic Slave Trade
    American Plantation Slavery and Atlantic Mercantilism
    The Special Case of Plantation Slavery in the Americas
    Slavery in British North America
    The Fatal Triangle: The Economic Patterns of the Atlantic Slave Trade
    Culture and Identity in the African Diaspora
    A New Society: Creolization of the Early Atlantic World
    Putting It All Together
    PATTERNS OF EVIDENCE: Sources for Chapter 19

    19.1- Abd al-Rahman al-Saadi on the scholars of Timbuktu
    19.2- Letter of Nzinga Mbemba (Afonso I) of Kongo to the King of Portugal
    19.3- Documents concerning the slave ship Sally, Rhode Island
    19.4- The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano
    19.5- Casta paintings, Mexico

    Chapter 20. The Mughal Empire, Muslim Rulers and Hindu Subjects, 1400-1750
    History and Political Life of the Mughals

    From Samarkand to Hindustan
    The Summer and Autumn of Empire
    Administration, Society, and Economy
    Mansabdars and Bureaucracy
    The Mughals and Their Early Modern Economy
    Society, Family, and Gender
    Science, Religion, and the Arts
    Science and Technology
    Religion: In Search of Balance
    Literature and Art
    Putting It All Together
    Chapter 20
    20.1- Babur, The Baburnama
    20.2- Muhammad Dara Shikuh, The Mingling Of Two Oceans
    20.3- Edicts of Aurangzeb
    20.4- Mughal Emerald Box

    Chapter 21. Regulating the "Inner" and "Outer" Domains, China and Japan, 1500-1800
    Late Ming and Qing China to 1750

    From Expansion to Exclusion
    The Spring and Summer of Power: The Qing to 1750
    Village and Family Life
    Science, Culture, and Intellectual Life
    The Long War and Longer Peace: Japan, 1450-1750
    The Struggle for Unification
    The Tokugawa Bakufu to 1750
    Growth and Stagnation: Economy and Society
    Hothousing "Japaneseness": Culture, Science, and Intellectual Life
    Putting It All Together
    PATTERNS OF EVIDENCE: Sources for Chapter 21

    21.1- Matteo Ricci, China in the Sixteenth Century
    21.2- Macartney's Observations on China and possibilities for British commerce (excerpts)
    21.3- Emperor Qianlong's Imperial Edict to King George III
    21.4- Honda Toshiaki, "Secret Plan for Managing the Country"

    Chapter 22. Patterns of Nation-States and Culture in the Atlantic World, 1750-1871
    Origins of the Nation-State, 1750-1815
    The American, French, and Haitian Revolutions
    Enlightenment Culture: Radicalism and Moderation
    The Enlightenment and Its Many Expressions
    The Other Enlightenment: The Ideology of Ethnic Nationalism
    The Growth of the Nation-State, 1815-1871

    Restoration Monarchies, 1815-1848
    Nation-State Building in Anglo-America, 1783-1900
    Romanticism and Realism: Philosophical and Artistic Expression to 1850
    Putting It All Together
    PATTERNS OF EVIDENCE: Sources for Chapter 22

    22.1- Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
    22.2- Olympe de Gouges, The Declaration of the Rights of Woman
    22.3- Voltaire, "Torture," from the Philosophical Dictionary
    22.4- Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France
    22.5- Thomas Paine, Rights of Man
    22.6- Clemens von Metternich

    Chapter 23. Creoles and Caudillos, Latin America in the Nineteenth Century, 1790-1917
    Independence, Constitutionalism, and Landed Elites

    Independence in the Southern Cone: State Formation in Argentina
    Brazil: From Kingdom to Republic
    Independence and State Formation in Western and Northern South America
    Independence and Political Development in the North: Mexico
    Latin American Society and Economy in the Nineteenth Century
    Rebuilding Societies and Economies
    Export-Led Growth
    Culture, Family, and the Status of Women
    Putting It All Together
    PATTERNS OF EVIDENCE: Sources for Chapter 23

    23.1- "The Education of Women" (1842) by Madame Josefina Bachellery
    23.2- Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Travels in the United States in 1847
    23.3- Amulet containing passages from the Qur'an, worn by Muslim slaves who rioted in Bahia, Brazil
    23.4- Photograph of a Chinese coolie, Peru

    Chapter 24. The Challenge of Modernity, East Asia, 1750-1900
    China and Japan in the Age of
    China and Maritime Trade, 1750-1839
    The Opium Wars and the Treaty Port Era
    Toward Revolution: Reform and Reaction to 1900
    In Search of Security through Empire: Japan in the Meiji Era
    Economy and Society in Late Qing China
    The Seeds of Modernity and the New Economic Order
    Culture, Arts, and Science
    Zaibatsu and Political Parties: Economy and Society in Meiji Japan
    Commerce and Cartels
    "Civilization and Enlightenment": Science, Culture, and the Arts
    Putting It All Together
    PATTERNS OF EVIDENCE: Sources for Chapter 24

    24.1- Lin Zexu's letter to Queen Victoria of Great Britain
    24.3-The Meiji Constitution of the Empire of Japan
    24.4-Natsume Soseki, Kokoro

    Chapter 25. Adaptation and Resistance, The Ottoman and Russian Empires, 1683-1908
    Decentralization and Reforms in the Ottoman Empire

    Ottoman Imperialism in the 1600s and 1700s
    The Western Challenge and Ottoman Responses
    Iran's Effort to Cope with the Western Challenge
    Westernization, Reforms, and Industrialization in Russia
    Russia and Westernization
    Russia in the Early Nineteenth Century
    The Great Reforms
    Russian Industrialization
    The Abortive Russian Revolution of 1905
    Putting It All Together
    PATTERNS OF EVIDENCE: Sources for Chapter 25

    25.1- Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, Letters from the Levant
    25.2- Imperial Edict of the Rose Garden
    25.3- Tsar Alexander II's Abolition of Serfdom
    25.4- Female Workers' Strike at the Gal'pern Matchbox Factory in Pinsk (1901-2)

    Chapter 26. Industrialization and Its Discontents, 1750-1914
    Origins and Growth of Industrialism, 1750-1914
    Early Industrialism, 1750-1870
    The Spread of Early Industrialism
    Later Industrialism, 1871-1914
    The Social and Economic Impact of Industrialism, 1750-1914
    Demographic Changes
    Industrial Society
    Critics of Industrialism
    Improved Standards of Living
    Improved Urban Living
    Big Business
    Intellectual and Cultural Responses to Industrialism
    Scientific and Intellectual Developments
    Toward Modernity in Philosophy and Religion
    Toward Modernity in Literature and the Arts
    Putting It All Together
    PATTERNS OF EVIDENCE: Sources for Chapter
    26.1- Charles Dickens, Hard Times
    26.2- The death of William Huskisson, first casualty of a railroad accident
    26.3- Young miners testify to the Ashley Commission
    26.4- Karl Marx, "Wage Labour and Capital"
    26.5- Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species
    26.6- Emmeline Pankhurst, My Own Story

    Chapter 27. The New Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century, 1750-1914
    The British Colonies of India and Australia

    The British East India Company
    Direct British Rule
    British Settler Colonies: Australia
    European Imperialism in the Middle East and Africa
    The Rising Appeal of Imperialism in the West
    The Scramble for Africa
    Western Imperialism and Colonialism in Southeast Asia
    The Dutch in Indonesia
    Spain in the Philippines
    The French in Vietnam
    Putting It All Together
    PATTERNS OF EVIDENCE: Sources for Chapter 27

    27.1- The Indian Revolt
    27.2- Ismail ibn 'Abd al-Qadir, The Life of the Sudanese Mahdi
    27.3- Rudyard Kipling, "The White Man's Burden"
    27.4- Mark Twain, "To the Person Sitting in Darkness"

    28. World Wars and Competing Visions of Modernity, 1900-1945
    The Great War and Its Aftermath

    A Savage War and a Flawed Peace
    America First: The Beginnings of a Consumer Culture and the Great Depression
    Great Britain and France: Slow Recovery and Troubled Empires
    Latin America: Independent Democracies and Authoritarian Regimes
    New Variations on Modernity: The Soviet Union and Communism
    The Communist Party and Regime in the Soviet Union
    The Collectivization of Agriculture and Industrialization
    New Variations on Modernity: Supremacist Nationalism in Italy, Germany, and Japan
    From Fascism in Italy to Nazism in the Third Reich
    Japan's "Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere" and China's Struggle for Unity
    Putting It All Together
    PATTERNS OF EVIDENCE: Sources for Chapter 28
    28.1- ANZAC troops at Gallipoli
    28.2- Vera Brittain, Testament of Youth
    28.3- Benito Mussolini and Giovanni Gentile, "Foundations and Doctrine of Fascism"
    28.4- Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf
    28.5-Franklin D. Roosevelt, undelivered address planned for Jefferson Day
    28.6-Hiroshima Diary

    Chapter 29. Reconstruction, Cold War, and Decolonization, 1945-1962
    Superpower Confrontation: Capitalist Democracy and Communism

    The Cold War Era, 1945-1962
    Society and Culture in Postwar North America, Europe, and Japan
    Populism and Industrialization in Latin America
    Slow Social Change
    Populist-Guided Democracy
    The End of Colonialism and the Rise of New Nations
    "China Has Stood Up"
    Decolonization, Israel, and Arab Nationalism in the Middle East
    Decolonization and Cold War in Asia
    Decolonization and Cold War in Africa
    Putting It All Together
    PATTERNS OF EVIDENCE: Sources for Chapter 29

    29.1- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
    29.2- Winston Churchill, "The Iron Curtain Speech"
    29.3- Letters on the Cuban Missile Crisis between Fidel Castro and Nikita Khrushchev
    29.4- Ho Chi Minh, "The Path Which Led Me to Leninism"
    29.5- Indira Gandhi, "What Educated Women Can Do"
    29.6- Kwame Nkrumah

    Chapter 30. The End of the Cold War, Western Social Transformation, and the Developing World (1963-1991)
    The Climax of the Cold War

    The Soviet Superpower in Slow Decline
    Transforming the West
    Civil Rights Movements
    From "Underdeveloped" to "Developing" World, 1963-1991
    China: Cultural Revolution to Four Modernizations
    Vietnam and Cambodia: War and Communist Rule
    The Middle East
    Africa: From Independence to Development
    Latin America: Proxy Wars
    Putting It All Together
    PATTERNS OF EVIDENCE: Sources for Chapter 30

    30.1- Mikhail Gorbachev, Perestroika: New Thinking for Our Country and the World
    30.2- Martin Luther King, Jr., "I Have a Dream"
    30.3- Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex
    30.4- Coverage of the Tiananmen Square Protests
    30.5- Salvador Allende, "Last Words to the Nation"
    30.6-Nelson Mandela's inauguration speech

    31. A Fragile Capitalist-Democratic World Order, 1991-2020
    Capitalist Democracy: The Dominant Pattern of Modernity
    A Decade of Global Expansion: The United States and the World in the 1990s
    Two Communist Holdouts: China and Vietnam
    Pluralist Democracy under Strain
    The Environmental Limits of Modernity
    Putting It All Together
    PATTERNS OF EVIDENCE: Sources for Chapter 31
    31.1- Osama bin Laden, "Declaration of War against the Americans Occupying the Land of the Two Holy Places"
    31.2- Vladimir Putin, Address to the Duma concerning the annexation of Crimea
    31.3- Remarks by President Obama in Address to European Youth, March 26, 2014
    31.4- United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Paris

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