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Cover

Patterns of East Asian History

Charles A. Desnoyers

Publication Date - March 2019

ISBN: 9780199946464

544 pages
Paperback
6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $54.99

Examines large patterns in the development of East Asian history from earliest times to the present

Description

Covering all of East Asian history from the Neolithic to the present--including Mongolia and Vietnam, alongside China, Japan, and Korea--Patterns of East Asian History uses recognizable and widely-accepted patterns of historical development as a framework around which to structure the material. This approach serves as both an organizational aid to instructors and as a tool to make complex material more comprehensible to students. The result is enhanced pedagogical flexibility. This subtly recursive format allows abundant opportunities for contrast and comparison among and within the societies under consideration. The overall aim is to simplify the immense complexities of history for beginning students without making them simplistic. Featuring nearly sixty maps and 200 photos, Patterns of East Asian History provides a rich visual history that complements its engaging narrative.

About the Author(s)

Charles A. Desnoyers is Professor of History and Director of Asian Studies at La Salle University. He is the author of several books, including Patterns of Modern Chinese History (OUP, 2016) and Patterns of World History, Third Edition (OUP, 2017), coauthored with Peter von Sivers and George B. Stow.

Reviews

"Patterns of East Asian History offers significant features that other texts do not. Desnoyers does an excellent job of identifying and explaining patterns in East Asian civilizations; he includes the latest scholarship and places East Asia in the context of world history."--Peter Worthing, Texas Christian University

"This book is well organized, includes the most important events and personalities, and sustains students with animated writing and engrossing details. Patterns of East Asian History is accurate, concise, and engaging."--Margaret B. Denning, Slippery Rock University

"Patterns of East Asian History is an engaging and accessible survey of East Asian history that attends to both local/national histories and transnational/global patterns."--Charles V. Reed, Elizabeth City State University

"This text is well organized and the chapter-opening vignettes capture students' interest. The scholarship is solid and the coverage is excellent."--Clayton D. Brown, Utah State University

Table of Contents

    List of Maps
    Preface
    Acknowledgements
    Notes on Dates and Spelling
    About the Author

    PART I: CREATING EAST ASIA

    Chapter 1: The Region and People
    Varied Geographies
    The Chinese Landscape
    The Great Regulator: The Monsoon
    Mountains and Deserts
    Eurasia's Eastern Branch: Korea
    The Island Perimeter: Japan
    The Southern Branch: Vietnam
    East Asian Ethnicities and Languages
    China and Taiwan
    Tibet
    Mongolia
    Korea
    Japan
    Conclusion

    Chapter 2: The Middle Kingdom: China to 1280
    Opening Vignette
    China and the Neolithic Revolution
    Neolithic Origins
    Foundations of the Dynastic System
    The Three Dynasties: The Xia
    The Three Dynasties: The Shang
    The Three Dynasties: The Zhou
    Economy and Society
    New Classes: Merchants and Shi
    Family and Gender in Ancient China
    Religion Culture and Intellectual Life
    Chinese Writing
    Ritual and Religion
    The Hundred Schools: Confucianism and Daoism
    Self-Cultivation and Ritual: Confucius
    Mencius and the Politics of Human Nature
    Paradox and Transcendence: Laozi and Daoism
    The Structures of Empire
    The First Empire, 221-206 B.C.E.
    Qin Shi Huangdi
    The Imperial Model: The Han Dynasty, 202 B.C.E. to 220 C.E.
    Expanding the Empire
    Downturn of the Dynastic Cycle
    The Centuries of Fragmentation, 220-589 C.E.
    Reconstituting the Empire: The Sui, Tang, and Song Dynasties, 589-1280
    China's Cosmopolitan Age: The Tang Dynasty, 618-907
    Buddhism in China
    Patterns Up Close: Creating an East Asian Buddhist Culture
    The Period of Expansion: Emperor Taizong
    "Emperor" Wu
    Cosmopolitan Autumn
    An Early Modern Period? The Song
    The Southern Song Remnant
    The Mongol Conquest
    Economics, Society, and Gender in Early Imperial China
    Industry and Commerce
    Agricultural Productivity
    Gender and Family
    Thought, Science, and Technology
    The Legacy of the Han Historians
    Neo-Confucianism
    Poetry, Painting, and Calligraphy
    Technological Leadership
    Conclusion

    Chapter 3: Interaction and Adaptation on the Sinitic Rim: Korea, Japan, and Vietnam to the Mongol Era
    Opening Vignette
    From Three Kingdoms to One: Korea to 1231
    The "Three Kingdoms"
    Korea to the Mongol Invasion
    Economy and Society
    Religion, Culture and Intellectual Life
    Isolation, Interaction, and Adaptation: Japan to 1281
    Jomon and Yayoi
    Early State Building
    Imperial Rule
    Economy and Society
    Family Structure
    Religion, Culture, and Intellectual Life
    Buddhism in Japan
    Patterns Up Close: From Periphery to Center: Nichiren, Buddhism, and Japan
    Forging a New Japanese Culture
    Borders of Influence and Agency: Vietnam
    Neolithic Cultures
    Village Society and Buddhism
    The "Far South"
    Independence and State Building
    Economics and Society
    Officials, Peasants, and Merchants
    Women and Family
    Religion, Culture, and Intellectual Life
    Chu Nom
    Conclusion

    Chapter 4: The Mongol Super-Empire
    Opening Vignette
    Genghis Khan and the Mongol Conquest
    Strategies of the Steppes
    Clashing Codes of Combat
    Assimilating Military Technologies
    The Mongol Conquest: The Initial Phase
    The Drive to the West
    Patterns Up Close: Pax Mongolica
    Subduing China
    From Victory to Disunity
    Overthrow and Retreat
    The Mongol Commercial Revolution
    Rebuilding Agriculture and Infrastructure
    Role Reversal: Artisans and Merchants
    Family, Gender, Religion, and Culture
    Egalitarian Patriarchy?
    Religion: Toleration and Support
    Conclusion

    PART II: RECASTING EAST ASIA TO THE PRESENT

    Chapter 5: From
    Superpower to Semi-Colony: China from the Ming to 1895
    Opening Vignette
    Remaking the Empire: The Ming
    Centralizing Government and Projecting Power
    Toward a Regulated Society: Foreign Relations
    The End of the Ming
    The Era of Dominance: The Qing to 1795
    The Banner System
    Universal Empire
    Pacification and Expansion
    Encounters With Europeans
    Regulating Maritime Trade
    The Struggle for Agency in "The Century of Humiliation"
    The Horizon of Decline: The White Lotus Rebellion
    Interactions with Maritime Powers
    The Coming of the Unequal Treaties
    The Taiping and Nian Eras
    The Origins of Taiping Ideology
    Defeating the Taipings
    The Nian Rebellion, 1853-1868
    Reform Through Self-Strengthening
    Patterns Up Close: The Cooperative Era and Modernization
    Nineteenth-Century Qing Expansion
    The Limits of Self-Strengthening, 1860-1895
    The Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95
    Society and Economics in Ming and Qing Times
    Organizing the Countryside
    Population and Sustainability
    The "High-Level Equilibrium Trap" Debate
    Technology and Intellectual Life
    Philosophy and Literature
    Poetry, Travel Accounts, and Newspapers
    Conclusion

    Chapter 6: Becoming "The Hermit Kingdom": Korea from the Mongol Invasions to 1895
    Opening Vignette
    Toward Semi-Seclusion
    The Mongol Era and the Founding of the Yi Dynasty
    The Japanese Invasion
    Recovery and the Drive for Stability
    The Shadow of the Qing
    Strangers at the Gates
    The Hermit Kingdom
    Korea and the Sino-Japanese War
    Economy, Society, and Family
    Land Reform
    Social Organization
    The New Economy
    Family and Gender Roles
    Culture and Intellectual Life
    Patterns Up Close: The Development of Han Gul
    Neo-Confucianism and Pragmatic Studies
    Conclusion

    Chapter 7: From "Lesser Dragon" to "Indochina": Vietnam to 1885
    Opening Vignette
    The Lesser Dragon
    Southward Expansion
    Perils of Growth
    Rebellion and Consolidation
    Patterns Up Close: The French as Allies of the Imperial Court
    Creating Indochina
    First Footholds
    Colonization by Protectorate
    The Sino-French War
    Conflict and Compromise: Economy and Society
    The New Commercial Development
    Neo-Confucianism in Imperial Vietnam
    Toward "Modernity?" Culture, Science, and Intellectual Life
    Asserting Incipient Nationalism
    Struggles of Modernization
    Conclusion

    Chapter 8: Becoming Imperial: Japan to 1895
    Opening Vignette
    The Era of the Shoguns, 1192 to 1867
    Kamakura and Ashikaga Shogunates, and Mongol Attacks
    Dissolution and Reunification
    The Tokugawa Bakufu
    "Tent Government"
    Freezing Society
    Securing the Place of the Samurai
    Tokugawa Seclusion
    Reunifying Rule
    The Coming of the "Black Ships"
    Restoring the Emperor
    From Feudalism to Nationalism
    The Meiji Constitution and Political Life
    Becoming An Imperial Power
    Economy, Family, and Society
    Agriculture, Population, and Commerce
    Late Tokugawa and Early Meiji Economics and Society
    Patterns Up Close: Japan's Transformation Through East Asian Eyes
    Railroads and Telegraphs
    Family Structure
    "Civilization and Enlightenment"
    Religion, Culture, and Intellectual Life
    Zen, Tea, and Aesthetics
    The Arts and Literature
    Bunraku, Noh, Kabuki, and Ukiyo-e
    Intellectual Developments
    Science, Culture, and the Arts in the Meiji Period
    Conclusion

    Chapter 9: From Reform to Revolution: China from 1895 to the Present, Part I
    Opening Vignette
    The Republican Revolution
    The Last Stand of the Old Order: The Boxer Rebellion and War
    The Twilight of Reform
    Sun Yat-sen and the Ideology of Revolution
    The New Warring States Era (1916-1926)
    Creating Nationalism
    The First United Front
    Civil War, World War, and People's Republic
    The Nationalist Interval
    The Long March and Xi'an Incident
    East Asia At War
    From Coalition Government to the Gate of Heavenly Peace
    A New Society and Culture
    The New Culture Movement
    City and Country
    Conclusion

    Chapter 10: From Continuous Revolution to Authoritarian Modernity: China from 1895 to the Present, Part II
    The Maoist Years, 1949 to 1976
    Early Mass Mobilization Campaigns
    Land Reform
    The Great Leap Forward
    The Hundred Flowers and Anti-Rightist Campaigns
    Taking a Breath in the Revolution
    Becoming Proletarian: The Cultural Revolution
    The End of the Maoist Era
    A U-Turn on the Socialist Road
    China's Four Modernizations
    Modernizing National Defense
    "The Fifth Modernization"
    Tiananmen Square and the New Authoritarianism
    Ending the Colonial Era
    Tiananmen Square
    "Confucian Capitalism"
    Growth and Its Discontents
    Tibet and Minorities
    Toward Harmony and Stability?
    The Olympic Moment
    Xi Jinping and "The Four Comprehensives"
    Patterns Up Close: Confucius Institutes and China's Soft Power
    Society, Science, and Culture
    Recasting Urban Life
    Modernization and Society
    The New Technology
    Art and Literature
    The Media
    Conclusion

    Chapter 11: A House Divided: Korea to the Present
    Opening Vignette
    The Ebb and Flow of Colonialism
    Military Rule
    Relative Restraint: The Cultural Policy
    Militarism, Colonialism, and War
    Patterns Up Close: Nationalism, Empire, and Athletics
    Cold War, Hot War, and Cold War
    A Korean Civil War?
    From Seesaw to Stalemate
    Political and Economic Developments South and North
    Republics and Coups
    Land Reform and the Export Economy
    From Authoritarian Rule to Democracy
    The Democratic Era, 1993 to the Present
    The New Hermit Kingdom of the North
    War by Other Means
    Juche and the Cult of Personality
    The Kim Dynasty
    Conclusion

    Chapter 12: Colonized, Divided, and Reunited: Vietnam to the Present
    Opening Vignette
    The First Colonial Era: 1885 to 1945
    "The Civilizing Mission" and Rebellion
    Reform and Republicanism
    Ho Chi Minh and Revolution
    Patterns Up Close: Parsing the Language of Independence
    The War for Independence
    The American War
    Tearing Two Nations Apart
    "Peace With Honor" and National Unification
    From Reunification to Regional Power
    Building the New Socialist State
    Politics and Genocide: Fighting the Khmer Rouge
    Recovery and Prosperity
    Conclusion

    Chapter 13: Becoming the Model of Modernity: Japan to the Present
    Opening Vignette
    "A Wonderfully Clever and Progressive People"
    The Russo-Japanese War
    The Limits of Power Politics
    The Great War and the Five Requests
    Intervention and Versailles
    Taisho Democracy
    Militarism and Co-Prosperity: The War Years
    Creating Manchukuo
    State Shinto and Militarism
    The "China Incident"
    World War II in the Pacific
    Allied Counterattack
    Co-Prosperity and Conditional Independence
    Endgame
    The Model of Modernity: From Occupation to the Present
    The New Order: Reform and Constitution
    The Reverse Course: Japan and the Cold War
    Moving Toward the 21st Century
    Patterns Up Close: Japan's History Problem
    Economy, Society and Culture
    From Made in Japan to Total Quality Management
    The Dominance of the Middle Class
    Women and Family: A Half-Step Behind?
    Godzilla and Sailor Moon: Postwar Culture
    Conclusion

    Epilogue: Breakneck Change and the Challenge of Tradition
    One Region, Three Systems?
    Colonialism and Imperialism
    Twentieth Century Conflict and Political Configuration
    1. China and Vietnam: Authoritarian Capitalism
    · China
    · Vietnam
    2. Japan, Taiwan, South Korea: Representative Government and Capitalism
    · Japan
    · South Korea
    · Taiwan
    3. North Korea: Stalinist Self-Sufficiency
    The "Chinese Dream" as the East Asian Dream?

    Glossary
    Credits
    Index