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Cover

Of the People

Volume II: Since 1865 with Sources

Fifth Edition

Michael McGerr, Author Camilla Townsend, Karen M. Dunak, Mark Summers, and Jan Ellen Lewis

Publication Date - September 2021

ISBN: 9780197586167

848 pages
Looseleaf

Retail Price to Students: $50.99

Description

Of the People: A History of the United States does more than tell the history of America--of its people and places, of its dealings and ideals. It unfolds the story of American democracy, carefully marking how this country's evolution has been anything but certain, from its complex beginnings to its modern challenges.

The authors see American history as a story "of the people," of their struggles to shape their lives and their land. Their narrative focuses on the social and political lives of people--some famous, some ordinary--revealing the compelling story of America's democracy from an individual perspective, from across the landscapes of diverse communities, and ultimately from within the larger context of the world.

The theme of democracy concentrates attention on the most fundamental concerns of history: people and power. These concerns have been especially relevant as the authors completed revising the book for this new edition. The tumultuous presidential campaign of 2020, one of the most divisive in American history, took place in the midst of a deadly pandemic and culminated in the extraordinary storming of the federal Capitol building in Washington, D.C. in January 2021. Recent history is always a challenge and always subject to revision, but the authors have wanted to show how contemporary struggles over democracy are rooted in the past. Their balanced, inclusive approach makes it more possible for teachers and students to deal with the most controversial events.

New to this Edition

  • Throughout the text the authors have continued to intensify the focus on the environment, diversity, and immigration and to offer coverage of events such as the devastation of Tenochtitlan in the face of smallpox in the sixteenth century, the influenza pandemic of 1918, and the Tulsa Race massacre of 1921 that speak to the contemporary challenges of the United States.
  • Acknowledging the upheavals of recent history, the authors have reorganized and rewritten chapters 29 and 30 to give full coverage to the twenty-first century.
  • New American Portrait, American Landscape, America in the World, and Struggles for Democracy Features: These popular features have been updated with three new American Portraits, seven new American Landscapes, five new America and in the World features, and three new Struggles for Democracy.
  • All versions of the text now include end-of-chapter primary source documents, both textual and visual, designed to reinforce students' understanding of the material by drawing connections among topics. Nearly all chapters in the fifth edition include at least one new source document.
  • The "Who, What, Where" glossary terms have been significantly revised so that the most essential and fundamental ideas, people, and places are consistently highlighted, and the terms are now boldfaced in the text.
  • Many chapters now include new "Common Thread" focus questions, and new maps have been added to Chapters 25 and 27.
  • Now available in OXFORD INSIGHT. Developed with a foundation in learning science, Oxford Insight enables instructors to deliver a personalized and engaging learning experience that empowers students by actively engaging them in course content. Oxford Insight delivers high quality content within powerful, data-driven courseware designed to optimize student success. Oxford Insight is available separately. To learn more, and to book a demo of Oxford Insight, go to https://oxfordinsight.oup.com/

Features

  • Provides students with a history of the United States that focuses on the evolution of American democracy, people, and power.
  • Exceptionally strong portrayal of political and social history, written in a clear, compelling narrative voice.
  • Each chapter opens with an American Portrait feature, a story of someone whose life in one way or another embodies the basic theme of the pages to follow.
  • Select chapters include an American Landscape feature, a particular place in time where issues of power appeared in especially sharp relief. The new American Landscape features in the fifth edition more explicitly look at American places from an environmental perspective.
  • To underscore the fundamental importance of global relationships, select chapters include a feature on America in the World. Formerly called "America and the World," the subtle change to the name of this feature reflects the greater attention it now gives to topics related to immigration.
  • Each chapter includes a Struggles for Democracy feature, focusing on moments of debate and public conversation surrounding events that have contributed to the changing ideas of democracy, as well as the sometimes constricting but overall gradually widening opportunities that evolved for the American people as a result.
  • Common Threads, located at the beginning of each chapter, offer focus questions that ask the student to consider the main problems examined in the discussions that follow.
  • Timelines provide dates for all the key events discussed in the chapters.
  • A list of chapter-ending key terms, Who, What, Where, helps students recall the important people, events, and places of that chapter.
  • All chapters end with both Review Questions, which test students' memory and understanding of chapter content, and Critical-Thinking Questions, which ask students to analyze and interpret chapter content.

About the Author(s)

Michael McGerr is Paul V. McNutt Professor of History at Indiana University-Bloomington.

Camilla Townsend is Distinguished Professor of History at Rutgers University.

Karen M. Dunak is Associate Professor of History at Muskingum University.

Mark Summers is Thomas D. Clark Professor of History at the University of Kentucky.

Jan Ellen Lewis was Professor of History and Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at Rutgers University-Newark.

Reviews

"Of the People includes strong scholarship, written in a style that is unhurried and balanced. The features in each chapter that delve more deeply into particular aspects of that era allow the students to dig-in a little more, and there are good visuals to support the text in terms of maps, figures, and tables. Of the People is a really solid text and covers a lot of information without being too unwieldy."--Jennifer Lawrence, Tarrant County College

"The writing style is smooth, consistent, and flows well. The 'Struggles for Democracy' features are really well executed--they often open up some wonderful insights that are extensively developed in a way that is often not possible in textbooks."--Michael Holm, Boston University

"The text effectively weaves diverse voices to convey the complicated and contentious sweep of U.S. history, and its strengths include a thorough treatment of national politics, an innovative use of place and memory, and a highly readable, engaging style."--Ian Hartman, University of Alaska, Anchorage

"Of the People is affordable and easy to use for many types of learners. The writing is clear and accessible."--Ana Fodor, Danville Community College

Table of Contents

    Maps
    Features
    Preface

    New to the Fifth Edition
    Hallmark Features
    Learning Resources for Of the People
    Acknowledgments
    About the Authors

    CHAPTER 15 Reconstructing a Nation, 1865-1877
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: John Dennett Visits a Freedmen's Bureau Court
    Wartime Reconstruction
    Lincoln's Ten Percent Plan Versus the Wade-Davis Bill
    The Meaning of Freedom
    Experiments with Free Labor
    Presidential Reconstruction, 1865-1867
    The Political Economy of Contract Labor
    Resistance to Presidential Reconstruction
    Congress Clashes with the President
    Origins of the Fourteenth Amendment
    Congressional Reconstruction
    The South Remade
    The Impeachment and Trial of Andrew Johnson
    Radical Reconstruction in the South
    Achievements and Failures of Radical Government
    The Political Economy of Sharecropping
    The Gospel of Prosperity
    A Counterrevolution of Terrorism and Economic Pressure
    AMERICA IN THE WORLD: Reconstructing America's Foreign Policy
    A Reconstructed West
    The Overland Trail
    The Origins of Indian Reservations
    Reforming Native American Tribes out of Existence
    The Retreat from Republican Radicalism
    Republicans Become the Party of Moderation
    Reconstructing the North
    The Fifteenth Amendment and Nationwide African American Suffrage
    Women and Suffrage
    The End of Reconstruction
    Corruption Is the Fashion
    Liberal Republicans Revolt
    "Redeeming" the South
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: An Incident at Coushatta, August 1874
    The Twice-Stolen Election of 1876
    Sharecropping Becomes Wage Labor
    Conclusion

    Chapter 15 Primary Sources
    15.1 Petroleum V. Nasby [David Ross Locke], A Platform for Northern Democrats (1865)
    15.2 A Black tenant farmer describes working conditions
    15.3 Sharecropping Contract Between Alonzo T. Mial and Fenner Powell (1886)
    15.4 Joseph Farley, An Account of Reconstruction
    15.5 A Southern Unionist Judge's Daughter Writes the President for Help (1874)
    15.6 Red Cloud Pleads the Plains Indians' Point of View at Cooper Union (1870)

    CHAPTER 16 The Triumph of Industrial Capitalism, 1850-1890
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Rosa Cassettari
    The Political Economy of Global Capitalism
    The "Great Depression" of the Late Nineteenth Century
    AMERICA IN THE WORLD: The Global Migration of Labor
    The Economic Transformation of the West
    Cattlemen: From Drovers to Ranchers
    Commercial Farmers Remake the Plains
    Changes in the Land
    AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: Pioneers' Paradise Lost
    America Moves to the City
    The Rise of Big Business
    The Rise of Andrew Carnegie
    Carnegie Dominates the Steel Industry
    Big Business Consolidates
    A New Social Order
    Lifestyles of the Very Rich
    The Consolidation of the New Middle Class
    The Industrial Working Class Comes of Age
    Social Darwinism and the Growth of Scientific Racism
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: "The Chinese Must Go"
    The Knights of Labor and the Haymarket Disaster
    Conclusion

    Chapter 16 Primary Sources
    16.1 Stephen Crane Visits the "Breaker" at a Coal Mine
    16.2 Visual Document: Alfred R. Waud, "Bessemer Steel Manufacture" (1876)
    16.3 George Steevens, Excerpt from The Land of the Dollar (1897)
    16.4 James Baird Weaver, A Call to Action (1892)
    16.5 Visual Documents: "Gift for the Grangers" (1873) and the Jorns Family of Dry Valley, Custer County, Nebraska (1886)
    16.6 William A. Peffer Pleads the Farmer's Cause, 1891

    CHAPTER 17 The Culture and Politics of Industrial America, 1870-1892
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Luna Kellie and the Farmers' Alliance
    The Elusive Boundaries of Male and Female
    The Victorian Construction of Male and Female
    The Moralists' Crusade for Morality
    Urban Culture
    A New Cultural Order: New Americans Stir Old Fears
    Josiah Strong Attacks Immigration
    From Immigrants to Ethnic Americans
    The Catholic Church and Its Limits in Immigrant Culture
    Immigrant Cultures
    The Enemy at the Gates
    Two Political Styles
    The Triumph of Party Politics
    Masculine Partisanship and Feminine Voluntarism
    The Women's Christian Temperance Union
    The Critics of Popular Politics
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: The "Crusade" Against Alcohol
    Economic Issues Dominate National Politics
    Greenbacks and Greenbackers
    Weak Presidents Oversee a Stronger Federal Government
    AMERICA IN THE WORLD: Foreign Policy: The Limited Significance of Commercial Expansion
    Government Activism and Its Limits
    States Discover Activism
    Cities: Boss Rule and New Responsibilities
    Challenging the New Industrial Order
    Henry George and the Limits of Producers' Ideology
    Edward Bellamy and the Nationalist Clubs
    Agrarian Revolt
    The Rise of the Populists
    Conclusion

    Chapter 17 Primary Sources
    17.1 Emma Lazarus, "The New Colossus" (1883)
    17.2 Josiah Strong, Excerpts from "The Superiority of the Anglo-Saxon Race" (1885)
    17.3 Henry George, Excerpts from "That We Might All Be Rich" (1883)
    17.4 Jacob Riis, Excerpt from How the Other Half Lives (1890) and Visual Document: Jacob Riis, Visual Document "Nomads of the Street" (ca. 1890)
    17.5 New York World, "How Tim Got the Votes" (1892)
    17.6 Tammany Times, "And Reform Moves On" (1895)

    CHAPTER 18 Industry and Empire, 1890-1900
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: J. P. Morgan
    The Crisis of the 1890s
    Hard Times and Demands for Help
    The Overseas Frontier
    The Drive for Efficiency
    The Struggle Between Management and Labor
    Corporate Consolidation
    A Modern Economy
    Currency: Gold Versus Silver
    The Cross of Gold
    The Battle of the Standards
    The Retreat from Politics
    The Lure of the Cities
    AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: Galveston, Texas, 1900
    Inventing Jim Crow
    The Atlanta Compromise
    Disfranchisement and the Decline of Popular Politics
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: The Wilmington Race Riot
    Organized Labor Retreats from Politics
    American Diplomacy Enters the Modern World
    Sea Power and the Imperial Urge
    The Scramble for Empire
    War with Spain
    The Anti-Imperialists
    The Philippine-American War
    The Open Door
    Conclusion

    Chapter 18 Primary Sources
    18.1 Frederick Winslow Taylor, Excerpts from The Principles of Scientific Management (1911)
    18.2 Booker T. Washington, "The Atlanta Compromise" (1895)
    18.3 Theodore Roosevelt, Excerpts from "The Strenuous Life" (1899)
    18.4 Platform for the Anti Imperialist League (1899)

    CHAPTER 19 A United Body of Action, 1900-1916
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Helen Keller
    Toward a New Politics
    The Insecurity of Modern Life
    The Decline of Partisan Politics
    Social Housekeeping
    Evolution or Revolution?
    The Progressives
    Social Workers and Muckrakers
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: Public Response to The Jungle
    Dictatorship of the Experts
    Progressives on the Color Line
    Progressives in State and Local Politics
    Redesigning the City
    Reform Mayors and City Services
    Progressives and the States
    A Push for "Genuine Democracy" and a "Moral Awakening"
    The Executive Branch Against the Trusts
    The Square Deal
    Conserving Water, Land, and Forests
    Theodore Roosevelt and Big Stick Diplomacy
    Taft and Dollar Diplomacy
    AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: The Hetch Hetchy Valley
    Rival Visions of the Industrial Future
    The New Nationalism
    The 1912 Election
    The New Freedom
    Conclusion

    Chapter 19 Primary Sources
    19.1 Daniel Burnham and Edward H. Bennet, Plan of Chicago (1909)
    19.2 Upton Sinclair, Excerpts from The Jungle (1906)
    19.3 Visual Documents: Lewis Wickes Hine, National Child Labor Committee Photographs (Early 1900S)
    19.4 Helen Keller, Excerpts from "Blind Leaders" (1913)

    CHAPTER 20 A Global Power, 1914-1919
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Walter Lippmann
    The Challenge of Revolution
    The Mexican Revolution
    Bringing Order to the Caribbean
    A One-Sided Neutrality
    The Lusitania's Last Voyage
    The Drift to War
    The Election of 1916
    The Last Attempts at Peace
    War Aims
    The Fight in Congress
    Mobilizing the Nation and the Economy
    Enforcing Patriotism
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: Eugene Debs Speaks Out Against the War
    Regimenting the Economy
    The Great Migration
    Reforms Become "War Measures"
    Over There
    Citizens into Soldiers
    The Fourteen Points
    The Final Offensive
    Revolutionary Anxieties
    Wilson in Paris
    The Senate Rejects the League
    Red Scare
    AMERICA IN THE WORLD: The 1918 Influenza Epidemic
    Conclusion

    Chapter 20 Primary Sources
    20.1 Eugene V. Debs, Excerpts from Canton, Ohio, Speech (1918)
    20.2 George Creel, Excerpts from How We Advertised America (1920)
    20.3 Woodrow Wilson, "Fourteen Points" Speech (1918)
    20.4 Marysville Evening Tribune, Influenza and the American military (1918)

    CHAPTER 21 The Modern Nation, 1919-1928
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: "America's Sweetheart"
    A Dynamic Economy
    The Development of Industry
    The Trend Toward Large-Scale Organization
    The Transformation of Work and the Workforce
    The Defeat of Organized Labor
    The Decline of Agriculture
    The Urban Nation
    A Modern Culture
    The Spread of Consumerism
    New Pleasures for a Mass Audience
    A Sexual Revolution
    Changing Gender Ideals
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: Flappers and Feminists
    AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: The Tulsa Race Massacre
    The Family and Youth
    The Celebration of the Individual
    The Limits of the Modern Culture
    The Limits of Prosperity
    The "Lost Generation" of Intellectuals
    Fundamentalist Christians and "Old-Time Religion"
    Nativists and Immigration Restriction
    The Rebirth of the Ku Klux Klan
    Mexican Americans
    African Americans and the "New Negro"
    A "New Era" in Politics and Government
    The Modern Political System
    The Republican Ascendancy
    The Politics of Individualism
    Republican Foreign Policy
    Extending the "New Era"
    AMERICA IN THE WORLD: J. Walter Thompson and International Markets
    Conclusion

    Chapter 21 Primary Sources
    21.1 Hiram Wesley Evans, Excerpts from "The Klan: Defender of Americanism" (1925)
    21.2 Marie Prevost on "The Flapper" (1923)
    21.3 Visual Document: Colgate & Co. Advertisement (1925)
    21.4 Robert Lynd and Helen Lynd, Excerpt from "Remaking Leisure in Middletown" (1929)

    CHAPTER 22 A Great Depression and a New Deal, 1929-1940
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Dorothea Lange
    The Great Depression
    Causes
    Descending into Depression
    Hoover Responds
    The First New Deal
    The Election of 1932
    FDR Takes Command
    Federal Relief
    The Farm Crisis
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: The Civilian Conservation Corps and a New Brand of Environmentalism
    The Blue Eagle
    The Second New Deal
    Critics Attack from All Sides
    The Second Hundred Days
    Social Security for Some
    Labor and the New Deal
    The New Deal Coalition
    Crisis of the New Deal
    Conservatives Counterattack
    AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: THE 1937 OHIO RIVER FLOOD
    The Liberal Crisis of Confidence
    Conclusion

    Chapter 22 Primary Sources
    22.1 Franklin D. Roosevelt, First Inaugural Address (1933)
    22.2 Visual Documents: Dorothea Lange, Farm Security Administration Photographs (1930S)
    22.3 "Ballad for Americans," Federal Theater Project, Sing for Your Supper (1939)
    22.4 Remembering the Great Depression, Excerpts from Studs Terkel's Hard Times (1970)

    CHAPTER 23 The Second World War, 1941-1945
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: A. Philip Randolph
    Island in a Totalitarian Sea
    A World of Hostile Blocs
    The Good Neighbor
    America First?
    Means Short of War
    Turning the Tide
    Midway and Coral Sea
    AMERICA IN THE WORLD: Martial Law in Hawaii
    Gone with the Draft
    The Winning Weapons
    The Second Front
    Organizing for Production
    A Mixed Economy
    Industry Moves South and West
    New Jobs in New Places
    Women in Industry
    Between Idealism and Fear
    Japanese Internment
    No Shelter from the Holocaust
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: The Zoot Suit Riots
    Closing with the Enemy
    Taking the War to Europe
    Island Hopping in the Pacific
    Building a New World
    The Fruits of Victory
    Conclusion

    Chapter 23 Primary Sources
    23.1 Franklin D. Roosevelt, "Four Freedoms" Speech (1941)
    23.2 Charles Lindbergh, America First Committee Address (1941)
    23.3 Letter from James G. Thompson to the Editor of the Pittsburgh Courier (1942)
    23.4 From Italy to Chicago, Pfc. Ray Latal Comes Home (1945)

    CHAPTER 24 The Cold War, 1945-1954
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: John Turchinetz
    Origins of the Cold War
    Ideological Competition
    Uneasy Allies
    From Allies to Enemies
    National Security
    The Truman Doctrine
    Containment
    Taking Risks
    Global Revolutions
    AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: The Nevada Test Site
    Korea
    NSC-68
    The Reconversion of American Society
    The Postwar Economy
    The Challenge of Organized Labor
    Opportunities for Women
    Civil Rights for African Americans
    The Frustrations of Liberalism
    The Democrats' Troubles
    Truman's Comeback
    Fighting the Cold War at Home
    Doubts and Fears in the Atomic Age
    The Anti-Communist Crusade
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: The Hollywood Ten
    The Hunt for Spies
    The Rise of McCarthyism
    Conclusion

    Chapter 24 Primary Sources
    24.1 President Harry S Truman (1947)
    24.2 High School and College Graduates in the Cold War (1948-1950)
    24.3 Statements by the United Auto Workers and General Motors (1945)
    24.4 Harry S. Truman, Excerpts from Special Message to the Congress Recommending a Comprehensive Health Program (1945)
    24.5 Joseph McCarthy, Excerpts from Wheeling, West Virginia Speech (1950)

    CHAPTER 25 The Consumer Society, 1945-1961
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: The Ricardos
    Living the Good Life
    Economic Prosperity
    AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: West Texas
    The Suburban Dream
    The Pursuit of Pleasure
    A Homogeneous Society?
    The Discovery of Conformity
    The Decline of Class and Ethnicity
    The Resurgence of Religion and Family
    Maintaining Gender Roles
    Persisting Racial Differences
    The Survival of Diversity
    The Eisenhower Era at Home and Abroad
    "Ike" and 1950s America
    Modern Republicanism
    An Aggressive Cold War Strategy
    Avoiding War with the Communist Powers
    Crises in the Third World
    AMERICA IN THE WORLD: American Tourists in Cold War Europe
    Challenges to the Consumer Society
    Rebellious Youth
    The Beat Movement
    The Rebirth of Environmentalism
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: "SOS"-SMOG!
    The Struggle for Civil Rights
    The Crisis of "Misplaced Power"
    Conclusion

    Chapter 25 Primary Sources
    25.1 Gael Greene, "The Battle of Levittown" (1957)
    25.2 H. H. Remmers and D. H. Radler, Excerpts from "Teenage Attitudes" (1958)
    25.3 Malvina Lindsay, "Science Alone No Answer to Sputnik" (1957)
    25.4 United States Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization, Excerpts from "Survive Nuclear Attack" (1960)

    CHAPTER 26 "The Table of Democracy," 1960-1968
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: The A&T Four
    New Approaches to Power
    Grassroots Activism for Civil Rights
    The New Liberalism
    The New Conservatism
    The New Left
    The Presidential Election of 1960
    The New Frontier
    Style and Substance
    Civil Rights
    AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: "Spaceport USA"
    Flexible Response and the Third World
    Two Confrontations with the Soviets
    Kennedy and Vietnam
    The Great Society
    Lyndon Johnson's Mandate
    "Success Without Squalor"
    Preserving Personal Freedom
    The Death of Jim Crow
    The American War in Vietnam
    Johnson's Decision for War
    Fighting a Limited War
    The War at Home
    The Great Society Comes Apart
    The Emergence of Black Power
    The Youth Rebellion
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: Protest in the Schools
    The Rebirth of the Women's Movement
    Conservative Backlash
    1968: A Tumultuous Year
    Conclusion

    Chapter 26 Primary Sources
    26.1 Martin Luther King Jr.,"Statement to the Press at the Beginning of the Youth Leadership Conference" (1960) and Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, Statement Of Purpose (1960)
    26.2 John F. Kennedy, Excerpts from Inaugural Address (1961)
    26.3 Lyndon B. Johnson, Excerpts from Address at Johns Hopkins University, "Peace Without Conquest" (1965)
    26.4 Diane Carlson Evans, Oral History Interview on Her Service as an Army Nurse in Vietnam (2012)
    26.5 John Wilcock, "The Human Be-In" and "San Francisco" (1967)

    CHAPTER 27 Living with Less, 1968-1980
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: "Fighting Shirley Chisholm"
    A New Crisis: Economic Decline
    Weakness at Home
    The Energy Crisis
    Competition Abroad
    The Multinationals
    The Impact of Decline
    AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: The South Bronx
    Confronting Decline: Nixon's Strategy
    A New Foreign Policy
    Ending the Vietnam War
    Chile and the Middle East
    Taming Big Government
    An Uncertain Economic Policy
    Refusing to Settle for Less: Struggles for Rights
    African Americans' Struggle for Racial Justice
    Women's Liberation
    Mexican Americans and "Brown Power"
    Asian American Activism
    The Struggle for Native American Rights
    Gay Power
    Backlash: From Radical Action to Conservative Reaction
    "The Movement" and the "Me Decade"
    The Plight of the White Ethnics
    The Republican Counterattack
    Political Crisis: Three Troubled Presidencies
    Watergate: The Fall of Richard Nixon
    Gerald Ford and a Skeptical Nation
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: The Pollster
    "Why Not the Best?": Jimmy Carter
    Conclusion

    Chapter 27 Primary Sources
    27.1 Testimony of Gerald Dickey, Mergers and Industrial Concentration; Hearings Before The Subcommittee on Antitrust And Monopoly of the Committee on the Judiciary (1978)
    27.2 Nixon Decides on the Christmas Bombing (1972)
    27.3 New York Radical Women, Principles (1968) and Pat Maxwell, "Homosexuals in the Movement" (1970)
    27.4 Statements by Roman Pucinski, Ethnic Heritage Studies Centers; Hearings Before the General Subcommittee on Education of the Committee on Education and Labor (1970)
    27.5 Clyde Warrior, "Statement," 1967

    CHAPTER 28 The Triumph of Conservatism, 1980-1991
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Linda Chavez
    Creating a Conservative Majority
    The New Economy
    The Rehabilitation of Business
    The Rise of the Religious Right
    The 1980 Presidential Election
    The Reagan Revolution at Home
    The Reagan Style
    Shrinking Government
    Reaganomics
    The 1984 Presidential Election
    The Reagan Revolution Abroad
    Restoring American Power
    Confronting the "Evil Empire"
    The Reagan Doctrine in the Third World
    The Middle East and Terrorism
    AMERICA IN THE WORLD: The Ethiopian Famine
    The United States and the World Economy
    The Battle over Conservative Social Values
    Attacking the Legacy of the 1960s
    Women's Rights and Abortion
    Gays and the AIDS Crisis
    African Americans and Racial Inequality
    "The Decade of the Hispanic"
    From Scandal to Triumph
    Business and Religious Scandals
    Political Scandals
    Setbacks for the Conservative Agenda
    AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: Times Beach, Missouri
    A Vulnerable Economy
    Reagan's Comeback
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: Reagan at the Berlin Wall
    Conclusion

    Chapter 28 Primary Sources
    28.1 Jerry Falwell, Excerpts from Listen, America! (1980)
    28.2 Ronald Reagan, Excerpts from "Address To The Nation On The Economy" (1981)
    28.3 The Debate Over the Defense Build-Up (1983)
    28.4 Equal Pay for Women (1982)
    28.5 Excerpts from The Republican and Democratic Party Platforms on the State of the American Family (1984)

    CHAPTER 29 The Globalized, Information Society 1989-2008
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: David Rockefeller
    The Age of Globalization
    The Cold War and Globalization
    New Communications Technologies
    Multinationals and NGOs
    Expanding Trade
    Moving People
    Contesting Globalization
    AMERICA IN THE WORLD: Titanic and the Globalization of Hollywood
    A New Economy
    From Industry to Information
    A Second Economic Revolution?
    Downsizing America
    Boom and Insecurity
    Democracy Deadlocked
    George H. W. Bush and the End of the Reagan Revolution
    The Rebellion Against Politics as Usual
    Clinton's Compromise with Conservatism
    Domestic Dissent and Terrorism
    Scandal
    Culture Wars
    African Americans in the Post-Civil Rights Era
    Family Values
    Multiculturalism
    Women in the Postfeminist Era
    Contesting Gay and Lesbian Rights
    Redefining Foreign Policy in the Global Age
    The New World Order
    The Persian Gulf War
    Retreating from the New World Order
    A New Threat
    Twin Crises
    "Bush 43"
    9/11
    The Global War on Terror
    The Iraq War
    Iraq and Afghanistan in Turmoil
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: "Gitmo"
    Financial Crisis
    Conclusion

    Chapter 29 Primary Sources
    29.1 Kenichi Ohmae, "Declaration of Interdependence Toward The World-2005" (1990) and Helena Norberg-Hodge, "Break Up The Monoculture" (1996)
    29.2 Solomon D. Trujillo, "Opportunity in the New Information Economy" (1998)
    29.3 The Defense of Marriage Act (1996)
    29.4 George H. W. Bush, Excerpts from "Address Before a Joint Session of the Congress on the Cessation of Hostilities in the Persian Gulf Conflict" (1991)
    29.5 George W. Bush, Excerpts from "Address Before a Joint Session of the Congress on the United States Response to the Terrorist Attacks of September 11" (2001)

    CHAPTER 30 "The American Dream," 2008-2021
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Maria "Bambi" Roaquin
    Obama and the Promise of Change
    The Presidential Election of 2008
    Confronting Economic Crisis
    Ending the Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq
    The Politics of Frustration
    A Second Term
    Climate Change
    Unending War?
    Diversity and Division
    A Diverse Society of Color
    Tolerance and Intolerance
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: #BlackLivesMatter, "Black Twitter," and Smartphones
    LGBTQ Rights
    Shifting Religious Beliefs and Practices
    Economic Change and a Divided Nation
    Jobs and Growth
    AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: The Winter Strawberry Capital of the World
    The Rich, the Poor, and the Middle Class
    Women and Men
    Baby Boomers and Millennials
    Urban and Rural
    Democracy Under Stress
    Money and Politics
    Polarized Politics
    The Presidential Election of 2016
    Economic Dynamism and Presidential Politics
    "Make America Great Again"
    "America First"
    The Crisis of 2020
    Impeachment
    Pandemic
    "I Can't Breathe"
    The Presidential Election of 2020
    Conclusion

    Chapter 30 Primary Sources
    30.1 Barack Obama, Keynote Address, Democratic Party Convention (2004)
    30.2 Debate in the House of Representatives on a Resolution "That Symbols and Traditions of Christmas Should Be Protected" (2005)
    30.3 Harry M. Reid, "The Koch Brothers" (2015)
    30.4 Donald Trump, Extract of Remarks at a "Make America Great Again" Rally in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania (2017)
    30.5 Children and Immigration Policy (2018)

    Appendices
    Appendix A Historical Documents
    The Declaration of Independence
    The Constitution of the United States of America

    Articles
    Lincoln's Gettysburg Address
    Appendix B Historical Facts and Data
    US Presidents and Vice Presidents
    Admission of States into the Union

    Glossary
    Photo Credits
    Index

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