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Cover

Of the People

A History of the United States, Volume II: Since 1865

Fourth Edition

Michael McGerr, Jan Ellen Lewis, James Oakes, Nick Cullather, Mark Summers, Camilla Townsend, Karen M. Dunak, and Jeanne Boydston

Publication Date - September 2018

ISBN: 9780190910211

648 pages
Paperback
6-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

Retail Price to Students: $69.99

People, Places, and Power: The Story of American Democracy

Description

Of the People: A History of the United States, Fourth Edition, does more than tell the history of America--of its people and places, of its dealings and ideals. It also unfolds the story of American democracy, carefully marking how this country's evolution has been anything but certain, from its complex beginnings to its modern challenges. This comprehensive survey focuses on the social and political lives of people--some famous, some ordinary--revealing the compelling story of America's democracy from an individual perspective, from across the landscapes of diverse communities, and ultimately from within the larger context of the world.

New to this Edition

  • New features throughout: fourteen new American Portrait, five new American Landscape, ten new America and the World, three new Struggles for Democracy features
  • More than thirty new primary sources
  • To improve narrative flow and to better align with syllabi, the number of Gilded Age chapters has been reduced from three to two
  • New and revised coverage throughout
  • A revised and significantly expanded Chapter 30: "A Nation Transformed, The Twenty-First Century" (formerly the Epilogue), that covers events since 2000
  • Numerous new photos

About the Author(s)

Michael McGerr is Paul V. McNutt Professor of History at Indiana University-Bloomington.

Jan Ellen Lewis is Professor of History and Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Rutgers University-Newark.

James Oakes is Distinguished Professor of History and Graduate School Humanities Professor at the City University of New York Graduate Center.

Nick Cullather is Professor of History and International Studies at Indiana University-Bloomington.

Jeanne Boydston was Robinson-Edwards Professor of American History at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Mark Summers is Thomas D. Clark Professor of History at the University of Kentucky.

Camilla Townsend is Professor of History at Rutgers University.

Karen M. Dunak is Associate Professor of History at Muskingum University.

Table of Contents

    Maps
    Features
    Preface
    New to the Fourth Edition
    Hallmark Features
    Supplements
    Acknowledgments
    About the Authors

    Chapter 15: Reconstructing a Nation, 1865-1877
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: John Dennett Visits a Freedmen's Bureau Court
    Wartime Reconstruction
    Lincoln's Ten Percent Plan Versus the Wade-Davis Bill
    The Meaning of Freedom
    Experiments with Free Labor
    Presidential Reconstruction, 1865-1867
    The Political Economy of Contract Labor
    Resistance to Presidential Reconstruction
    Congress Clashes with the President
    Origins of the Fourteenth Amendment
    Congressional Reconstruction
    The South Remade
    The Impeachment and Trial of Andrew Johnson
    Radical Reconstruction in the South
    Achievements and Failures of Radical Government
    The Political Economy of Sharecropping
    The Gospel of Prosperity
    A Counterrevolution of Terrorism and Economic Pressure
    AMERICA AND THE WORLD: Reconstructing America's Foreign Policy
    A Reconstructed West
    The Overland Trail
    The Origins of Indian Reservations
    The Destruction of Indian Subsistence
    The Retreat from Republican Radicalism
    Republicans Become the Party of Moderation
    Reconstructing the North
    The Fifteenth Amendment and Nationwide African American Suffrage
    Women and Suffrage
    The End of Reconstruction
    Corruption Is the Fashion
    Liberal Republicans Revolt
    "Redeeming" the South
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: An Incident at Coushatta, August 1874
    The Twice-Stolen Election of 1876
    Sharecropping Becomes Wage Labor
    Conclusion

    Chapter 16: The Triumph of Industrial Capitalism, 1850-1890
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Rosa Cassettari
    The Political Economy of Global Capitalism
    The "Great Depression" of the Late Nineteenth Century
    AMERICA AND THE WORLD: The Global Migration of Labor
    The Economic Transformation of the West
    AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: Mining Camps in the West
    Cattlemen: From Drovers to Ranchers
    Commercial Farmers Remake the Plains
    Changes in the Land
    America Moves to the City
    The Rise of Big Business
    The Rise of Andrew Carnegie
    Carnegie Dominates the Steel Industry
    Big Business Consolidates
    A New Social Order
    Lifestyles of the Very Rich
    The Consolidation of the New Middle Class
    The Industrial Working Class Comes of Age
    Social Darwinism and the Growth of Scientific Racism
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: "The Chinese Must Go"
    The Knights of Labor and the Haymarket Disaster
    Conclusion

    Chapter 17: The Culture and Politics of Industrial America, 1870-1892
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Luna Kellie and the Farmers' Alliance
    The Elusive Boundaries of Male and Female
    The Victorian Construction of Male and Female
    The Victorian Crusade for Morality
    Urban Culture
    A New Cultural Order: New Americans Stir Old Fears
    Josiah Strong Attacks Immigration
    From Immigrants to Ethnic Americans
    The Catholic Church and Its Limits in Immigrant Culture
    Immigrant Cultures
    The Enemy at the Gates
    Two Political Styles
    The Triumph of Party Politics
    Masculine Partisanship and Feminine Voluntarism
    The Women's Christian Temperance Union
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: The "Crusade" Against Alcohol
    The Critics of Popular Politics
    Economic Issues Dominate National Politics
    Greenbacks and Greenbackers
    Weak Presidents Oversee a Stronger Federal Government
    AMERICA AND THE WORLD: Foreign Policy: The Limited Significance of Commercial Expansion
    Government Activism and Its Limits
    States Discover Activism
    Cities: Boss Rule and New Responsibilities
    CHALLENGING THE NEW INDUSTRIAL ORDER
    Henry George and the Limits of Producers' Ideology
    Edward Bellamy and the Nationalist Clubs
    Agrarian Revolt
    The Rise of the Populists
    Conclusion

    Chapter 18: Industry and Empire, 1890-1900
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: J. P. Morgan
    The Crisis of the 1890s
    Hard Times and Demands for Help
    The Overseas Frontier
    The Drive for Efficiency
    The Struggle Between Management and Labor
    Corporate Consolidation
    A Modern Economy
    Currency: Gold versus Silver
    The Cross of Gold
    The Battle of the Standards
    The Retreat from Politics
    The Lure of the Cities
    AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: Galveston, Texas, 1900
    Inventing Jim Crow
    The Atlanta Compromise
    Disfranchisement and the Decline of Popular Politics
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: The Wilmington Race Riot
    Organized Labor Retreats from Politics
    American Diplomacy Enters the Modern World
    Sea Power and the Imperial Urge
    The Scramble for Empire
    War with Spain
    The Anti-Imperialists
    The Philippine-American War
    The Open Door
    Conclusion

    Chapter 19: A United Body of Action, 1900-1916
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Helen Keller
    Toward a New Politics
    The Insecurity of Modern Life
    The Decline of Partisan Politics
    Social Housekeeping
    Evolution or Revolution?
    The Progressives
    Social Workers and Muckrakers
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: Public Response to The Jungle
    Dictatorship of the Experts
    Progressives on the Color Line
    Progressives in State and Local Politics
    Redesigning the City
    Reform Mayors and City Services
    Progressives and the States
    A Push for "Genuine Democracy" and a "Moral Awakening"
    The Executive Branch Against the Trusts
    The Square Deal
    Conserving Water, Land, and Forests
    AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: The Hetch Hetchy Valley
    TR and Big Stick Diplomacy
    Taft and Dollar Diplomacy
    Rival Visions of the Industrial Future
    The New Nationalism
    The 1912 Election
    The New Freedom
    Conclusion

    Chapter 20: A Global Power, 1914-1919
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Walter Lippmann
    The Challenge of Revolution
    The Mexican Revolution
    Bringing Order to the Caribbean
    A One-Sided Neutrality
    The Lusitania's Last Voyage
    The Drift to War
    The Election of 1916
    The Last Attempts at Peace
    War Aims
    The Fight in Congress
    Mobilizing the Nation and the Economy
    Enforcing Patriotism
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: Eugene Debs Speaks Out Against the War
    Regimenting the Economy
    The Great Migration
    Reforms Become "War Measures"
    Over There
    Citizens into Soldiers
    The Fourteen Points
    The Final Offensive
    Revolutionary Anxieties
    Wilson in Paris
    AMERICA AND THE WORLD: The American Red Cross and Wartime Civilian Aid
    The Senate Rejects the League
    Red Scare
    Conclusion

    Chapter 21: The Modern Nation, 1919-1928
    AMERICA PORTRAIT: "America's Sweetheart"
    A Dynamic Economy
    The Development of Industry
    The Trend Toward Large-Scale Organization
    The Transformation of Work and the Workforce
    The Defeat of Organized Labor
    The Decline of Agriculture
    The Urban Nation
    A Modern Culture
    The Spread of Consumerism
    New Pleasures for a Mass Audience
    A Sexual Revolution
    Changing Gender Ideals
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: Flappers and Feminists
    The Family and Youth
    AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: "Flaming Youth" on Campus
    The Celebration of the Individual
    The Limits of the Modern Culture
    The Limits of Prosperity
    The "Lost Generation" of Intellectuals
    Fundamentalist Christians and "Old-Time Religion"
    Nativists and Immigration Restriction
    The Rebirth of the Ku Klux Klan
    Mexican Americans
    African Americans and the "New Negro"
    A "New Era" in Politics and Government
    The Modern Political System
    The Republican Ascendancy
    The Politics of Individualism
    Republican Foreign Policy
    AMERICA AND THE WORLD: J. Walter Thompson and International Markets
    Extending the "New Era"
    Conclusion

    Chapter 22: A Great Depression and a New Deal, 1929-1940
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Dorothea Lange
    The Great Depression
    Causes
    Descending into Depression
    Hoover Responds
    The First New Deal
    The Election of 1932
    FDR Takes Command
    Federal Relief
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: The Civilian Conservation Corps and a New Brand of Environmentalism
    The Farm Crisis
    The Blue Eagle
    The Second New Deal
    Critics Attack from All Sides
    The Second Hundred Days
    Social Security for Some
    Labor and the New Deal
    The New Deal Coalition
    Crisis of the New Deal
    Conservatives Counterattack
    The Liberal Crisis of Confidence
    AMERICA AND THE WORLD: The 1936 Olympics
    Conclusion

    Chapter 23: The Second World War, 1941-1945
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: A. Philip Randolph
    Island in a Totalitarian Sea
    A World of Hostile Blocs
    The Good Neighbor America First?
    Means Short of War
    Turning the Tide
    Midway and Coral Sea
    AMERICA AND THE WORLD: Carrier
    Gone with the Draft
    The Winning Weapons
    The Second Front
    Organizing for Production
    A Mixed Economy
    Industry Moves South and West
    New Jobs in New Places
    Women in Industry
    Between Idealism and Fear
    Japanese Internment
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: The Zoot Suit Riots
    No Shelter from the Holocaust
    Closing with the Enemy
    Taking the War to Europe
    Island Hopping in the Pacific
    Building a New World
    The Fruits of Victory
    Conclusion

    Chapter 24: The Cold War, 1945-1954
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: John Turchinetz
    Origins of the Cold War
    Ideological Competition
    Uneasy Allies
    From Allies to Enemies
    National Security
    The Truman Doctrine
    Containment
    AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: The Nevada Test Site
    Taking Risks
    Global Revolutions
    Korea
    NSC-68
    The Reconversion of American Society
    The Postwar Economy
    The Challenge of Organized Labor
    Opportunities for Women
    Civil Rights for African Americans
    The Frustrations of Liberalism
    The Democrats' Troubles
    Truman's Comeback
    Fighting the Cold War at Home
    Doubts and Fears in the Atomic Age
    The Anti-Communist Crusade
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: The Hollywood Ten
    The Hunt for Spies
    The Rise of McCarthyism
    Conclusion

    Chapter 25: The Consumer Society, 1945-1961
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: The Ricardos
    Living the Good Life
    Economic Prosperity
    The Suburban Dream
    AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: Eisenhower's Interstate Highway System
    The Pursuit of Pleasure
    A Homogeneous Society?
    The Discovery of Conformity
    The Decline of Class and Ethnicity
    The Resurgence of Religion and Family
    Maintaining Gender Roles
    Persisting Racial Differences
    The Survival of Diversity
    The Eisenhower Era at Home and Abroad
    "Ike" and 1950s America
    Modern Republicanism
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: "The Fantastic, Real-Life, Dream-Come-True Adventure of the Barstow Family of Wethersfield, Connecticut"
    An Aggressive Cold War Strategy
    Avoiding War with the Communist Powers
    Crises in the Third World
    AMERICA AND THE WORLD: American Tourists in Cold War Europe
    Challenges to the Consumer Society
    Rebellious Youth
    The Beat Movement
    The Rebirth of Environmentalism
    The Struggle for Civil Rights
    The Crisis of "Misplaced Power"
    Conclusion

    Chapter 26: "The Table of Democracy," 1960-1968
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: The A&T Four
    New Approaches to Power
    Grassroots Activism for Civil Rights
    The New Liberalism
    The New Conservatism
    The New Left
    The Presidential Election of 1960
    The New Frontier
    Style and Substance
    AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: "Spaceport USA"
    Civil Rights
    Flexible Response and the Third World
    Two Confrontations with the Soviets
    Kennedy and Vietnam
    The Great Society
    Lyndon Johnson's Mandate
    "Success Without Squalor"
    Preserving Personal Freedom
    The Death of Jim Crow
    The American War in Vietnam
    Johnson's Decision for War
    Fighting a Limited War
    The War at Home
    The Great Society Comes Apart
    The Emergence of Black Power
    The Youth Rebellion
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: Protest in the Schools
    The Rebirth of the Women's Movement
    Conservative Backlash
    1968: A Tumultuous Year
    Conclusion

    Chapter 27: Living with Less, 1968-1980
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: "Fighting Shirley Chisholm"
    A New Crisis: Economic Decline
    Weakness at Home
    The Energy Crisis
    Competition Abroad
    The Multinationals
    The Impact of Decline
    AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: The South Bronx
    Confronting Decline: Nixon's Strategy
    A New Foreign Policy
    Ending the Vietnam War
    Chile and the Middle East
    Taming Big Government
    An Uncertain Economic Policy
    Refusing to Settle for Less: Struggles for Rights
    African Americans' Struggle for Racial Justice
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: "ROAR"!
    Women's Liberation
    Mexican Americans and "Brown Power"
    Asian American Activism
    The Struggle for Native American Rights
    Gay Power
    Backlash: From Radical Action to Conservative Reaction
    "The Movement" and the "Me Decade"
    The Plight of the White Ethnics
    The Republican Counterattack
    Political Crisis: Three Troubled Presidencies
    Watergate: The Fall of Richard Nixon
    Gerald Ford and a Skeptical Nation
    "Why Not the Best?": Jimmy Carter
    Conclusion

    Chapter 28: The Triumph of Conservatism, 1980-1991
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Linda Chavez
    Creating a Conservative Majority
    The New Economy
    AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: Silicon Valley
    The Rehabilitation of Business
    The Rise of the Religious Right
    The 1980 Presidential Election
    The Reagan Revolution at Home
    The Reagan Style
    Shrinking Government
    Reaganomics
    The 1984 Presidential Election
    The Reagan Revolution Abroad
    Restoring American Power
    Confronting the "Evil Empire"
    The Reagan Doctrine in the Third World
    AMERICA AND THE WORLD: The Ethiopian Famine
    The Middle East and Terrorism
    The United States and the World Economy
    The Battle over Conservative Social Values
    Attacking the Legacy of the 1960s
    Women's Rights and Abortion
    Gays and the AIDS Crisis
    African Americans and Racial Inequality
    "The Decade of the Hispanic"
    From Scandal to Triumph
    Business and Religious Scandals
    Political Scandals
    Setbacks for the Conservative Agenda
    A Vulnerable Economy
    Reagan's Comeback
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: Reagan at the Berlin Wall
    Conclusion

    Chapter 29: The Globalized Nation, 1989-2001
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: James Sharlow
    The Age of Globalization
    The Cold War and Globalization
    New Communications Technologies
    Multinationals and NGOs
    Expanding Trade
    Moving People
    AMERICA AND THE WORLD: Titanic and the Globalization of Hollywood
    Contesting Globalization
    A New Economy
    From Industry to Information
    A Second Economic Revolution?
    Downsizing America
    Boom and Insecurity
    Democratic Deadlock
    George H. W. Bush and the End of the Reagan Revolution
    The Rebellion Against Politics as Usual
    Clinton's Compromise with Conservatism
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: "Temporarily Closed," 1995-1996
    Domestic Dissent and Terrorism
    Scandal
    The Presidential Election of 2000
    Culture Wars
    African Americans in the Post-Civil Rights Era
    "Family Values"
    Multiculturalism
    Women in the Postfeminist Era
    Contesting Gay and Lesbian Rights
    Redefining Foreign Policy in the Global Age
    The New World Order
    The Persian Gulf War
    Retreating from the New World Order
    A New Threat
    Conclusion

    Chapter 30: "A Nation Transformed," The Twenty-First Century
    AMERICAN PORTRAIT: Lt. Craig Mullaney
    Twin Crises
    Bush 43
    9/11
    The Global War on Terror
    The Iraq War
    Iraq and Afghanistan in Turmoil
    AMERICAN LANDSCAPE: "Gitmo"
    Financial Crisis
    Obama and the Promise of Change
    The Presidential Election of 2008
    Confronting Economic Crisis
    Ending the Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq
    The Politics of Frustration
    A Second Term
    Climate Change
    Unending War?
    Diversity and Division
    A Diverse Society of Color
    Tolerance and Intolerance
    LGBTQ Rights
    Shifting Religious Beliefs and Practices
    Economic Change and a Divided Nation
    Jobs and Growth
    The Rich, the Poor, and the Middle Class
    Women and Men
    Baby Boomers and Millennials
    Urban and Rural
    Democracy Under Stress
    Money and Politics
    Polarized Politics
    Four Political Approaches
    The Presidential Election of 2016
    STRUGGLES FOR DEMOCRACY: The Russian Attack on Democracy
    "Make America Great Again"
    Conclusion

    APPENDICES
    Appendix A: Historical Documents
    The Declaration of Independence
    The Constitution of the United States of America
    Lincoln's Gettysburg Address
    Appendix B: Historical Facts and Data
    US Presidents and Vice Presidents
    Admission of States into the Union

    Glossary
    Photo Credits
    Index

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