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No Separate Refuge

Culture, Class, and Gender on an Anglo-Hispanic Frontier in the American Southwest, 1880-1940

Sarah Deutsch

Publication Date - October 1989

ISBN: 9780195060737

368 pages
5-5/16 x 8-1/4 inches


Long after the Mexican-American War brought the Southwest under the United States flag, Anglos and Hispanics within the region continued to struggle for dominion. From the arrival of railroads through the height of the New Deal, Sarah Deutsch explores the cultural and economic strategies of Anglos and Hispanics as they competed for territory, resources, and power, and examines the impact this struggle had on Hispanic work, community, and gender patterns. Based on an award winning dissertation, this book analyzes the intersection of culture, class, and gender at disparate sites on the Anglo-Hispanic frontier--Hispanic villages, coal mining towns, and sugar beet districts in Colorado and New Mexico--showing that throughout the region there existed a vast network of migrants, linked by common experience and by kinship. Devoting particular attention to the role of women in cross-cultural interaction, No Separate Refuge brings to light 80 years of Southwestern history that saw Hispanic work transformed, community patterns shifted, and gender roles critically altered. Drawing on personal interviews, school census and missionary records, private letters, and a wealth of other records, Deutsch traces developments from one state to the next, and from one decade to the next, providing an important contribution to the history of the Southwest, race relations, labor, agriculture, women, and Chicanos.


"A careful and scholarly work which manages at the same time to display a humane and respectful attitude towards the community it is examining."--Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

"Well-documented yet animated discussion of forces that affected Chicano community--labor, family, women--Offers lively analysis and discussion, and sees culture as transformational, not static."--Daniel Morena, California State University, Long Beach

"Excellent source, not only on... gender-class-ethnicity in the modern U.S. West, but also because part of the research was conducted here in Weld County, Colorado."--Michael Welsh, University of Northern Colorado

"An important and much needed contribution to the growing historical literature on Chicano workers."--International Labor and Working Class History

"Excellent source on several topics: women, the Southwest, Hispanic history."-- Michael Welsh, Univ. of Northern Colorado

"Unique....highly original interpretations...yield first rate revisionist scholarship. As a social history monograph, the book is thoroughly documented and skillfully organized, and the interpretive insights should encourage social theorists of migration, gender, and community to recast many assumptions."--International Migration Review

"The research is thorough; the scholarship is impressive."--The Historian

"A marvelous social history....No Separate Refuge sparkles with historical and geographical insight and creativity....a marvel."--Journal of Historical Geography

"Impressive....An important book that merits the attention of scholars in southwestern, frontier, and community history as well as those in women's studies and in the various social sciences."--Southwestern Historical Quarterly

"In an extremely well organized and lucid study, Deutsch traces Southwestern Hispanics, as their migrations expand community and produce several different cultural frontiers....Gracefully written....her synthesis maps out a cultural motif that brings new meaning to the contours of western history."--Reviews in American History

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