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Edited by John Hutchinson and Anthony Smith

Publication Date - February 1995

ISBN: 9780192892607

392 pages

In Stock


Achieving prevalence as an ideology in the political and social ferment of late 18th-century Europe and America, nationalism first found expression during the course of such historical upheavals as the American and French Revolutions. Its founders and early sponsors--Rousseau, Herder, Fichte, Korais, and Mazzini--looked to nationalism as the manifestation of modern humanity's most essential aspirations: autonomy, unity, identity. Born of notions regarding popular freedom and sovereignty that had been gathering momentum for generations, it conjured up images of a modernizing West at once hungry for change and yearning for a return to age-old concepts of fraternity and ancient heritage. Since that time nationalism, having taken on countless different dimensions, remains a vital and dynamic force for change--whether for good or otherwise.
Despite only recently becoming the subject of scholarly debate, nationalism has been the focus of a truly prodigious amount of writing. This important Oxford Reader makes the topic more accessible by offering a broad, authoritative treatment of the key contributions to the subject, while giving unprecedented depth to recent debates and issues. Edited by two of the field's most influential scholars, the readings are representative of the vast array of experience and scholarship that have shaped the concept of nationalism for over two centuries. From Ernest Renan's What is a Nation?, written in the 1880s, to the more current views of the 1990s, Nationalism gathers under one cover an impressive array of writing on everything from imagined communities to ethno-regional movements. In no other volume will students of politics, history, sociology, anthropology, international relations, and cultural studies have access to such a definitive appraisal of one of the modern world's most influential--and explosive--ideas.

About the Author(s)

Anthony Smith is Professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics. John Hutchinson is Senior Lecturer in the Faculty of Humanities at Griffith University, Brisbane.


"The most comprehensive and up-to-date selection of writings on nationalism, including many of the seminal authors. An excellent collection!"--Frank Tachau, University of Illinois at Chicago

"An amazing amount of information is included. This book contains excerpts from the works of some of the best scholars on nationalism. The authors have a diverse set of views , and...have selected the core parts of these writings for inclusion."--Dean McHeiry, Claremont College

"This type of reader is badly needed for courses that take a serious thematic approach to world history."--J. Michael Allen, Brigham Young University

"This is the first reader to be published on the subject of nationalism in many years. It is an invaluable collection of 49 expertly chosen extracts from the key authors in the field....[W]ill become the standard work in courses on nationalism. Its pithy extracts will introduce students to the breadth of the literature in the field..."--Choice

"Excellent collection of articles with good historical coverage and a useful bibliography. I will certainly adopt it."--Oriol Pi-Sunyer, University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Table of Contents

    I. The Question of Definition
    1. Ernest Renan, Qu'est-ce qu'une nation?
    2. Joseph Stalin, The Nation
    3. Max Weber, The Nation
    4. Karl W. Deutsch, Nationalism and Social Communication
    5. Clifford Geertz, Primordial and Civic Ties
    6. Anthony Giddens, The Nation as Power-Container
    7. Walker Connor, A Nation is a Nation, is a State, is an Ethnic Group, is a...
    II. Theories of Nationalism
    8. Elie Kedourie, Nationalism and Self-Determination
    9. Ernest Gellner, Nationalism and Modernization
    10. Ernest Gellner, Nationalism and High Cultures
    11. Tom Nairn, The Maladies of Development
    12. Eric Hobsbawm, The Nation as Invented Tradition
    13. Paul R. Brass, Elite Competition and Nation-Formation
    14. Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities
    15. Pierre Van Den Berghe, A Socio-Biological Perspective
    16. John Breuilly, The Sources of Nationalist Ideology
    17. Anthony D. Smith, The Crisis of Dual Legitimation
    18. John Hutchinson, Cultural Nationalism and Moral Regeneration
    III. The Rise of Nations
    19. Hugh Seton-Watson, Old and New Nations
    20. Susan Reynolds, Regnal Sentiments and Medieval Communities
    21. John Armstrong, Nations before Nationalism
    22. Anthony D. Smith, The Origins of Nations
    23. Walker Connor, When is a Nation?
    VI. Nationalism In Europe
    24. Hans Kohn, Western and Eastern Nationalisms
    25. Liah Greenfeld, Types of European Nationalism
    26. Peter Sugar, Nationalism in Eastern Europe
    27. Eric Hobsbawm, The Rise of Ethno-Linguistic Nationalisms
    28. Michael Hechter and Margaret Levi, Ethno-Regional Movements in the West
    V. Nationalism outside Europe
    29. Benedict Anderson, Creole Pioneers of Nationalism
    30. Elie Kedourie, Dark Gods and their Rites
    31. Partha Chatterjee, National History and its Exclusions
    32. Francis Robinson, Islam and Nationalism
    33. Mary Matossian, Ideologies of Delayed Development
    34. Crawford Young, The Colonial Construction of African Nations
    35. Benyamin Neurberger, State and Nation in African Thought
    36. Harry Johnson, Economic Nationalism in New States
    VI. Nationalism and the International System
    37. Edward H. Carr, Three Phases of Nationalism
    38. Alfred Cobban, The Rise of the Nation-State System
    39. Charles Tilly, Europe and the International State System
    40. Michael Howard, War and Nations
    41. Arend Lijphart, Ethnic Conflict in the West
    42. Donald Horowitz, The Logic of Secessions
    43. James Mayall, Irredentist and Secessionist Challenges
    44. John Armstrong, Towards a Post-Communist World
    VII. Beyond Nationalism?
    45. Anthony H. Richmond, Ethnic Nationalism and Post-Industrialism
    46. William H. McNeill, Reasserting the Polyethnic Norm
    47. Homi Bhabha, Narrating the Nation
    48. Floya Anthias and Nira Yuval-Davis, Women and the Nation-State
    49. Philip Schlesinger, Europeanness: A New Cultural Battlefield?
    Select Bibliography
    Biographical Notes